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BIOSTATISTICS
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 109-112

Intention-to-treat concept: A review


Clinical Pharmacologist, Gurgaon, India

Date of Web Publication27-Jul-2011

Correspondence Address:
Sandeep K Gupta
J-1044, First Floor, Palam Vihar, Gurgaon - 122 001, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2229-3485.83221

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   Abstract 

Randomized controlled trials often suffer from two major complications, i.e., noncompliance and missing outcomes. One potential solution to this problem is a statistical concept called intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis. ITT analysis includes every subject who is randomized according to randomized treatment assignment. It ignores noncompliance, protocol deviations, withdrawal, and anything that happens after randomization. ITT analysis maintains prognostic balance generated from the original random treatment allocation. In ITT analysis, estimate of treatment effect is generally conservative. A better application of the ITT approach is possible if complete outcome data are available for all randomized subjects. Per-protocol population is defined as a subset of the ITT population who completed the study without any major protocol violations.

Keywords: Intention-to-treat analysis, per-protocol analysis, randomized controlled trials


How to cite this article:
Gupta SK. Intention-to-treat concept: A review. Perspect Clin Res 2011;2:109-12

How to cite this URL:
Gupta SK. Intention-to-treat concept: A review. Perspect Clin Res [serial online] 2011 [cited 2019 Dec 10];2:109-12. Available from: http://www.picronline.org/text.asp?2011/2/3/109/83221


   Introduction Top


Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) often suffer from two major complications, i.e., noncompliance and missing outcomes. One potential solution to this problem is a statistical concept called intention-to-treat (ITT) concept. The objective of this article is to give a basic understanding of the ITT concept to the beginners in the field of clinical research. With this objective in mind, this article will review the ITT principle, with special emphasis on need and application of this concept and its pros and cons.


   Definition of ITT Concept Top


According to Fisher et al. (1990), the ITT analysis includes all randomized patients in the groups to which they were randomly assigned, regardless of their adherence with the entry criteria, regardless of the treatment they actually received, and regardless of subsequent withdrawal from treatment or deviation from the protocol. [1]

In other words, ITT analysis includes every subject who is randomized according to randomized treatment assignment. It ignores noncompliance, protocol deviations, withdrawal, and anything that happens after randomization. [2],[3],[4],[5] ITT analysis is usually described as "once randomized, always analyzed". [6],[7]

ITT analysis avoids overoptimistic estimates of the efficacy of an intervention resulting from the removal of non-compliers by accepting that noncompliance and protocol deviations are likely to occur in actual clinical practice. [4]


   Need for Such a Population Top


RCTs are the ideal design in assessing the efficacy and safety of medicine. In an RCT, the study subjects is randomly allocated to receive one of the treatments under study after assessment of eligibility but before the intervention is administered. Randomization in clinical trials reduces bias. The purpose of the RCT is to ensure that the groups differ only with respect to the interventions being compared. [8]

In an ideal scenario, every subject enrolled in RCT would follow instructions and complete their allocated treatment as described in the protocol and thus contribute data which were complete in all respects. [9] But unfortunately, one practical problem that investigators usually come across in RCT is that subjects do not always follow instructions. Moreover, in some studies, drop out of the subjects is a problem. Hence, RCTs often suffer from two major complications, i.e., noncompliance and missing outcomes. One potential solution to this problem is a statistical concept called ITT analysis. [10],[11]


   Pros of Using ITT Analysis Top


ITT is better regarded as a complete trial strategy for design, conduct and analysis rather than as an approach to analysis alone. [9],[12] Full reporting of any deviations from random allocation and missing response is essential in the assessment of the necessity and appropriateness of an ITT approach, as emphasized in the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines on the reporting of RCTs. [12] The CONSORT statement for improving the quality of reports of RCTs states that number of participants in each group should be analyzed by "intention-to-treat" principle. [13]

ITT analysis reflects the practical clinical scenario because it admits noncompliance and protocol deviations. ITT analysis maintains prognostic balance generated from the original random treatment allocation. It gives an unbiased estimate of treatment effect. [3],[4],[14] If noncompliant subjects and dropouts are excluded from the final analysis, it might create important prognostic differences among treatment groups. Moreover, subjects may be noncompliant or may drop out from the study due to their response of treatment. [3]

ITT analysis preserves the sample size because if noncompliant subjects and dropouts are excluded from the final analysis, it might significantly reduce the sample size, leading to reduced statistical power. [3]

ITT analysis limits inferences based on arbitrary or ad hoc subgroups of patients in the trial and emphasizes greater accountability for all patients enrolled in the study. Also, it minimizes type I error due to cautious approach and allows for the greatest generalizability. [15]


   Cons of Using ITT Analysis Top


Many arguments against ITT analysis appear valid. To begin with, if a subject who actually did not receive any treatment is included as a subject who received treatment, then it indicates very little about the efficacy of the treatment. In ITT analysis, estimate of treatment effect is generally conservative because of dilution due to noncompliance. Also, heterogeneity might be introduced if noncompliants, dropouts and compliant subjects are mixed together in the final analysis. Moreover, end-point data will differ markedly among noncompliant, dropouts and compliant subjects, and interpretation might become difficult if a large proportion of participants cross over to opposite treatment arms. [3],[4],[12],[16],[17] ITT analysis has been criticized for being too cautious and thus being more susceptible to type II error. [12],[15]


   Who should use ITT? Top


A better application of the ITT approach is possible if complete outcome data are available for all randomized subjects. Care must always be taken to minimize missing responses and to continue to follow up those who withdraw from treatment. [4],[18],[19] Anyone who follows these principles intelligently and has a vision to minimize bias should not worry further about "intention to treat". [9] However, in most cases, missing data could also be dealt by using the last observation carried forward (LOCF) method, whereby the last available measurement for each individual at the time point prior to withdrawal from the study is retained in the analysis. [20],[21]

US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines for "The Format and Content of the Clinical and Statistical Sections of Applications" state that as a general rule, even if the applicant's preferred analysis is based on a reduced subset of the patients with data, there should be an additional "intent-to-treat" analysis using all randomized patients. The FDA guideline further explains that the results of a clinical trial should be assessed not only for the subset of patients who completed the study, but also for the entire patient population randomized (the ITT analysis). [22],[23]

Committee for Proprietary Medicinal Products (CPMP) note for guidance "Biostatistical Methodology in Clinical Trials for Marketing Authorisations for Medicinal Products" states that decisions concerning the analysis population should be guided by the principles underlying the "intention-to-treat" and the "per-protocol" strategies. When the ITT and per-protocol (PP) analyses come to essentially the same conclusions, confidence in the study results is increased. [22],[24]

The International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) E9 guideline on "Statistical Principles for Clinical Trials" uses the term "full analysis set" to describe the analysis set which is as complete as possible and as close as possible to the ITT ideal of including all randomized subjects. [22],[25]

One of the alternatives of ITT analysis is the PP analysis. It is defined as a subset of the ITT population who completed the study without any major protocol violations. [26] PP analyses exclude all protocol violators, including anyone who did not adhere to treatment, switched groups, or missed measurements. [27] ITT tends to make the two treatments look similar, whereas the PP removes patients who do not complete treatment and is more able to reflect treatment differences. [28]

CPMP guideline states that for a superiority trial, the ITT analysis should be considered primary and the PP supportive. [29] It is often argued that the ITT analysis tends to dilute the treatment difference of interest. [30] Whereas the importance of the ITT population analysis in superiority designs has been well accepted, however there is no consensus about its role in non-inferiority trials. [31]

It has been argued that protocol violations and poorly conducted trials may cause the results obtained from two different treatment groups to appear similar. Hence, ITT analysis alone is not preferred for noninferiority trial. A possible alternative is to conduct the PP analysis where only subjects meeting the inclusion criteria are considered. But the conservative effect of the PP analysis on noninferiority and equivalence trials has not been thoroughly explored. Therefore, it has been suggested that noninferiority should be concluded only if both ITT and PP analyses permit that. [28],[31],[32],[33],[34],[35],[36] CPMP guideline states that in a noninferiority trial, the full analysis set based on the ITT principle and the PP analysis set have equal importance and their use should lead to similar conclusions for a robust interpretation. [29]


   Modified ITT Concept Top


It is a subset of the ITT population and allows the exclusion of some randomized subjects in a justified way (such as patients who were deemed ineligible after randomization or certain patients who never started treatment). However, the definition given to the modified ITT (mITT) in randomized controlled trial has been found to be irregular and arbitrary because there is a lack of consistent guidelines for its application. The mITT analysis allows a subjective approach in entry criteria, which may lead to confusion, inaccurate results and bias. [27],[37],[38] It is mostly used in anti-infective trials where multiple mITT populations can be defined for a single study such as clinical mITT and microbiological mITT. [39],[40]


   Summary and Conclusion Top


One practical problem that investigators usually come across in RCT is that subjects do not always follow instructions. Moreover, in some studies, drop out of the subjects is a problem. Hence, RCT often suffers from two major complications, i.e., noncompliance and missing outcomes. One potential solution to this problem is a statistical concept called ITT analysis. ITT analysis includes every subject who is randomized according to randomized treatment assignment. It ignores noncompliance, protocol deviations, withdrawal, and anything that happens after randomization. ITT analysis is usually described as "once randomized, always analyzed". But in ITT analysis, estimate of treatment effect is generally conservative because of dilution due to noncompliance. Also, heterogeneity might be introduced if noncompliants, dropouts and compliant subjects are mixed together in the final analysis. Moreover, end-point data will differ markedly among noncompliant, dropouts and compliant subjects, and interpretation might become difficult if a large proportion of participants cross over to opposite treatment arms. A better application of the ITT approach is possible if complete outcome data are available for all randomized subjects. Care must always be taken to minimize missing responses and to continue to follow up those who withdraw from treatment. Anyone who follows these principles intelligently and has a vision to minimize bias should not worry further about "intention to treat".


   Acknowledgement Top


I gratefully acknowledge the help of anonymous reviewers for helpful comments and suggestions.


   Disclaimer Top


The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of his employer.

 
   References Top

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33 A Quasi-Experimental Study of a Peer Support Group to Enhance Protective Factors for Fathers of Children in Head Start
Paul Lanier,Joseph Frey,Quinton Smith,Gerard Chung
Journal of Child and Family Studies. 2019;
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34 Decentralized Care with Generic Direct-Acting Antivirals in the Management of Chronic Hepatitis C in a Public Health Care Setting
Radha K. Dhiman,Gagandeep S. Grover,Madhumita Premkumar,Sunil Taneja,Ajay Duseja,Sanjeev Arora,Sahaj Rathi,Sandeep Satsangi,Akash Roy
Journal of Hepatology. 2019;
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35 Physical activity change after a promotora-led intervention in low-income Mexican American women residing in South Texas
Jennifer J. Salinas,Deborah Parra-Medina
BMC Public Health. 2019; 19(1)
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36 Trunk Exercises Improve Balance in Parkinson Disease
Ryan P. Hubble,Peter A. Silburn,Geraldine A. Naughton,Michael H. Cole
Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy. 2019; 43(2): 96
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37 A positive deviance approach to improve familial authorization for organ donation
Ashley E. Fico,Thomas Hugh Feeley
Clinical Transplantation. 2019; 33(3): e13488
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38 Efficacy of elaborated semantic features analysis in Aphasia: a quasi-randomised controlled trial
Evangelia-Antonia Efstratiadou,Ilias Papathanasiou,Rachel Holland,Spyridoula Varlokosta,Katerina Hilari
Aphasiology. 2019; : 1
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39 The Efficacy of Interventions Aimed at Reducing Procrastination: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
John M. Malouff,Nicola S. Schutte
Journal of Counseling & Development. 2019; 97(2): 117
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40 Comparing the effectiveness of integrating ergonomics and motor control to conventional treatment for pain and functional recovery of work-related neck-shoulder pain: A randomized trial
Sharon M. H. Tsang,Billy C. L. So,Rufina W. L. Lau,Jie Dai,Grace P. Y. Szeto
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41 A randomized controlled trial of mindfulness in patients with schizophrenia?
Kun-Hua Lee
Psychiatry Research. 2019; 275: 137
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42 Affective Neural Mechanisms of a Parenting-Focused Mindfulness Intervention
Caitlin C. Turpyn,Tara M. Chaplin,Sarah Fischer,James C. Thompson,John R. Fedota,Ruth A. Baer,Alexandra M. Martelli
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43 “Workplace Physical Activity Program” (WOPAP) study protocol: a four-arm randomized controlled trial on preventing burnout and promoting vigor
Clément Ginoux,Sandrine Isoard-Gautheur,Philippe Sarrazin
BMC Public Health. 2019; 19(1)
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44 Semaglutide as a promising antiobesity drug
Georgios A. Christou,Niki Katsiki,John Blundell,Gema Fruhbeck,Dimitrios N. Kiortsis
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45 Resilience and well-being in the Caribbean: Findings from a randomized controlled trial of a culturally adapted multi-component positive psychology intervention
Tom Hendriks,Marijke Schotanus-Dijkstra,Aabidien Hassankhan,Wantley Sardjo,Tobi Graafsma,Ernst Bohlmeijer,Joop de Jong
The Journal of Positive Psychology. 2019; : 1
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46 Variations in study outcomes relative to intention-to-treat and per-protocol data analysis techniques in the evaluation of efficacy for treatment of venous leg ulcers with dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane allograft
Christian Bianchi,William Tettelbach,Niki Istwan,Brandon Hubbs,Kimberly Kot,Stan Harris,Donald Fetterolf
International Wound Journal. 2019;
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47 Arriba por la Vida Estudio (AVE): Study protocol for a standing intervention targeting postmenopausal Latinas
Michelle Takemoto,Megan Schechtman,Nicole Villa,Gregory Talavera,Dorothy D. Sears,Loki Natarajan,Neville Owen,Dori E. Rosenberg,David Dunstan,Matthew Allison,Jacqueline Kerr
Contemporary Clinical Trials. 2019; 79: 66
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48 Benefits of Methylphenidate for Long-Term Attention Problems After Traumatic Brain Injury in Childhood
Brad G. Kurowski,Jeffery N. Epstein,David W. Pruitt,Paul S. Horn,Mekibib Altaye,Shari L. Wade
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. 2019; 34(2): E1
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49 Effectiveness of Manual Therapy, Customised Foot Orthoses and Combined Therapy in the Management of Plantar Fasciitis—A RCT
Casper Grim,Ruth Kramer,Martin Engelhardt,Swen Malte John,Thilo Hotfiel,Matthias Wilhelm Hoppe
Sports. 2019; 7(6): 128
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50 Rationalization and Reflection Differentially Modulate Prior Attitudes Toward the Purity Domain
Ivar R. Hannikainen,Alejandro Rosas
Cognitive Science. 2019; 43(6): e12747
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51 Supporting Our Lifelong Engagement: Mothers and Teens Exercising (SOLE MATES); a feasibility trial
Méabh Corr,Jaimie McMullen,Philip J. Morgan,Alyce Barnes,Elaine M. Murtagh
Women & Health. 2019; : 1
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52 Health Service Utilization and State Costs Among Adults Aging With Early-Acquired Physical Disabilities in Medicaid Managed Care
Kiyoshi Yamaki,Coady Wing,Dale Mitchell,Randall Owen,Tamar Heller
Journal of Aging and Health. 2019; 31(10_suppl): 97S
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53 Continuous vestibular implant stimulation partially restores eye-stabilizing reflexes
Peter J. Boutros,Desi P. Schoo,Mehdi Rahman,Nicolas S. Valentin,Margaret R. Chow,Andrianna I. Ayiotis,Brian J. Morris,Andreas Hofner,Aitor Morillo Rascon,Andreas Marx,Ross Deas,Gene Y. Fridman,Natan S. Davidovics,Bryan K. Ward,Carolina Treviño,Stephen P. Bowditch,Dale C. Roberts,Kelly E. Lane,Yoav Gimmon,Michael C. Schubert,John P. Carey,Andreas Jaeger,Charles C. Della Santina
JCI Insight. 2019; 4(22)
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54 Understanding the impact of a multispecialty electronic consultation service on family physician referral rates to specialists: a randomized controlled trial using health administrative data
Clare Liddy,Isabella Moroz,Erin Keely,Monica Taljaard,Catherine Deri Armstrong,Amir Afkham,Claire E. Kendall
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55 A pilot randomised controlled trial of a programme of psychosocial interventions (Resettle) for high risk personality disordered offenders
Rajan Nathan,Luna Centifanti,Vikki Baker,Jonathan Hill
International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. 2019; 66: 101463
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56 Effects of Tai Chi Combined With Theraband Training on Physical Fitness, Psychological Well-being, and Pain in Older Sedentary Office Workers
Meiling Qi,Wendy Moyle,Cindy Jones,Benjamin Weeks
Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation. 2019; 35(4): 255
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57 Effects of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors on diabetic retinopathy and its progression: A real-world Korean study
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PLOS ONE. 2019; 14(10): e0224549
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58 The Impact of Medicaid Managed Care on Health Service Utilization Among Adults With Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Kiyoshi Yamaki,Coady Wing,Dale Mitchell,Randall Owen,Tamar Heller
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. 2019; 57(4): 289
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59 A multisite, randomized field trial to evaluate the influence of lactoferrin on the morbidity and mortality of dairy calves with diarrhea
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60 Interventions to promote healthy environments in family child care homes in Oklahoma—Happy Healthy Homes: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Susan B. Sisson,Alicia L. Salvatore,Deana Hildebrand,Tiffany Poe,Cady Merchant,Megan Slawinski,Chelsea L. Kracht,Julie A. Stoner,Naneida Alcala Lazarte,Lu Ann Faulkner Schneider,Jennifer Weber,Felecia Jones,Dianne Ward
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61 Results of a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial to Promote the Use of Respiratory Protective Equipment among Migrant Workers Exposed to Organic Solvents in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
Wen Chen,Tongyang Li,Guanyang Zou,Andre M.N. Renzaho,Xudong Li,Leiyu Shi,Li Ling
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(17): 3187
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62 Adaptive Physical Activity for Stroke: An Early-Stage Randomized Controlled Trial in the United States
Mary Stuart,Alexander W. Dromerick,Richard Macko,Francesco Benvenuti,Brock Beamer,John Sorkin,Sarah Chard,Michael Weinrich
Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 2019; 33(8): 668
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63 Inhaled nitric oxide to treat intermediate risk pulmonary embolism: A multicenter randomized controlled trial
Jeffrey A. Kline,Michael A. Puskarich,Alan E. Jones,Ronald A. Mastouri,Cassandra L. Hall,Anthony Perkins,Emily E. Gundert,Tim Lahm
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64 Integral movement therapy versus local movement therapy approach in patients with idiopathic chronic low-back pain: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
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65 Systematic Review of the Effect of Topical Application of Human Breast Milk on Early Umbilical Cord Separation
Angela Ping Hui Kirk,Jinling Yang,Woei Chyi Sim,Lydia Yi Xin Chia,Ying Lau
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66 The Effect of HIV Self-Testing Delivery Models on Female Sex Workers’ Sexual Behaviors: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Urban Uganda
Katrina F. Ortblad,Daniel Kibuuka Musoke,Thomson Ngabirano,Aidah Nakitende,Guy Harling,Jessica E. Haberer,Margaret McConnell,Joshua A. Salomon,Catherine E. Oldenburg,Till Bärnighausen
AIDS and Behavior. 2019;
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67 Couple-based interventions for PTSD among military veterans: An empirical review
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68 An overview of statistical methods for handling nonadherence to intervention protocol in randomized control trials: a methodological review
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69 Efficacy of Eye Movement Desensitization & Reprocessing Versus Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Post-Traumatic Stress and Depressive Symptoms: Study protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial
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70 Phase I Safety Trial: Extended Daily Peripheral Sensory Stimulation Using a Wrist-Worn Vibrator in Stroke Survivors
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71 Change in self-efficacy, eating behaviors and food cravings during two years of calorie restriction in humans without obesity.
James Dorling,Manju Bhapkar,Sai Krupa Das,Susan B. Racette,John W. Apolzan,S. Nicole Fearnbach,Leanne M. Redman,Candice A. Myers,Tiffany M. Stewart,Corby K. Martin
Appetite. 2019; : 104397
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72 Effect of Implementing Discharge Readiness Assessment in Adult Medical-Surgical Units on 30-Day Return to Hospital
Marianne E. Weiss,Olga Yakusheva,Kathleen L. Bobay,Linda Costa,Ronda G. Hughes,Susan Nuccio,Morris Hamilton,Sarah Bahr,Danielle Siclovan,James Bang
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73 In response to Mamo et al. Noninvasive Ventilation After Thoracoabdominal Aortic Surgery: Is the Prevention of Postoperative Pulmonary Complications rock-solid?
Antonio M Esquinas,Habib Md Reazaul Karim,Marco Zaccaginini
Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia. 2019;
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74 Sustainable and cost-effective teenage breast awareness campaigns: Insights from a Nigerian high school intervention study
Chris O. Ifediora,Emmanuel C. Azuike
Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 2019;
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75 Single versus Maintenance Intravesical Chemotherapy for the Prevention of Bladder Recurrence after Radical Nephroureterectomy for Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Ahmed M. Harraz,Magdy El-Shabrawy,Ahmed R. EL-Nahas,Hamdy El-Kappany,Yasser Osman
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76 Effectiveness of remote feedback on physical activity in persons with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Malte Bue Kongstad,Laura Staun Valentiner,Mathias Ried-Larsen,Karen Christina Walker,Carsten Bogh Juhl,Henning Langberg
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77 2018 John N. Insall Award
Andrew N. Fleischman,Meredith P. Crizer,Majd Tarabichi,Shelby Smith,Richard H. Rothman,Jess H. Lonner,Antonia F. Chen
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 2019; 477(1): 60
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78 Cognitive behavioural therapy and mindfulness for relatives of missing persons: a pilot study
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Pilot and Feasibility Studies. 2019; 5(1)
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79 Heavy Drinking among Women Receiving Intensive Motivational Interviewing: 6-Month Outcomes
Douglas L. Polcin,Madhabika B. Nayak,Rachael Korcha,Sheila Pugh,Jane Witbrodt,Michelle Salinardi,Gantt Galloway,Emily Nelson
Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. 2019; : 1
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80 Intention-to-treat analysis: Are we managing dropouts and missing data properly in research on orthodontic treatment? A systematic review
Klaus Barretto dos Santos Lopes Batista,Badri Thiruvenkatachari,Kevin OæBrien
American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2019; 155(1): 19
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81 Improving Couplesæ Relationship Functioning Leads to Improved Coparenting: A Randomized Controlled Trial with Rural African American Couples
Justin A. Lavner,Allen W. Barton,Steven R.H. Beach
Behavior Therapy. 2019;
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82 Fall Prevention Exercises With or Without Behavior Change Support for Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Two-Year Follow-Up of a Randomized Controlled Trial
Marina Arkkukangas,Susanna Tuvemo Johnson,Karin Hellström,Elisabeth Anens,Michail Tonkonogi,Ulf Larsson
Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 2019; : 1
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83 Assessing the impact of diet, exercise and the combination of the two as a treatment for OSA: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Bradley A. Edwards,Claire Bristow,Denise M. OæDriscoll,Ai-Ming Wong,Ladan Ghazi,Zoe E. Davidson,Alan Young,Helen Truby,Terry P Haines,Garun S. Hamilton
Respirology. 2019;
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84 A Randomized Trial of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy with Psoriasis Patients
Alan Maddock,David Hevey,Paul D’Alton,Brian Kirby
Mindfulness. 2019;
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85 COPD-Specific Self-Management Support Provided by Trained Educators in Everyday Practice is Associated with Improved Quality of Life, Health-Directed Behaviors, and Skill and Technique Acquisition: A Convergent Embedded Mixed-Methods Study
Myriam Gagné,Sophie Lauzier,Justine Babineau-Therrien,Christine Hamel,Sara-Edith Penney,Jean Bourbeau,Jocelyne Moisan,Louis-Philippe Boulet
The Patient - Patient-Centered Outcomes Research. 2019;
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86 A randomised controlled trial of movement quality-focused exercise versus traditional resistance exercise for improving movement quality and physical performance in trained adults
Hunter Bennett,John Arnold,Max Martin,Kevin Norton,Kade Davison
Journal of Sports Sciences. 2019; : 1
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87 Trajectory Classes of Opioid Use Among Individuals in a Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Extended-Release Naltrexone and Buprenorphine-Naloxone
Lesia M. Ruglass,Jennifer Scodes,Martina Pavlicova,Aimee N.C. Campbell,Skye Fitzpatrick,Celestina Barbosa-Leiker,Kathleen Burlew,Shelly F. Greenfield,John Rotrosen,Edward V. Nunes
Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2019; : 107649
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88 The Wellness Incentive and Navigation intervention improved health-related quality of life among Medicaid enrollees: A randomized pragmatic clinical trial
Yi Guo,Walter Bruce Vogel,Keith E. Muller,Dena Stoner,Tianyao Huo,Elizabeth A. Shenkman
Health Services Research. 2019;
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89 A comparison of the efficacy of nonweight-bearing and weight-bearing exercise programmes on function and pain pressure thresholds in knee osteoarthritis: a randomised study
Vanessa Martins Pereira Silva Moreira,Fabiana da Silva Soares,Wallisen Tadashi Hattori,Valdeci Carlos Dionisio
European Journal of Physiotherapy. 2019; : 1
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90 The effect of digital physical activity interventions on daily step count: a randomised controlled crossover substudy of the MyHeart Counts Cardiovascular Health Study
Anna Shcherbina,Steven G Hershman,Laura Lazzeroni,Abby C King,Jack W OæSullivan,Eric Hekler,Yasbanoo Moayedi,Aleksandra Pavlovic,Daryl Waggott,Abhinav Sharma,Alan Yeung,Jeffrey W Christle,Matthew T Wheeler,Michael V McConnell,Robert A Harrington,Euan A Ashley
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91 A brief diet intervention can reduce symptoms of depression in young adults – A randomised controlled trial
Heather M. Francis,Richard J. Stevenson,Jaime R. Chambers,Dolly Gupta,Brooklyn Newey,Chai K. Lim,Yutaka J. Matsuoka
PLOS ONE. 2019; 14(10): e0222768
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92 Impact of a pharmacist-led education and follow-up service on anticoagulation control and safety outcomes at a tertiary hospital in China: a randomised controlled trial
Jia-Bi Liang,Cheng-Kin Lao,Lin Tian,Ying-Ying Yang,Hui-Min Wu,Henry Hoi-Yee Tong,Alexandre Chan
International Journal of Pharmacy Practice. 2019;
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93 Testimony at court: a randomised controlled trial investigating the art and science of persuading witnesses and victims to attend trial
Evie Monnington-Taylor,Kate Bowers,Pippa Streeter Hurle,Liz Ward,Simon Ruda,Martin Sweeney,Alex Murray,Jo Whitehouse
Crime Science. 2019; 8(1)
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94 Efficacy of Proximal Resin Infiltration on Caries Inhibition: Results from a 3-Year Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
M.C. Peters,A.R. Hopkins,L. Zhu,Q. Yu
Journal of Dental Research. 2019; 98(13): 1497
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95 The Efficacy and Safety of Bilastine in the Treatment of Perennial Allergic Rhinitis in Patients with Moderate and Severe Forms of the Disease. Comparison of bilastine 20 mg with desloratadine 5 mg ??????
S. Ryazantsev,I. Gogunska,I. Lymar,L. Romanyuk,B. Bil,S. Pukhlik,V. Pravdyva,V. Lapshyn,V. Koshlia
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96 The effect of music intervention on patients with cancer-related pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Sefika Tugba Yangöz,Zeynep Özer
Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2019;
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97 A systematic review of technology-assisted interventions for co-morbid depression and substance use
Nicola A Holmes,Joseph EM van Agteren,Diana S Dorstyn
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. 2019; 25(3): 131
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98 Efficacy and safety of selective COX-2 inhibitors for pain management after third molar removal: a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
Albert González-Barnadas,Octavi Camps-Font,Pablo Martín-Fatás,Rui Figueiredo,Cosme Gay-Escoda,Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón
Clinical Oral Investigations. 2019;
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99 Experimental evaluation of the impact of a payment for environmental services program on deforestation
Emma Wiik,Rémi dæAnnunzio,Edwin Pynegar,David Crespo,Nigel Asquith,Julia P. G. Jones
Conservation Science and Practice. 2019; 1(2): e8
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100 A pilot and feasibility study of the effectiveness of care mapping on person-centred care in neurorehabilitation settings
Laura J. E. Brown,Daniel Blake,Katherine Berry,Russell Sheldrick
Neuropsychological Rehabilitation. 2019; : 1
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101 Tailored interventions by community pharmacists and general practitioners improve adherence to statins in a Spanish randomized controlled trial
Ainhoa Oñatibia-Astibia,Amaia Malet-Larrea,Belen Larrañaga,Miguel Ángel Gastelurrutia,Begoña Calvo,Dulce Ramírez,Ignacio Cantero,Ángel Garay,Estibaliz Goyenechea
Health Services Research. 2019;
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102 Effects of Aerobic Exercise as Add-On Treatment for Inpatients With Moderate to Severe Depression on Depression Severity, Sleep, Cognition, Psychological Well-Being, and Biomarkers: Study Protocol, Description of Study Population, and Manipulation Check
Christian Imboden,Markus Gerber,Johannes Beck,Anne Eckert,Uwe Pühse,Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,Martin Hatzinger
Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2019; 10
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103 A Comparison of Parenteral Phenobarbital vs. Parenteral Phenytoin as Second-Line Management for Pediatric Convulsive Status Epilepticus in a Resource-Limited Setting
Richard J. Burman,Sally Ackermann,Alexander Shapson-Coe,Alvin Ndondo,Heloise Buys,Jo M. Wilmshurst
Frontiers in Neurology. 2019; 10
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104 A meta-analytic review of the efficacy of psychological treatments for violent offenders in correctional and forensic mental health settings
Nina Papalia,Benjamin Spivak,Michael Daffern,James R. P. Ogloff
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice. 2019; : e12282
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105 The mixed effects of online diversity training
Edward H. Chang,Katherine L. Milkman,Dena M. Gromet,Robert W. Rebele,Cade Massey,Angela L. Duckworth,Adam M. Grant
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2019; 116(16): 7778
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106 A prospective pilot study of the effect on catecholamines of mindfulness training vs pharmacological prophylaxis in patients with chronic migraine and medication overuse headache
Licia Grazzi,Alberto Raggi,Domenico D’Amico,Emanuela Sansone,Matilde Leonardi,Frank Andrasik,Antonina Gucciardi,Davide Guido,Giovanni D’Andrea
Cephalalgia. 2019; 39(5): 655
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107 Guided Digital Cognitive Behavioral Program for Anxiety in Primary Care: Propensity-Matched Controlled Trial
Megan Oser,Meredith L Wallace,Francis Solano,Eva Maria Szigethy
JMIR Mental Health. 2019; 6(4): e11981
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108 Development and effectiveness of virtual interactive working memory training for older people with mild cognitive impairment: a single-blind randomised controlled trial
Hui-Ling Yang,Hsin Chu,Ching-Chiu Kao,Huei-Ling Chiu,Ing-Jy Tseng,Philip Tseng,Kuei-Ru Chou
Age and Ageing. 2019;
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109 Use of modified intention-to-treat analysis in studies of direct oral anticoagulants and risk of selection bias: a systematic review
Tristan Rainville,Mikhael Laskine,Madeleine Durand
BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine. 2019; 24(2): 63
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110 After the end: Linguistic predictors of psychological distress 4 years after marital separation
Kyle J. Bourassa,Karen Hasselmo,David A. Sbarra
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. 2019; 36(6): 1872
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111 Second-Order Peer Reviews of Clinically Relevant Articles for the Physiatrist
Jason Liang,Seyed Mohammad Alavinia,Dinesh Kumbhare
American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. 2019; 98(5): e40
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112 Effectiveness of prophylactic sacral protective dressings to prevent pressure injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Paul Fulbrook,Vainess Mbuzi,Sandra Miles
International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2019; : 103400
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113 A Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy-Based Bibliotherapy Intervention among Adults Living with Chronic Pain
Josée Veillette,Marie-Eve Martel,Frédérick Dionne
Canadian Journal of Pain. 2019;
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114 Findings From a Real-World Translation Study of the Evidence-Based “Partners in Dementia Care”
David M Bass,Thomas Hornick,Mark Kunik,Katherine S Judge,Branka Primetica,Keith Kearney,Julie Rentsch,Catherine Mccarthy,Jennifer Grim,J Jill Suitor
Innovation in Aging. 2019; 3(3)
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115 Effectiveness of a Universal, Classroom-Based Preventive Intervention (PAX GBG) in Estonia: a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial
Karin Streimann,Anne Selart,Aire Trummal
Prevention Science. 2019;
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116 Measuring and Reducing Chemical Spills by Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Providing Feedback
Aimilia M. Tsokou,Alix Howells,Moray S. Stark
Journal of Chemical Education. 2019;
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117 The effect of emotional working memory training on emotional and cognitive outcomes in individuals with elevated social anxiety
Simone A. du Toit,Saif A. Kade,Craig T. Danielson,Susanne Schweizer,Jin Han,Michelle Torok,Quincy J.J. Wong
Journal of Affective Disorders. 2019;
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118 Effects of awareness material featuring individuals with experience of depression and suicidal thoughts on an audience with depressive symptoms: Randomized controlled trial
Thomas Niederkrotenthaler,Benedikt Till
Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. 2019; : 101515
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119 Caregiving for children through conflict and displacement: a pilot study testing the feasibility of delivering and evaluating a light touch parenting intervention for caregivers in the West Bank
Aala El-Khani,Wadih Maalouf,Dania Abu Baker,Nosheen Zahra,Ali Noubani,Kim Cartwright
International Journal of Psychology. 2019;
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120 Effects on stress reduction of a modified mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for family caregivers of those with dementia: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Patrick Pui Kin Kor,Justina Yat-Wa Liu,Wai Tong Chien
Trials. 2019; 20(1)
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121 Effects of Internet Training in Mindfulness Meditation on Variables Related to Cancer Recovery
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Mindfulness. 2019;
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122 CPAP Treatment and Cardiovascular Prevention
Shahrokh Javaheri,Miguel Angel Martinez-Garcia,Francisco Campos-Rodriguez
Chest. 2019;
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123 Comparative effectiveness of individualised homeopathy and antibiotics in the treatment of bovine clinical mastitis: randomised controlled trial
Diana Keller,Albert Sundrum
Veterinary Record. 2018; 182(14): 407
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124 Social Robots for Depression in Older Adults: A Systematic Review
Shu-Chuan Chen,Cindy Jones,Wendy Moyle
Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 2018;
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125 An integrated approach to mental health and disaster preparedness: a cluster comparison with earthquake affected communities in Nepal
Courtney Welton-Mitchell,Leah Emily James,Shree Niwas Khanal,Alexander Scott James
BMC Psychiatry. 2018; 18(1)
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126 Online versus Offline Promotional Communication
Marco Ieva,Cristina Ziliani,Juan Carlos Gázquez-Abad,Ida DæAttoma
Journal of Advertising Research. 2018; 58(3): 338
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127 An after-school intervention targeting executive function and visuospatial skills also improves classroom behavior
Laura L. Brock,William M. Murrah,Elizabeth A. Cottone,Andrew J. Mashburn,David W. Grissmer
International Journal of Behavioral Development. 2018; 42(5): 474
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128 A Liftless Intervention to Prevent Preterm Birth and Low Birthweight Among Pregnant Ghanaian Women: Protocol of a Stepped-Wedge Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial
Emma Kwegyir-Afful,Jos Verbeek,Lydia Aziato,Joseph D Seffah,Kimmo Räsänen
JMIR Research Protocols. 2018; 7(8): e10095
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129 WELCOME: improving WEight controL and CO-Morbidities in children with obesity via Executive function training: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Tiffany Naets,Leentje Vervoort,Marijke Ysebaert,Annelies Van Eyck,Stijn Verhulst,Luc Bruyndonckx,Benedicte De Winter,Kim Van Hoorenbeeck,Ann Tanghe,Caroline Braet
BMC Public Health. 2018; 18(1)
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130 A confirmatory study on the efficacy of dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane dHACM allograft in the management of diabetic foot ulcers: A prospective, multicentre, randomised, controlled study of 110 patients from 14 wound clinics
William Tettelbach,Shawn Cazzell,Alexander M Reyzelman,Felix Sigal,Joseph M Caporusso,Patrick S Agnew
International Wound Journal. 2018;
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131 Te Whanau Pou Toru: a Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) of a Culturally Adapted Low-Intensity Variant of the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program for Indigenous Maori Families in New Zealand
Louise J. Keown,Matthew R. Sanders,Nike Franke,Matthew Shepherd
Prevention Science. 2018;
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132 Baclofen: its effectiveness in reducing harmful drinking, craving, and negative mood. A meta-analysis
Abigail K. Rose,Andrew Jones
Addiction. 2018;
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133 Investigating the Impact of Hearing Aid Use and Auditory Training on Cognition, Depressive Symptoms, and Social Interaction in Adults With Hearing Loss: Protocol for a Crossover Trial
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JMIR Research Protocols. 2018; 7(3): e85
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134 The key role of positive parenting and children’s temperament in post-institutionalized children’s socio-emotional adjustment after adoption placement. A RCT study
Lavinia Barone,Yagmur Ozturk,Francesca Lionetti
Social Development. 2018;
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135 Impact of Medicaid Managed Care on Illinoisæs Acute Health Services Expenditures for Adults With Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Kiyoshi Yamaki,Coady Wing,Dale Mitchell,Randall Owen,Tamar Heller
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136 The Impact of Time of Mobilization After Split Thickness Skin Graft on Lower Extremity Wound Healing—Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Helene Retrouvey,Annie Wang,Joseph Corkum,Shahriar Shahrokhi
Journal of Burn Care & Research. 2018;
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137 Pilot Randomized Trial of an Automated Smoking Cessation Intervention via Mobile Phone Text Messages as an Adjunct to Varenicline in Primary Care
Jessica M. Yingst,Susan Veldheer,Shari Hrabovsky,Erin Hammett,James Nicholson,Arthur Berg,Jonathan Foulds
Journal of Health Communication. 2018; : 1
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138 Mechanical suppression of osteolytic bone metastases in advanced breast cancer patients: a randomised controlled study protocol evaluating safety, feasibility and preliminary efficacy of exercise as a targeted medicine
Nicolas H. Hart,Daniel A. Galvão,Christobel Saunders,Dennis R. Taaffe,Kynan T. Feeney,Nigel A. Spry,Daphne Tsoi,Hilary Martin,Raphael Chee,Tim Clay,Andrew D. Redfern,Robert U. Newton
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139 Value-entanglement and the integrity of scientific research
David B. Resnik,Kevin C. Elliott
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A. 2018;
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140 Physical Activity Intervention for Loneliness (PAIL) in community-dwelling older adults: protocol for a feasibility study
Anastasia V. Shvedko,Janice L. Thompson,Carolyn A. Greig,Anna C. Whittaker
Pilot and Feasibility Studies. 2018; 4(1)
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141 Arthroscopic Surgery or Physical Therapy for Patients With Femoroacetabular Impingement Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Trial With 2-Year Follow-up
Nancy S. Mansell,Daniel I. Rhon,John Meyer,John M. Slevin,Bryant G. Marchant
The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2018; 46(6): 1306
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142 Targeting cervical cancer campaigns on teenage high schoolers in resource-limited economies: lessons from an intervention study of Nigerian senior secondary school girls
Chris O Ifediora,Emmanuel C Azuike
Family Practice. 2018;
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143 Estimation of causal effects in clinical endpoint bioequivalence studies in the presence of intercurrent events: noncompliance and missing data
Yiyue Lou,Michael P. Jones,Wanjie Sun
Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics. 2018; : 1
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144 Effectiveness of an app-based intervention for unintentional injury among caregivers of preschoolers: protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial
Peishan Ning,Bo Chen,Peixia Cheng,Yang Yang,David C. Schwebel,Renhe Yu,Jing Deng,Shukun Li,Guoqing Hu
BMC Public Health. 2018; 18(1)
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145 “Being a bully isn’t very cool…”: Rap & Sing Music Therapy for enhanced emotional self-regulation in an adolescent school setting – a randomized controlled trial
Sylka Uhlig,Erik Jansen,Erik Scherder
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146 Meta-analysis comparing upfront surgery with neoadjuvant treatment in patients with resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer
E. Versteijne,J. A. Vogel,M. G. Besselink,O. R. C. Busch,J. W. Wilmink,J. G. Daams,C. H. J. van Eijck,B. Groot Koerkamp,C. R. N. Rasch,G. van Tienhoven
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147 Electronic health record tools to assist with children’s insurance coverage: a mixed methods study
Jennifer E. DeVoe,Megan Hoopes,Christine A. Nelson,Deborah J. Cohen,Aleksandra Sumic,Jennifer Hall,Heather Angier,Miguel Marino,Jean P. O’Malley,Rachel Gold
BMC Health Services Research. 2018; 18(1)
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148 Statistical Basic Steps to Be Considered on Planning a Research
Cristina Pires Camargo,Rolf Gemperli
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open. 2018; 6(4): e1718
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149 Periodontal regenerative therapy for preventing bone defects distal to mandibular second molars after surgical removal of impacted third molars. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
Octavi Camps-Font,Cristina Caro-Bonfill,Maria Àngels Sánchez-Garcés,Cosme Gay-Escoda
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 2018;
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150 Neural connectivity during affect labeling predicts treatment response to psychological therapies for social anxiety disorder
Katherine S. Young,Richard T. LeBeau,Andrea N. Niles,Kean J. Hsu,Lisa J. Burklund,Bita Mesri,Darby Saxbe,Matthew D. Lieberman,Michelle G. Craske
Journal of Affective Disorders. 2018;
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151 Dairy matrix effects: response to consumption of dairy fat differs when eaten within the cheese matrix—a randomized controlled trial
Emma L Feeney,Rebecca Barron,Victoria Dible,Zita Hamilton,Yvonne Power,Linda Tanner,Cal Flynn,Paul Bouchier,Tom Beresford,Nessa Noronha,Eileen R Gibney
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2018;
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152 Treatment of Neuroblastoma with a Novel Delayed Intensification Chemotherapy
Yu-tong Zhang,Jian Chang,Hong-mei Xu,Ya-nan Li,Xiao-dan Zhong,Zi-ling Liu
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2018;
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153 Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder Group Visits Improve Parental Emotional Health and Perceptions of Child Behavior
Nerissa S. Bauer,Paula D. Sullivan,Dorota Szczepaniak,Sarah M. Stelzner,Amy Pottenger,Susan Ofner,Stephen M. Downs,Aaron E. Carroll
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 2018; : 1
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154 Exploratory study examining the at-home feasibility of a wearable tool for social-affective learning in children with autism
Jena Daniels,Jessey N. Schwartz,Catalin Voss,Nick Haber,Azar Fazel,Aaron Kline,Peter Washington,Carl Feinstein,Terry Winograd,Dennis P. Wall
npj Digital Medicine. 2018; 1(1)
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155 Does use of the LUCAS device improve mortality in adult patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest?
Rob Fenwick
Emergency Nurse. 2018;
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156 Plate fixation compared with nonoperative treatment of displaced midshaft clavicular fractures: a randomized clinical trial
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The Bone & Joint Journal. 2018; 100-B(10): 1385
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157 A Plant-Based Dietary Intervention Improves Beta-Cell Function and Insulin Resistance in Overweight Adults: A 16-Week Randomized Clinical Trial
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158 Reframing the approach to patients with hepatocellular carcinoma: Longitudinal assessment with hazard associated with liver transplantation for HCC (HALTHCC) improves ablate and wait strategy
Daniel J. Firl,Shoko Kimura,John McVey,Koji Hashimoto,Heidi Yeh,Charles M. Miller,James F. Markmann,Kazunari Sasaki,Federico N. Aucejo
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159 The Effectiveness of a Smartphone Application on Modifying the Intakes of Macro and Micronutrients in Primary Care: A Randomized Controlled Trial. The EVIDENT II Study
Jose Recio-Rodriguez,Cristina Agudo Conde,Maria Calvo-Aponte,Natividad Gonzalez-Viejo,Carmen Fernandez-Alonso,Nere Mendizabal-Gallastegui,Beatriz Rodriguez-Martin,Jose Maderuelo-Fernandez,Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez,Manuel Gomez-Marcos,Luis Garcia-Ortiz
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160 Test-retest reliability of physiotherapists using the action research arm test in chronic stroke
Polykarpos Angelos Nomikos,Nicola Spence,Mansour Abdullah Alshehri
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161 Effect of Huaier granule on recurrence after curative resection of HCC: a multicentre, randomised clinical trial
Qian Chen,Chang Shu,Arian D Laurence,Yan Chen,Bao-Gang Peng,Zuo-Jun Zhen,Jian-Qiang Cai,Yi-Tao Ding,Le-Qun Li,Yu-Bao Zhang,Qi-Chang Zheng,Ge-Liang Xu,Bo Li,Wei-Ping Zhou,Shou-Wang Cai,Xi-Yan Wang,Hao Wen,Xin-Yu Peng,Xue-Wen Zhang,Chao-Liu Dai,Ping Bie,Bao-Cai Xing,Zhi-Ren Fu,Lian-Xin Liu,Yi Mu,Ling Zhang,Qi-Shun Zhang,Bin Jiang,Hai-Xin Qian,Yi-Jun Wang,Jing-Feng Liu,Xi-Hu Qin,Qiang Li,Ping Yin,Zhi-Wei Zhang,Xiao-Ping Chen
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162 A constructive–critical response to The All-Party Arts, Health and Wellbeing Parliamentary Group report Creative Health: the Arts for Health and Wellbeing (July 2017)
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163 A novel complete-case analysis to determine statistical significance between treatments in an intention-to-treat population of randomized clinical trials involving missing data
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164 Intensive home treatment for patients in acute psychiatric crisis situations: a multicentre randomized controlled trial
Jurgen Cornelis,Ansam Barakat,Jack Dekker,Tessy Schut,Sandra Berk,Hans Nusselder,Nikander Ruhl,Jeroen Zoeteman,Rien Van,Aartjan Beekman,Matthijs Blankers
BMC Psychiatry. 2018; 18(1)
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165 Trunk Exercises Improve Gait Symmetry in Parkinson Disease
Ryan P. Hubble,Geraldine Naughton,Peter A. Silburn,Michael H. Cole
American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. 2018; 97(3): 151
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166 Psychoeducational Intervention for Symptom Management of Fatigue, Pain and Sleep Disturbance Cluster among Cancer Patients: A Pilot Quasi-experimental Study
Ly Thuy Nguyen,Kimberly Alexander,Patsy Yates
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2018;
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167 Technology Adoption by Older Adults: Findings From the PRISM Trial
Tracy L Mitzner,Jyoti Savla,Walter R Boot,Joseph Sharit,Neil Charness,Sara J Czaja,Wendy A Rogers
The Gerontologist. 2018;
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168 Association of Statin Use With Mortality After Dialysis-Requiring Acute Kidney Injury: A Population-Based Cohort Study
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169 Resilience-Based Intervention With Underserved Children: Impact on Self-Regulation in a Randomized Clinical Trial in Schools
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International Journal of Group Psychotherapy. 2018; : 1
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170 Study design and protocol for a culturally adapted cognitive behavioral stress and self-management intervention for localized prostate cancer: The Encuentros de Salud study
Frank J. Penedo,Michael H. Antoni,Patricia I. Moreno,Lara Traeger,Dolores Perdomo,Jason Dahn,Gregory E. Miller,Steve Cole,Julian Orjuela,Edgar Pizarro,Betina Yanez
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171 Does Armodafinil Improve Driving Task Performance and Weight Loss in Sleep Apnea? A Randomized Trial
Julia L. Chapman,Elizabeth A. Cayanan,Camilla M. Hoyos,Yasmina Serinel,Maria Comas,Brendon J. Yee,Keith K. H. Wong,Ronald R. Grunstein,Nathaniel S. Marshall
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2018; 198(7): 941
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172 Long-term effects of filmed social contact or internet-based self-study on mental health-related stigma: a 2-year follow-up of a randomised controlled trial
Sosei Yamaguchi,Yasutaka Ojio,Shuntaro Ando,Peter Bernick,Kazusa Ohta,Kei-ichiro Watanabe,Graham Thornicroft,Takuma Shiozawa,Shinsuke Koike
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173 Gender-informed psycho-educational programme to promote respectful relationships and reduce postpartum common mental disorders among primiparous women: long-term follow-up of participants in a community-based cluster randomised controlled trial
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Global Mental Health. 2018; 5
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174 Clinical evaluation of non-surgical cleaning modalities on titanium dental implants during maintenance care: a 1-year follow-up on prosthodontic superstructures
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Clinical Oral Investigations. 2018;
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175 The effects of specialized treatment on the recidivism of juvenile sex offenders: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Heather Hensman Kettrey,Mark W. Lipsey
Journal of Experimental Criminology. 2018;
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176 Effects of laying on of hands with and without a spiritual context on pain and functionality of older women with knee osteoarthritis: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Katy Andrade Monteiro Zacaron,Nélia da Silva Mendes,Yuri Cotta e Silva,Giancarlo Lucchetti
Journal of Integrative Medicine. 2018;
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177 A randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation of intraoperative cell salvage during caesarean section in women at risk of haemorrhage: the SALVO (cell SALVage in Obstetrics) trial
Khalid S Khan,Philip Moore,Matthew Wilson,Richard Hooper,Shubha Allard,Ian Wrench,Tracy Roberts,Carol McLoughlin,Lee Beresford,James Geoghegan,Jane Daniels,Sue Catling,Vicki A Clark,Paul Ayuk,Stephen Robson,Fang Gao-Smith,Matthew Hogg,Louise Jackson,Doris Lanz,Julie Dodds
Health Technology Assessment. 2018; 22(2): 1
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178 The South African Rea Phela Health Study: A randomized controlled trial of communication retention strategies
James M. Rhyne,Alexandra Mumbauer,Paul Rheeder,Megan N. Hall,Jeanine Genkinger,Andrew Medina-Marino,Charbel El Bcheraoui
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179 The Effects of Mindfulness Meditation on Hope and Stress
Ricky T. Munoz,Steve Hoppes,Chan M. Hellman,Kara L. Brunk,Jedidiah E. Bragg,Carissa Cummins
Research on Social Work Practice. 2018; 28(6): 696
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180 Modifying the Impact of Eveningness Chronotype (‘Night-Owls’) in Youth: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Allison G. Harvey,Kerrie Hein,Michael Dolsen,Lu Dong,Sophia Rabe-Hesketh,Nicole B. Gumport,Jennifer Kanady,James K. Wyatt,Stephen P. Hinshaw,Jennifer S. Silk,Rita L. Smith,Monique A. Thompson,Nancee Zannone,Daniel Jin Blum
Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2018;
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181 The Short Run Impact of Penalty Rate Cuts on Employment Outcomes in Retail and Hospitality Sectors in Australia
Martin OæBrien,Raymond Markey,Eduardo Pol
Economic Papers: A journal of applied economics and policy. 2018;
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182 Review: Yoga and mindfulness for youth with autism spectrum disorder: review of the current evidence
Randye J. Semple
Child and Adolescent Mental Health. 2018;
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183 Increasing influenza vaccine uptake in children: A randomised controlled trial
Karene Hoi Ting Yeung,Marie Tarrant,Kate Ching Ching Chan,Wing Hung Tam,E. Anthony S. Nelson
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184 Effectiveness of digital resuscitation training in improving knowledge and skills: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
Ying Lau,Raphael Song Sue Nyoe,Suei Nee Wong,Zulkarnain Bin Ab Hamid,Benjamin Sieu-Hon Leong,Siew Tiang Lau
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185 Does providing inmates with education improve postrelease outcomes? A meta-analysis of correctional education programs in the United States
Robert Bozick,Jennifer Steele,Lois Davis,Susan Turner
Journal of Experimental Criminology. 2018;
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186 A randomized controlled trial of orthodontist-based brief advice to prevent child obesity
Melbourne F. Hovell,Katharine E. Schmitz,Sandy Liles,Kristi Robusto,C. Richard Hofstetter,Jeanne F. Nichols,Cheryl L. Rock,Veronica Irvin,Melanie S. Parker,Santiago A. Surillo,David Noel
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187 Fecal transplantation for treatment of inflammatory bowel disease
Aamer Imdad,Maribeth R Nicholson,Emily E Tanner-Smith,Joseph P Zackular,Oscar G Gomez-Duarte,Dawn B Beaulieu,Sari Acra
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2018;
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188 Memory Strategy Training in Older Adults with Subjective Memory Complaints: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Nikita L. Frankenmolen,Eduard J. Overdorp,Luciano Fasotti,Jurgen A.H.R. Claassen,Roy P.C. Kessels,Joukje M. Oosterman
Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. 2018; 24(10): 1110
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189 Does walking protect against decline in cognitive functioning among breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy? Results from a small randomised controlled trial
Kajal Gokal,Fehmidah Munir,Samreen Ahmed,Kiran Kancherla,Deborah Wallis,Jacobus P. van Wouwe
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190 Reaching rural veterans: a new mechanism to connect rural, low-income US Veterans with resources and improve food security
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191 A Pilot RCT Investigating the Effects of Targeted Compression on Athletes With Pelvic/Groin Pain
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192 A pilot randomized controlled trial on the impact of text messaging check-ins and a web-based asthma action plan versus a written action plan on asthma exacerbations
Iraj Poureslami,Jessica Shum,Richard T. Lester,Hamid Tavakoli,Delbert R. Dorscheid,J. Mark FitzGerald
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193 Effect of a Mobile Phone Intervention on Quitting Smoking in a Young Adult Population of Smokers: Randomized Controlled Trial
Neill Bruce Baskerville,Laura Louise Struik,Godefroy Emmanuel Guindon,Cameron D Norman,Robyn Whittaker,Catherine Burns,David Hammond,Darly Dash,K Stephen Brown
JMIR mHealth and uHealth. 2018; 6(10): e10893
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194 Reply to the letter to the editor ‘ESMO-MCBS v1.1: statistical and patient relevant shortcomings’ by Emprechtinger et al.
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195 Motivational Interviewing Case Management (MICM) for Persons on Probation or Parole Entering Sober Living Houses
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Criminal Justice and Behavior. 2018; 45(11): 1634
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196 Nudging people with Type 2 diabetes towards better self-management through personalized risk communication: A pilot randomized controlled trial in primary care
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197 Linguistic processing and Script-Driven Imagery for trauma exposure: A proof of concept pilot trial
Lily A. Brown,Carolyn D. Davies,Alexander Gerlach,Ruth Cooper,Stephan Stevens,Michelle G. Craske
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198 Comparative impact of two continuing education activities targeted at COPD educators on educational outcomes: protocol for a non-randomized controlled study using mixed methods
Myriam Gagné,Jocelyne Moisan,Sophie Lauzier,Christine Hamel,Patricia Côté,Jean Bourbeau,Louis-Philippe Boulet
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199 An Open Trial of Parent–Child Care (PC-CARE)-A 6-Week Dyadic Parenting Intervention for Children with Externalizing Behavior Problems
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200 Outcomes of an integrated care pathway for concurrent major depressive and alcohol use disorders: a multisite prospective cohort study
Andriy V. Samokhvalov,Charlotte Probst,Saima Awan,Tony P. George,Bernard Le Foll,Peter Voore,Jürgen Rehm
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201 Using Technology to Enhance Teaching of Patient-Centered Interviewing for Early Medical Students
Stacey Kaltman,Nicholas Talisman,Susan Pennestri,Eleri Syverson,Paige Arthur,Yianna Vovides
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202 Effectiveness of deltamethrin-impregnated dog collars on the incidence of canine infection by Leishmania infantum: A large scale intervention study in an endemic area in Brazil
Wendel Coura-Vital,Gleisiane Gomes de Almeida Leal,Luana Araújo Marques,Aimara da Costa Pinheiro,Mariângela Carneiro,Alexandre Barbosa Reis,Knut Stieger
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203 An integrative review of acupressure interventions for older people: A focus on sleep quality, depression, anxiety, and agitation
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204 A Randomised Controlled Trial of a Brief Online Mindfulness-Based Intervention in a Non-clinical Population: Replication and Extension
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205 Neurofeedback and the Neural Representation of Self: Lessons From Awake State and Sleep
Andreas A. Ioannides
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206 The Impact of Care Specialty on Survival-Adjusted Medical Costs of COPD Patients After a Hospitalization: a longitudinal analysis
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207 Adherence and Attrition in Fall Prevention Exercise Programs for Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
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208 Sustained impact of the “Healthy Habits, Healthy Girls – Brazil” school-based randomized controlled trial for adolescents living in low-income communities
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209 Role of smoking intention in tobacco use reduction: A mediation analysis of an effective classroom-based prevention/cessation intervention for adolescents
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Addictive Behaviors. 2018;
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210 The Protecting Strong African American Families Program: a Randomized Controlled Trial with Rural African American Couples
Allen W. Barton,Steven R. H. Beach,Ashley C. Wells,Justin B. Ingels,Phaedra S. Corso,Megan C. Sperr,Tracy N. Anderson,Gene H. Brody
Prevention Science. 2018;
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211 Comparative effectiveness of family problem-solving therapy (F-PST) for adolescents after traumatic brain injury: Protocol for a randomized, multicenter, clinical trial
Brad G. Kurowski,Terry Stancin,H. Gerry Taylor,Kelly A. McNally,Michael W. Kirkwood,Amy Cassedy,Eileen King,McKenna Sklut,Megan E. Narad,Shari L. Wade
Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications. 2018; 10: 111
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212 Family-based treatment with cognitive behavioural therapy for anorexia
Kim Hurst,Melanie Zimmer-Gembeck
Clinical Psychologist. 2018;
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213 A Cluster Randomized-Controlled Trial of the Impact of the Tools of the Mind Curriculum on Self-Regulation in Canadian Preschoolers
Tracy Solomon,Andre Plamondon,Arland O’Hara,Heather Finch,Geraldine Goco,Peter Chaban,Lorrie Huggins,Bruce Ferguson,Rosemary Tannock
Frontiers in Psychology. 2018; 8
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214 Attention bias modification training for adolescents with chronic pain
Lauren C. Heathcote,Konrad Jacobs,Dimitri M.L. Van Ryckeghem,Emma Fisher,Christopher Eccleston,Elaine Fox,Jennifer Y.F. Lau
PAIN. 2018; 159(2): 239
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215 1-Year Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Primary Angioplasty for Myocardial Infarction Treated With Prasugrel Versus Ticagrelor
Zuzana Motovska,Ota Hlinomaz,Petr Kala,Milan Hromadka,Jiri Knot,Ivo Varvarovsky,Jaroslav Dusek,Jiri Jarkovsky,Roman Miklik,Richard Rokyta,Frantisek Tousek,Petra Kramarikova,Michal Svoboda,Bohumil Majtan,Stanislav Simek,Marian Branny,Jan Mrozek,Pavel Cervinka,Jiri Ostransky,Petr Widimsky
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216 On doing relevant and rigorous experiments: Review and recommendations
Sirio Lonati,Bernardo F. Quiroga,Christian Zehnder,John Antonakis
Journal of Operations Management. 2018; 64(1): 19
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217 Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training Versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training On Blood Pressure in Adults with Pre- to Established Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials
Eduardo Caldas Costa,Jacqueline L. Hay,Dustin S. Kehler,Kevin F. Boreskie,Rakesh C. Arora,Daniel Umpierre,Andrea Szwajcer,Todd A. Duhamel
Sports Medicine. 2018;
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218 Re: Jean-Philippe Lucot, Michel Cosson, Georges Bader, et al. Safety of Vaginal Mesh Surgery Versus Laparoscopic Mesh Sacropexy for Cystocele Repair: Results of the Prosthetic Pelvic Floor Repair Randomized Controlled Trial. Eur Urol. In press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2018.01.044
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European Urology. 2018;
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219 Nivolumab versus ipilimumab in the treatment of advanced melanoma: a critical appraisal
M.T. Wan,M.E. Ming
British Journal of Dermatology. 2018;
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220 Meta-Analysis of the Efficacy of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for Social Anxiety
Rachel K. Chesham,John M. Malouff,Nicola S. Schutte
Behaviour Change. 2018; : 1
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221 Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Integrative Group Treatment Protocol (EMDR-IGTP) Applied to Caregivers of Patients With Dementia
Serena Passoni,Teresa Curinga,Alessio Toraldo,Manuela Berlingeri,Isabel Fernandez,Gabriella Bottini
Frontiers in Psychology. 2018; 9
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222 Outcomes of infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia treated with Venovenous versus Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: a propensity score approach
Yigit S. Guner,Matthew T. Harting,Kelly Fairbairn,Patrick T. Delaplain,Lishi Zhang,Yanjun Chen,Mustafa H. Kabeer,Peter Yu,John P. Cleary,James E. Stein,Charles Stolar,Danh V. Nguyen
Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 2018;
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223 Evaluating the effects of copper supplement during pregnancy on premature rupture of membranes and pregnancy outcome; some statistical issues; reply to Dr. Abbas
Kashanian Maryam,Faghankhani Masoomeh,Hadizadeh Hasti
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine. 2018; : 1
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224 A randomized controlled trial of the ketogenic diet in refractory childhood epilepsy
D. A. J. E. Lambrechts,R. J. A. de Kinderen,J. S. H. Vles,A. J. A. de Louw,A. P. Aldenkamp,H. J. M. Majoie
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica. 2018; 137(1): 152
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225 A randomized controlled trial of the ketogenic diet in refractory childhood epilepsy
H. Padmanabha,R. Suthar,N. Sankhyan
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica. 2018; 137(1): 151
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226 Beyond RCTs: Innovations in research design and methods to advance implementation science
Megan E. Schliep,Crystle N. Alonzo,Megan A. Morris
Evidence-Based Communication Assessment and Intervention. 2018; : 1
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227 Importance of implementation level when evaluating the effect of the Hi Five Intervention on infectious illness and illness-related absenteeism
Anne Maj Denbæk,Anette Andersen,Lotus Sofie Bast,Camilla Thørring Bonnesen,Annette Kjær Ersbøll,Pernille Due,Anette Johansen
American Journal of Infection Control. 2018;
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228 Telephone care co-ordination for tobacco cessation: randomised trials testing proactive versus reactive models
Scott E Sherman,Paul Krebs,Laura S York,Sharon E Cummins,Ware Kuschner,Sebnem Guvenc-Tuncturk,Shu-Hong Zhu
Tobacco Control. 2018; 27(1): 78
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229 Feasibility and efficacy of an attachment-based intervention in a maltreatment sample in residential care: A pilot study
Marta Casonato,Sarah Nazzari,Alessandra Frigerio
Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2017; 22(4): 561
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230 Health-related quality of life among older patients following an emergency department visit and emergency department-to-home coaching intervention: A randomized controlled trial
Allyson G Hall,Jessica R Schumacher,Babette Brumback,Jeffrey S Harman,Barbara J Lutz,Phyllis Hendry,Donna Carden
International Journal of Care Coordination. 2017; 20(4): 162
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231 The Use of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy to Promote Mental Health and School Engagement in University Students: A Multisite Randomized Controlled Trial
Simon Grégoire,Lise Lachance,Thérèse Bouffard,Frédérick Dionne
Behavior Therapy. 2017;
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232 Intermittent energy restriction improves weight loss efficiency in obese men: the MATADOR study
N M Byrne,A Sainsbury,N A King,A P Hills,R E Wood
International Journal of Obesity. 2017;
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233 Efficacy of an adaptation of the Best Possible Self intervention implemented through positive technology: a randomized control trial
Ángel Enrique,Juana Bretón-López,Guadalupe Molinari,Rosa M. Baños,Cristina Botella
Applied Research in Quality of Life. 2017;
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234 The use of case management for community-dwelling older people: the effects on loneliness, symptoms of depression and life satisfaction in a randomised controlled trial
Elin Taube,Jimmie Kristensson,Patrik Midlöv,Ulf Jakobsson
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. 2017;
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235 Systematic review of the association between physical activity and burnout
Lea M. Naczenski,Juriena D. de Vries,Madelon L. M. van Hooff,Michiel A. J. Kompier
Journal of Occupational Health. 2017; 59(6): 477
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236 Using Lean Quality Improvement Tools to Increase Delivery of Evidence-Based Tobacco Use Treatment in Hospitalized Neurosurgical Patients
Laurel Sisler,Oluwaseun Omofoye,Karina Paci,Eldad Hadar,Adam O. Goldstein,Carol Ripley-Moffitt
The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety. 2017; 43(12): 633
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237 Change and dispersion of QT interval during treatment with quetiapine extended release versus aripiprazole in children and adolescents with first-episode psychosis: results from the TEA trial
Karsten Gjessing Jensen,Stefan Gärtner,Christoph U. Correll,Ditte Rudå,Dea Gowers Klauber,Marie Stentebjerg-Olesen,Birgitte Fagerlund,Jens Richardt Jepsen,Anders Fink-Jensen,Klaus Juul,Anne Katrine Pagsberg
Psychopharmacology. 2017;
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238 “Active Team” a social and gamified app-based physical activity intervention: randomised controlled trial study protocol
Sarah Edney,Ronald Plotnikoff,Corneel Vandelanotte,Tim Olds,Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij,Jillian Ryan,Carol Maher
BMC Public Health. 2017; 17(1)
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239 The Impact of Family-Centered Prevention on Self-Regulation and Subsequent Long-Term Risk in Emerging Adults
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Prevention Science. 2017;
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240 Improving school performance among Swedish foster children: A quasi-experimental study exploring outcomes of the Skolfam model
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Children and Youth Services Review. 2017;
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241 A non-randomised pragmatic trial of a school-based group cognitive-behavioural programme for preventing depression in girls
Heléne Zetterström Dahlqvist,Evelina Landstedt,Ylva B Almqvist,Katja Gillander Gådin
International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2017; 76(1): 1396146
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242 Wound healing outcomes: Using big data and a modified intent-to-treat method as a metric for reporting healing rates
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Wound Repair and Regeneration. 2017;
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243 Performance of automated activity monitoring systems used in combination with timed artificial insemination compared to timed artificial insemination only in early lactation in dairy cows
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244 Lessons Learned from Large-Scale Randomized Experiments
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245 Designing clinical studies in orthopedic traumatology
D.M. Rouleau
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246 Per-Protocol Analyses of Pragmatic Trials
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New England Journal of Medicine. 2017; 377(14): 1391
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247 Comparison between intra-articular ozone and placebo in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study
Carlos César Lopes de Jesus,Fânia Cristina dos Santos,Luciana Maria Oliveira Bueno de Jesus,Iara Monteiro,Maria Sonia Sousa Castro Sant’Ana,Virginia Fernandes Moça Trevisani,Jan P. A. Baak
PLOS ONE. 2017; 12(7): e0179185
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248 Focused breastfeeding counselling improves short- and long-term success in an early-discharge setting: A cluster-randomized study
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249 Accounting for Uncertainty in Decision Analytic Models Using Rank Preserving Structural Failure Time Modeling: Application to Parametric Survival Models
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Value in Health. 2017;
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250 "The Role of Phacoemulsification in Glaucoma Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis”
Marisse Masis,Patrick J. Mineault,Eileen Phan,Shan C. Lin
Survey of Ophthalmology. 2017;
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251 Fecal transplantation for treatment of inflammatory bowel disease
Aamer Imdad,Maribeth R Nicholson,Emily E Tanner-Smith,Joseph P Zackular,Oscar Gomez-Duarte,Dawn M Borromeo Beaulieu,Sari Acra
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252 Effectiveness of a universal classroom-based preventive intervention (PAX GBG): A research protocol for a matched-pair cluster-randomized controlled trial
Karin Streimann,Aire Trummal,Kai Klandorf,Kirsti Akkermann,Merike Sisask,Karmen Toros,Anne Selart
Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications. 2017; 8: 75
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253 Jigsaw Puzzles As Cognitive Enrichment (PACE) - the effect of solving jigsaw puzzles on global visuospatial cognition in adults 50 years of age and older: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
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254 Ineffectiveness of commercial weight-loss programs for achieving modest but meaningful weight loss: Systematic review and meta-analysis
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Journal of Health Psychology. 2017; 22(12): 1614
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255 Psycho-educational intervention on mood in patients suffering from colorectal and anal cancer: A randomized controlled trial
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Nordic Journal of Nursing Research. 2017; 37(3): 135
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256 Long-term endurance training improves general health perception in multiple sclerosis patients with fatigue: results of an exploratory study
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Sport Sciences for Health. 2017;
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257 Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention for Methadone Maintenance: A Feasibility Trial
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The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2017;
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258 Enhanced self-efficacy after a self-management programme in pituitary disease: a randomized controlled trial
Cornelie D Andela,Han Repping-Wuts,Nike M M L Stikkelbroeck,Mathilde C Pronk,Jitske Tiemensma,Ad R Hermus,Adrian A Kaptein,Alberto M Pereira,Noelle G A Kamminga,Nienke R Biermasz
European Journal of Endocrinology. 2017; 177(1): 59
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259 Effectiveness of a motionless ultrasonic toothbrush in reducing plaque and gingival inflammation in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances
Thayika Saruttichart,Pintu-on Chantarawaratit,Chalermpol Leevailoj,Panida Thanyasrisung,Waranuch Pitiphat,Oranart Matangkasombut
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260 Web- and text-based interventions for smoking cessation: Meta-analysis and meta-regression
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Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy. 2017; : 1
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261 Effects of mind-body interventions on depressive symptoms among older Chinese adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis
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262 Complex self-management interventions in chronic disease unravelled: a review of lessons learned from an individual patient data meta-analysis
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263 Attrition in trials evaluating complex interventions for schizophrenia: Systematic review and meta-analysis
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264 The feeling of discomfort during vaginal examination, history of abuse and sexual abuse and post-traumatic stress disorder in women
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265 Health promotion and preventive care intervention for older community-dwelling people: Long-term effects of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) within the LUCAS cohort
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266 Strategic Resource Use for Learning: A Self-Administered Intervention That Guides Self-Reflection on Effective Resource Use Enhances Academic Performance
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267 Impact of Narrative Expressive Writing on Heart Rate, Heart Rate Variability, and Blood Pressure After Marital Separation
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268 Ten Important Considerations for Ovarian Cancer Screening
Edward Pavlik
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269 Effectiveness of family group conferencing in preventing repeat referrals to child protective services and out-of-home placements
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270 The effect of tinnitus retraining therapy on chronic tinnitus: A controlled trial
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271 Electronic-based lifestyle interventions in overweight or obese perinatal women: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Y. Lau,P. Klainin-Yobas,T. P. Htun,S. N. Wong,K. L. Tan,S. T. Ho-Lim,C. Chi,C. Tsai,K. W. Ong,S. Shorey,W. S. W. Tam
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272 A randomized clinical trial of a human acellular dermal matrix demonstrated superior healing rates for chronic diabetic foot ulcers over conventional care and an active acellular dermal matrix comparator
Shawn Cazzell,Dean Vayser,Hau Pham,Jodi Walters,Alexander Reyzelman,Brian Samsell,Kimberly Dorsch,Mark Moore
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273 A multimodal day treatment program for multi-problem young adults: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Marie-Jolette A. Luijks,Floor Bevaart,Josjan Zijlmans,Laura van Duin,Reshmi Marhe,Theo A. H. Doreleijers,Henning Tiemeier,Jessica J. Asscher,Arne Popma
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274 The XprESS Multi-Sinus Dilation System for the Treatment of Chronic Sinusitis: A NICE Medical Technology Guidance
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Applied Health Economics and Health Policy. 2017;
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275 Dancing for Parkinson Disease: A Randomized Trial of Irish Set Dancing Compared With Usual Care
Joanne Shanahan,Meg E. Morris,Orfhlaith Ni Bhriain,Daniele Volpe,Tim Lynch,Amanda M. Clifford
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2017;
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276 Second-Order Peer Reviews of Clinically Relevant Articles for the Physiatrist
Byron J. Schneider,David J. Kennedy,Dinesh Kumbhare
American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. 2017; 96(6): e119
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277 Impact of Adding a Decision Aid to Patient Education in Adults with Asthma: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Myriam E. Gagné,France Légaré,Jocelyne Moisan,Louis-Philippe Boulet,Christophe Leroyer
PLOS ONE. 2017; 12(1): e0170055
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278 Elemental diet decreases inflammation and improves symptoms in adult eosinophilic oesophagitis patients
M. J. Warners,B. J. Vlieg-Boerstra,J. Verheij,B. D. van Rhijn,M. T. J. Van Ampting,L. F. Harthoorn,W. J. de Jonge,A. J. P. M. Smout,A. J. Bredenoord
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics. 2017;
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279 Home-Based Parent Child Therapy for Young Traumatized Children Living In Poverty: A Randomized Controlled Trial
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280 A Follow-Up Study from a Multisite, Randomized Controlled Trial for Traumatized Children Receiving TF-CBT
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Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 2017;
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281 La recherche d’effectivité: nature, méthodes et rôle dans la validation des interventions fondées sur les preuves
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282 Cluster randomised controlled trial of a consumer behaviour intervention to improve healthy food purchases from online canteens: study protocol
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BMJ Open. 2017; 7(4): e014569
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283 Non-inferiority trials: No better? No worse? No change? No pain?
Robert K. Hills
British Journal of Haematology. 2017;
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284 Direct provision versus facility collection of HIV self-tests among female sex workers in Uganda: A cluster-randomized controlled health systems trial
Katrina Ortblad,Daniel Kibuuka Musoke,Thomson Ngabirano,Aidah Nakitende,Jonathan Magoola,Prossy Kayiira,Geoffrey Taasi,Leah G. Barresi,Jessica E. Haberer,Margaret A. McConnell,Catherine E. Oldenburg,Till Bärnighausen,Elvin H. Geng
PLOS Medicine. 2017; 14(11): e1002458
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285 The Effects of Home-Based Cognitive Training on Verbal Working Memory and Language Comprehension in Older Adulthood
Brennan R. Payne,Elizabeth A. L. Stine-Morrow
Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 2017; 9
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286 Effectiveness of job rotation for preventing work-related musculoskeletal diseases: a cluster randomised controlled trial
Maria Luiza Caires Comper,Jack Tigh Dennerlein,Gabriela dos Santos Evangelista,Patricia Rodrigues da Silva,Rosimeire Simprini Padula
Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2017; 74(8): 543.1
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287 The influence of 3 months of physical exercises and verbal stimulation on functional efficiency and use of free time in an older population under institutional care: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Agnieszka Wisniowska-Szurlej,Agnieszka Cwirlej-Sozanska,Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszynska,Natalia Milewska,Bernard Sozanski
Trials. 2017; 18(1)
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288 The impact of supplementation with dietary fibers on weight loss: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials
Kia Yong Chew,Iain A. Brownlee
Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre. 2017;
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289 Moving From Efficacy to Effectiveness
Jessica Saunders,Michael Robbins,Allison J. Ober
Criminology & Public Policy. 2017;
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290 Brief Report on the Psychophysiological Effects of a Yoga Intervention for Chronic Stress
Kaitlin N. Harkess,Paul Delfabbro,Jane Mortimer,Zara Hannaford,Sarah Cohen-Woods
Journal of Psychophysiology. 2017; 31(1): 38
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291 Do People With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Benefit From Making Errors? A Randomized Controlled Trial of Error-Based and Errorless Learning
Tamara Ownsworth,Jennifer Fleming,Robyn Tate,Elizabeth Beadle,Janelle Griffin,Melissa Kendall,Julia Schmidt,Amanda Lane-Brown,Mathilde Chevignard,David H. K. Shum
Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 2017; 31(12): 1072
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292 The use of an antioxidant dressing on hard-to-heal wounds: a multicentre, prospective case series
B. Castro,F.D. Bastida,T. Segovia,P. López Casanova,J.J. Soldevilla,J. Verdú-Soriano
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293 A tailored video intervention to reduce smoking and environmental tobacco exposure during and after pregnancy: Rationale, design and methods of Babyæs Breath
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Contemporary Clinical Trials. 2017; 52: 1
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294 Impact of industry collaboration on randomised controlled trials in oncology
Anne Linker,Annie Yang,Nitin Roper,Evans Whitaker,Deborah Korenstein
European Journal of Cancer. 2017; 72: 71
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295 Clinical trial methodology to assess the efficacy/effectiveness of long-acting antipsychotics: Randomized controlled trials vs naturalistic studies
Andrea Fagiolini,Paola Rocca,Serafino De Giorgi,Edoardo Spina,Giovanni Amodeo,Mario Amore
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296 Allopurinol as add-on treatment for mania symptoms in bipolar disorder: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
Francesco Bartoli,Cristina Crocamo,Massimo Clerici,Giuseppe Carrà
The British Journal of Psychiatry. 2017; 210(1): 10
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297 A randomized clinical trial comparing long-term clopidogrel vs aspirin monotherapy beyond dual antiplatelet therapy after drug-eluting coronary stent implantation: Design and rationale of the Harmonizing Optimal Strategy for Treatment of coronary artery stenosis-Extended Antiplatelet Monotherapy (HOST-EXAM) trial
Heesun Lee,Bon-Kwon Koo,Kyung Woo Park,Eun-Seok Shin,Sang Wook Lim,Seung-Woon Rha,Jang-Whan Bae,Dong Woon Jeon,Seok-Kyu Oh,Seung-Ho Hur,Bum-Su Kim,Jung-Hee Lee,Tae-Ho Park,Nam Ho Lee,Hyo-Soo Kim
American Heart Journal. 2017; 185: 17
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298 Feasibility and Acceptability of a Task-Shifted Intervention to Enhance Adherence to HIV Medication and Improve Depression in People Living with HIV in Zimbabwe, a Low Income Country in Sub-Saharan Africa
Melanie Abas,Primrose Nyamayaro,Tarisai Bere,Emily Saruchera,Nomvuyo Mothobi,Victoria Simms,Walter Mangezi,Kirsty Macpherson,Natasha Croome,Jessica Magidson,Azure Makadzange,Steven Safren,Dixon Chibanda,Conall O’Cleirigh
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299 An Experimental Evaluation of the Impact of Intensive Supervision on the Recidivism of High-Risk Probationers
Jordan M. Hyatt,Geoffrey C. Barnes
Crime & Delinquency. 2017; 63(1): 3
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
300 Window to Hope
Lisa A. Brenner,Jeri E. Forster,Adam S. Hoffberg,Bridget B. Matarazzo,Trisha A. Hostetter,Gina Signoracci,Grahame K. Simpson
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. 2017; : 1
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301 Understanding the Mechanisms of Change in a Lifestyle Intervention for Older Adults
Christine Juang,Bob G. Knight,Mike Carlson,Stacey L. Schepens Niemiec,Cheryl Vigen,Florence Clark
The Gerontologist. 2017;
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302 Increasing Physical Activity Through Principles of Habit Formation in New Gym Members: a Randomized Controlled Trial
Navin Kaushal,Ryan E. Rhodes,John C. Spence,John T. Meldrum
Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 2017;
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303 Circle of Security–Parenting: A randomized controlled trial in Head Start
Jude Cassidy,Bonnie E. Brett,Jacquelyn T. Gross,Jessica A. Stern,David R. Martin,Jonathan J. Mohr,Susan S. Woodhouse
Development and Psychopathology. 2017; 29(2): 651
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
304 Evaluation of the impact of disease prevention measures: a methodological note on defining incidence rates
Yin-Bun Cheung,Ying Xu,Matthew Cairns,Paul Milligan
BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2017; 17(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
305 Physical Activity on Prescription (PAP), in patients with metabolic risk factors. A 6-month follow-up study in primary health care
Stefan Lundqvist,Mats Börjesson,Maria E. H. Larsson,Lars Hagberg,Åsa Cider,Yvonne Böttcher
PLOS ONE. 2017; 12(4): e0175190
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306 Clinical and cost effectiveness of nurse-led self-management interventions for patients with copd in primary care: A systematic review
Elizabeth Baker,Francis Fatoye
International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2017; 71: 125
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
307 Ischemic compression and kinesiotherapy on chronic myofascial pain in breast cancer survivors
Flávia Belavenuto Rangon,Vânia Tiê Koga Ferreira,Monique Silva Rezende,Amanda Apolinário,Ana Paula Ferro,Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 2017;
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308 A randomized clinical trial of oral hygiene care programmes during stroke rehabilitation
Ruoxi Dai,Otto L.T. Lam,Edward C.M. Lo,Leonard S.W. Li,Colman McGrath
Journal of Dentistry. 2017;
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309 Long-term abstinence and predictors of tobacco treatment uptake among hospitalized smokers with serious mental illness enrolled in a smoking cessation trial
Erin S. Rogers,Rebecca Friedes,Annika Jakes,Ellie Grossman,Alissa Link,Scott E. Sherman
Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 2017;
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310 A Twelve-Week Moderate Exercise Programme Improved Symptoms of Depression, Insomnia, and Verbal Learning in Post-Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Haemorrhage Patients: A Comparison with Meningioma Patients and Healthy Controls
Flora Colledge,Serge Brand,Uwe Pühse,Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,Stefan Zimmerer,Ramona Schleith,Markus Gerber
Neuropsychobiology. 2017; 76(2): 59
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311 Quality of reporting for randomized controlled trials in the hypospadias literature: where do we stand?
L.H. Braga,M. McGrath,L. Mauro,A.J. Lorenzo
Journal of Pediatric Urology. 2017;
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312 Early introduction of food reduces food allergy - Pro and Con
Debra J. Palmer,Susan L. Prescott,Michael R. Perkin
Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. 2017; 28(3): 214
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
313 Increasing boys’ and girls’ intentions to avoid teenage pregnancy: a cluster randomised controlled feasibility trial of an interactive video drama-based intervention in post-primary schools in Northern Ireland
Maria Lohan,Áine Aventin,Lisa Maguire,Rhonda Curran,Clíona McDowell,Ashley Agus,Cam Donaldson,Mike Clarke,Mark Linden,Carmel Kelly,Lisa McDaid,Laura Dunne,Peter O’Halloran
Public Health Research. 2017; 5(1): 1
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314 Effects of the ABC Intervention on Foster Children’s Receptive Vocabulary: Follow-Up Results From a Randomized Clinical Trial
Kristin Bernard,Amy Hyoeun Lee,Mary Dozier
Child Maltreatment. 2017; 22(2): 174
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315 Outcomes of a Randomized Controlled Trial of Genomic Counseling for Patients Receiving Personalized and Actionable Complex Disease Reports
Kevin Sweet,Amy C. Sturm,Tara Schmidlen,Joseph McElroy,Laura Scheinfeldt,Kandamurugu Manickam,Erynn S. Gordon,Shelly Hovick,J. Scott Roberts,Amanda Ewart Toland,Michael Christman
Journal of Genetic Counseling. 2017;
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316 Feeling Thanks and Saying Thanks: A Randomized Controlled Trial Examining If and How Socially Oriented Gratitude Journals Work
Brenda H. OæConnell,Deirdre OæShea,Stephen Gallagher
Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
317 No additional benefit of using a calcium hydroxide liner during stepwise caries removal
Maria Auxiliadora Pereira,Reginaldo Batista dos Santos-Júnior,Johnny Alexandre Tavares,Alaíde Hermínia Oliveira,Pollyana Caldeira Leal,Wilton Mitsunari Takeshita,Antônio Márcio Barbosa-Júnior,Luiz Eduardo Braga Bertassoni,André Luis Faria-e-Silva
The Journal of the American Dental Association. 2017;
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318 Effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with asthma: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial (EPRA)
Konrad Schultz,Hildegard Seidl,Danijel Jelusic,Rupert Wagner,Michael Wittmann,Hermann Faller,Dennis Nowak,Michael Schuler
BMC Pulmonary Medicine. 2017; 17(1)
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319 Challenges in implementing an exercise intervention within residential psychiatric care: A mixed methods study
Joseph Firth,Rebekah Carney,Michelle Pownall,Paul French,Rebecca Elliott,Jack Cotter,Alison R. Yung
Mental Health and Physical Activity. 2017; 12: 141
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320 Incomplete descriptions of oral nutritional supplement interventions in reports of randomised controlled trials
E. Liljeberg,A. Andersson,E. Lövestam,M. Nydahl
Clinical Nutrition. 2017;
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321 Testing the limits: Extending attachment-based intervention effects to infant cognitive outcome and parental stress
Karine Dubois-Comtois,Chantal Cyr,George M. Tarabulsy,Diane St-Laurent,Annie Bernier,Ellen Moss
Development and Psychopathology. 2017; 29(02): 565
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322 Online Self-Tracking Groups to Increase Fruit and Vegetable Intake: A Small-Scale Study on Mechanisms of Group Effect on Behavior Change
Jingbo Meng,Wei Peng,Soo Yun Shin,Minwoong Chung
Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2017; 19(3): e63
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323 Outcomes of a family-based HIV prevention intervention for substance using juvenile offenders
Marina Tolou-Shams,Emily Dauria,Selby M. Conrad,Kathleen Kemp,Sarah Johnson,Larry K. Brown
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 2017; 77: 115
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324 Formal Physical Therapy After Total Hip Arthroplasty Is Not Required
Matthew S. Austin,Brian T. Urbani,Andrew N. Fleischman,Navin D. Fernando,James J. Purtill,William J. Hozack,Javad Parvizi,Richard H. Rothman
The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 2017; 99(8): 648
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325 The effectiveness of braces and orthoses for patients with knee osteoarthritis: A systematic review of Japanese-language randomised controlled trials
Koya Mine,Takashi Nakayama,Steve Milanese,Karen Grimmer
Prosthetics and Orthotics International. 2017; 41(2): 115
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326 Resistance training prescription with different load-management methods improves phase angle in older women
Alex S. Ribeiro,Brad J. Schoenfeld,Mariana F. Souza,Crisieli M. Tomeleri,Analiza M. Silva,Denílson C. Teixeira,Luís B. Sardinha,Edilson S. Cyrino
European Journal of Sport Science. 2017; : 1
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327 Angiotensin II/Angiotensin (1–7) ratio and 24-h blood pressure throughout the menstrual cycle and in women using oral contraceptives
Gina C. Davis,Karen J. Gibson,David Casley,Mark A. Brown
Journal of Hypertension. 2017; 35(6): 1178
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328 Patient Satisfaction on Overactive Bladder Treatment
Kimberly Tay,Aqsa Khan
Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports. 2017;
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329 Methodological issues in clinical trials of polycystic kidney disease: a focused review
Ioan-Andrei Iliuta,Abhijat Kitchlu,York Pei
Journal of Nephrology. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
330 Exercise as an intervention for first-episode psychosis: a feasibility study
Joseph Firth,Rebekah Carney,Rebecca Elliott,Paul French,Sophie Parker,Rebecca McIntyre,Jamie S. McPhee,Alison R. Yung
Early Intervention in Psychiatry. 2016; : n/a
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331 Study protocol RapMusicTherapy for emotion regulation in a school setting
Sylka Uhlig,Erik Jansen,Erik Scherder
Psychology of Music. 2016; 44(5): 1068
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
332 The effect of supervised and home based exercises on balance in elderly subjects: a randomized controlled trial to prevent falls
Erika Harumi Tanaka,Paulo Ferreira dos Santos,Marcela Fernandes Silva,Priscila Fernanda Figueiredo Borges Botelho,Patrícia Silva,Natalia Camargo Rodrigues,Matheus Machado Gomes,Renato Moraes,Daniela Cristina Carvalho de Abreu
Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia. 2016; 19(3): 383
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333 Study protocol: a cluster randomized controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of a multi-pronged behavioural intervention to improve use of personal protective equipment among migrant workers exposed to organic solvents in small and medium-sized enterprises
Wen Chen,Tongyang Li,Guanyang Zou,Xudong Li,Leiyu Shi,Shanshan Feng,Jingrong Shi,Fangjing Zhou,Siqi Han,Li Ling
BMC Public Health. 2016; 16(1)
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334 An Overview of Challenges and Approaches to Minimize Bias in Randomized Controlled Trials in Perioperative Medicine
Emmanuelle Duceppe,Emilie Belley-Coté
Current Anesthesiology Reports. 2016;
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335 Comparative effectiveness and safety of antipsychotic drugs in schizophrenia treatment: a real-world observational study
A. Vanasse,L. Blais,J. Courteau,A. A. Cohen,P. Roberge,A. Larouche,S. Grignon,M.-J. Fleury,A. Lesage,M.-F. Demers,M.-A. Roy,J.-D. Carrier,A. Delorme
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 2016;
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336 Effects of Internet-Based Self-Efficacy Intervention on Secondary Traumatic Stress and Secondary Posttraumatic Growth among Health and Human Services Professionals Exposed to Indirect Trauma
Roman Cieslak,Charles C. Benight,Anna Rogala,Ewelina Smoktunowicz,Martyna Kowalska,Katarzyna Zukowska,Carolyn Yeager,Aleksandra Luszczynska
Frontiers in Psychology. 2016; 7
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337 Family-centred music therapy with preterm infants and their parents in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) in Colombia – A mixed-methods study
Mark Ettenberger,Catherine Rojas Cárdenas,Mike Parker,Helen Odell-Miller
Nordic Journal of Music Therapy. 2016; : 1
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338 Evaluating the effectiveness of combining home-start and triple P parenting support in the Netherlands
E.S. Smallegange,J.M.A. Hermanns,F.J. Oort
Children and Youth Services Review. 2016;
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339 The impact of trial stage, developer involvement and international transferability on universal social and emotional learning programme outcomes: a meta-analysis
M. Wigelsworth,A. Lendrum,J. Oldfield,A. Scott,I. ten Bokkel,K. Tate,C. Emery
Cambridge Journal of Education. 2016; 46(3): 347
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340 Preliminary study of a rehabilitation program based on attentional processes to treat auditory hallucinations
Beatriz López-Luengo,José A. Muela-Martínez
Cognitive Neuropsychiatry. 2016; : 1
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341 Cost-effectiveness analysis of the single-implant mandibular overdenture versus conventional complete denture: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Túlio Eduardo Nogueira,Shahrokh Esfandiari,Cláudio Rodrigues Leles
Trials. 2016; 17(1)
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342 The Efficacy and Safety of Tetrachlorodecaoxide in Comparison with Super-oxidised Solution in Wound Healing
Romil Parikh,Girish Bakhshi,Madhushree Naik,Bhargav Gaikwad,Kavita Jadhav,Mukund Tayade
Archives of Plastic Surgery. 2016; 43(5): 395
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343 Cognitive remediation to enhance mobility in older adults: the CREM study
Joe Verghese,Emmeline Ayers,Jeannette R Mahoney,Anne Ambrose,Cuiling Wang,Roee Holtzer
Neurodegenerative Disease Management. 2016; 6(6): 457
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344 Exergaming for Health: A Randomized Study of Community-Based Exergaming Curriculum in Pediatric Weight Management
Amy L. Christison,Tyler A. Evans,Brandon B. Bleess,Huaping Wang,Jean C. Aldag,Helen J. Binns
Games for Health Journal. 2016; 5(6): 413
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345 Prostate cancer: Determining optimal therapy of early-stage disease remains complicated
David Canes
Nature Reviews Urology. 2016; 13(12): 703
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346 Can the provision of a home help service for the elderly population reduce the incidence of fall-related injuries? A quasi-experimental study of the community-level effects on hospital admissions in Swedish municipalities
Carl Bonander,Johanna Gustavsson,Finn Nilson
Injury Prevention. 2016; 22(6): 412
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347 Randomized Trials of the Teen Outreach Program in Louisiana and Rochester, New York
William T. Robinson,Susan M. Seibold-Simpson,Hugh F. Crean,Briana Spruille-White
American Journal of Public Health. 2016; 106(S1): S39
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348 Systematic Review of Yoga Interventions to Promote Cardiovascular Health in Older Adults
Jennifer L. Barrows,Julie Fleury
Western Journal of Nursing Research. 2016; 38(6): 753
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349 Statistical Primer on Biosimilar Clinical Development
Leah Isakov,Bo Jin,Ira Allen Jacobs
American Journal of Therapeutics. 2016; 23(6): e1903
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350 An Evaluation of Parent–Child Interaction Therapy With and Without Motivational Enhancement to Reduce Attrition
Haley J. Webb,Rae Thomas,Leanne McGregor,Elbina Avdagic,Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck
Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology. 2016; : 1
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351 Development and Two-Year Follow-Up Evaluation of a Training Workshop for the Large Preventive Positive Psychology Happy Family Kitchen Project in Hong Kong
Agnes Y. Lai,Moses W. Mui,Alice Wan,Sunita M. Stewart,Carol Yew,Tai-hing Lam,Sophia S. Chan,Emmanuel Manalo
PLOS ONE. 2016; 11(1): e0147712
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352 Randomized Control Trial of Teaching Recovery Techniques in Rural Occupied Palestine: Effect on Adolescent Dissociation
Ian Barron,Ghassan Abdallah,Unni Heltne
Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma. 2016; 25(9): 955
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353 Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of a standardised intracameral combination of mydriatics and anaesthetics for cataract surgery
Marc Labetoulle,Oliver Findl,François Malecaze,Jorge Alió,Béatrice Cochener,Conceição Lobo,Sihem Lazreg,Dahbia Hartani,Joseph Colin,Marie-José Tassignon,Anders Behndig
British Journal of Ophthalmology. 2016; 100(7): 976
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354 The longitudinal mental health benefits of a yoga intervention in women experiencing chronic stress: A clinical trial
Kaitlin N. Harkess,Paul Delfabbro,Sarah Cohen-Woods,Cornelia Duregger
Cogent Psychology. 2016; 3(1)
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355 Study protocol for a non-inferiority trial of a blended smoking cessation treatment versus face-to-face treatment (LiveSmokefree-Study)
Lutz Siemer,Marcel E. Pieterse,Marjolein G. J. Brusse-Keizer,Marloes G. Postel,Somaya Ben Allouch,Robbert Sanderman
BMC Public Health. 2016; 16(1)
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356 Self-training to improve UE function at the chronic stage post-stroke: a pilot randomized controlled trial
Debbie Rand,Harold Weingarden,Ronit Weiss,Anat Yacoby,Shlomit Reif,Rachel Malka,David Andrew Shiller,Gabi Zeilig
Disability and Rehabilitation. 2016; : 1
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357 Data Blind Review and Analysis Set in Clinical Trial
Chiyeon Lim,Minjung Kwak
Journal of Health Informatics and Statistics. 2016; 41(4): 443
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358 Using Alcohol Unit-marked Glasses Enhances Capacity To Monitor Intake: Evidence From a Mixed-method Intervention Trial
Richard de Visser,Clare Brown,Richard Cooke,Greg Cooper,Anjum Memon
Alcohol and Alcoholism. 2016;
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359 Increasing patient involvement in the diabetic foot pathway: a pilot randomized controlled trial
E. McBride,B. Hacking,R. OæCarroll,M. Young,J. Jahr,C. Borthwick,A. Callander,Z. Berrada
Diabetic Medicine. 2016; 33(11): 1483
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360 Post-instrumentation pain after the use of either Mtwo or the SAF system: a randomized controlled clinical trial
P. Saumya-Rajesh,J. Krithikadatta,N. Velmurugan,C. Sooriaprakas
International Endodontic Journal. 2016;
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361 Clinical and Quality of Life Outcomes of Speech Treatment for Parkinsonæs Disease Delivered to the Home Via Telerehabilitation: A Noninferiority Randomized Controlled Trial
Deborah G. Theodoros,Anne J. Hill,Trevor G. Russell
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. 2016; 25(2): 214
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362 Invited review: Fermented milk as antihypertensive functional food
L.M. Beltrán-Barrientos,A. Hernández-Mendoza,M.J. Torres-Llanez,A.F. González-Córdova,B. Vallejo-Córdoba
Journal of Dairy Science. 2016;
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363 Effect of long-term vitamin E and selenium supplementation on urine F2-Isoprostanes, a biomarker of oxidative stress
Kristin A Guertin,Rachael K Grant,Kathryn B Arnold,Lindsay Burwell,JoAnn Hartline,Phyllis J Goodman,Lori M Minasian,Scott M Lippman,Eric Klein,Patricia A Cassano
Free Radical Biology and Medicine. 2016;
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364 Cost-Utility and Cost-Effectiveness Analyses of Face-to-Face Versus Telephone-Based Nonpharmacologic Multidisciplinary Treatments for Patients With Generalized Osteoarthritis
Nienke Cuperus,Wilbert B. van den Hout,Thomas J. Hoogeboom,Frank H. J. van den Hoogen,Thea P. M. Vliet Vlieland,Cornelia H. M. van den Ende
Arthritis Care & Research. 2016; 68(4): 502
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365 Progressive compression versus graduated compression for the management of venous insufficiency
Jan Shepherd
British Journal of Community Nursing. 2016; 21(Sup9): S13
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366 A Systematic Review Protocol to Assess the Effects of Physical Activity on Health and Quality of Life Outcomes in Adolescent Cancer Survivors
Amanda Wurz,Jennifer Brunet
JMIR Research Protocols. 2016; 5(1): e54
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367 Impact of adding a second layer to a single unlocked closure of a Cesarean uterine incision: randomized controlled trial
G. Bennich,M. Rudnicki,C. Wilken-Jensen,T. Lousen,P. D. Lassen,K. Wøjdemann
Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2016; 47(4): 417
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368 Outcomes of Parathyroidectomy in Patients with Primary Hyperparathyroidism: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Naykky M. Singh Ospina,Rene Rodriguez-Gutierrez,Spyridoula Maraka,Ana E. Espinosa de Ycaza,Sina Jasim,Ana Castaneda-Guarderas,Michael R. Gionfriddo,Alaa Al Nofal,Juan P. Brito,Patricia Erwin,Melanie Richards,Robert Wermers,Victor M. Montori
World Journal of Surgery. 2016;
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369 Medicaid Pay for Performance Programs and Childhood Immunization Status
Tianyan Hu,Sandra L. Decker,Shin-Yi Chou
American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2016; 50(5): S51
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370 Sequential versus standard triple first-line therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication
Olga P Nyssen,Adrian G McNicholl,Francis Megraud,Vincenzo Savarino,Giuseppina Oderda,Carlo A Fallone,Lori Fischbach,Franco Bazzoli,Javier P Gisbert
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2016;
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371 Internet addiction and problematic Internet use: A systematic review of clinical research
Daria J Kuss,Olatz Lopez-Fernandez
World Journal of Psychiatry. 2016; 6(1): 143
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372 Do Web-based Mental Health Literacy Interventions Improve the Mental Health Literacy of Adult Consumers? Results From a Systematic Review
Bianca Brijnath,Joanne Protheroe,Kamal Ram Mahtani,Josefine Antoniades
Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2016; 18(6): e165
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373 Exercise as a treatment for depression: A meta-analysis
Siri Kvam,Catrine Lykkedrang Kleppe,Inger Hilde Nordhus,Anders Hovland
Journal of Affective Disorders. 2016; 202: 67
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374 Injectable pharmacotherapy for opioid use disorders (IPOD)
David Farabee,Maureen Hillhouse,Timothy Condon,Barbara McCrady,Kathryn McCollister,Walter Ling
Contemporary Clinical Trials. 2016; 49: 70
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375 Evidence-based veterinary dermatology: a review of published studies of treatments forOtodectes cynotis(ear mite) infestation in cats
Ching Yang,Hui-Pi Huang
Veterinary Dermatology. 2016;
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376 A Pilot Study on the Efficacy of Volunteer Mentorship for Young Adults With Self-Harm Behaviors Using a Quasi-Experimental Design
Yik-Wa Law,Paul S. F. Yip,Carmen C. S. Lai,Chi Leung Kwok,Paul W. C. Wong,Kwong-Sun Liu,Pauline W. L. Ng,Carmen W. M. Liao,Tai-Wai Wong
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377 The Influence of Attrition in Evaluating the Efficacy and Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Interventions
Seungwon Nam,Tony Toneatto
International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. 2016;
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378 Forming a Stress Management and Health Promotion Program for Women Undergoing Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer
Panagiotis Pelekasis,Georgia Zisi,Anna Koumarianou,Androniki Marioli,George Chrousos,Konstantinos Syrigos,Christina Darviri
Integrative Cancer Therapies. 2016; 15(2): 165
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379 Early goal-directed therapy in severe sepsis and septic shock: insights and comparisons to ProCESS, ProMISe, and ARISE
H. Bryant Nguyen,Anja Kathrin Jaehne,Namita Jayaprakash,Matthew W. Semler,Sara Hegab,Angel Coz Yataco,Geneva Tatem,Dhafer Salem,Steven Moore,Kamran Boka,Jasreen Kaur Gill,Jayna Gardner-Gray,Jacqueline Pflaum,Juan Pablo Domecq,Gina Hurst,Justin B. Belsky,Raymond Fowkes,Ronald B. Elkin,Steven Q. Simpson,Jay L. Falk,Daniel J. Singer,Emanuel P. Rivers
Critical Care. 2016; 20(1)
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380 Protocol of a randomized controlled trial of the fear of recurrence therapy (FORT) intervention for women with breast or gynecological cancer
Christine Maheu,Sophie Lebel,Christine Courbasson,Monique Lefebvre,Mina Singh,Lori J. Bernstein,Linda Muraca,Aronela Benea,Lynne Jolicoeur,Cheryl Harris,Agnihotram V. Ramanakumar,Sarah Ferguson,Souraya Sidani
BMC Cancer. 2016; 16(1)
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381 Effect of Domain Knowledge on Elicitation Effectiveness: An Internally Replicated Controlled Experiment
Alejandrina M. Aranda,Oscar Dieste,Natalia Juristo
IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering. 2016; 42(5): 427
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382 Adherence adjustment in the Coronary Drug Project: A call for better per-protocol effect estimates in randomized trials
Eleanor J Murray,Miguel A Hernán
Clinical Trials. 2016; 13(4): 372
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383 Stepped Care Versus Direct Face-to-Face Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder and Panic Disorder: A Randomized Effectiveness Trial
Tine Nordgreen,Thomas Haug,Lars-Göran Öst,Gerhard Andersson,Per Carlbring,Gerd Kvale,Tone Tangen,Einar Heiervang,Odd E. Havik
Behavior Therapy. 2016; 47(2): 166
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384 A cluster randomized controlled trial of the Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) curriculum
Neil Humphrey,Alexandra Barlow,Michael Wigelsworth,Ann Lendrum,Kirsty Pert,Craig Joyce,Emma Stephens,Lawrence Wo,Garry Squires,Kevin Woods,Rachel Calam,Alex Turner
Journal of School Psychology. 2016; 58: 73
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385 Service evaluation of an educational intervention to improve sexual health services in primary care implemented using a step-wedge design: analysis of chlamydia testing and diagnosis rate changes
Katy Town,Cliodna A. M. McNulty,Ellie J. Ricketts,Thomas Hartney,Anthony Nardone,Kate A. Folkard,Andre Charlett,J. Kevin Dunbar
BMC Public Health. 2016; 16(1)
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386 Two-Year COMPASS Trial Results: Supraciliary Microstenting with Phacoemulsification in Patients with Open-Angle Glaucoma and Cataracts
Steven Vold,Iqbal Ike K. Ahmed,E. Randy Craven,Cynthia Mattox,Robert Stamper,Mark Packer,Reay H. Brown,Tsontcho Ianchulev
Ophthalmology. 2016;
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387 Art therapy for people with psychosis: a narrative review of the literature
Angelica Attard,Michael Larkin
The Lancet Psychiatry. 2016;
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388 Can predilatation in transcatheter aortic valve implantation be omitted? - a prospective randomized study
Henrik Casimir Ahn,Niels-Erik Nielsen,Jacek Baranowski
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery. 2016; 11(1)
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389 Home-Based Psychiatric Outpatient Care Through Videoconferencing for Depression: A Randomized Controlled Follow-Up Trial
Ines Hungerbuehler,Leandro Valiengo,Alexandre A Loch,Wulf Rössler,Wagner F Gattaz
JMIR Mental Health. 2016; 3(3): e36
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390 Review of head-to-head study designs in rheumatoid arthritis
R Fleischmann,R Landewé,J Smolen
Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism. 2016;
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391 Effect of Sirolimus on Disease Progression in Patients with Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease and CKD Stages 3b-4
P. Ruggenenti,G. Gentile,N. Perico,A. Perna,L. Barcella,M. Trillini,M. Cortinovis,C. P. Ferrer Siles,J. A. Reyes Loaeza,M. C. Aparicio,G. Fasolini,F. Gaspari,D. Martinetti,F. Carrara,N. Rubis,S. Prandini,A. Caroli,K. Sharma,L. Antiga,A. Remuzzi,G. Remuzzi
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. 2016;
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392 Brain and behavior changes associated with an abbreviated 4-week mindfulness-based stress reduction course in back pain patients
B. Blair Braden,Teri B. Pipe,Ryan Smith,Tyler K. Glaspy,Brandon R. Deatherage,Leslie C. Baxter
Brain and Behavior. 2016; : n/a
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393 Intention-to-treat and transparency of related practices in randomized, controlled trials of anti-infectives
Robert D. Beckett,Kathryn C. Loeser,Kathryn R. Bowman,Trent G. Towne
BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2016; 16(1)
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394 The Primary Outcome Fails — What Next?
Jeffrey M. Drazen,David P. Harrington,John J.V. McMurray,James H. Ware,Janet Woodcock,Stuart J. Pocock,Gregg W. Stone
New England Journal of Medicine. 2016; 375(9): 861
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
395 Belotecan/cisplatin versus etoposide/cisplatin in previously untreated patients with extensive-stage small cell lung carcinoma: a multi-center randomized phase III trial
In-Jae Oh,Kyu-Sik Kim,Cheol-Kyu Park,Young-Chul Kim,Kwan-Ho Lee,Jin-Hong Jeong,Sun-Young Kim,Jeong-Eun Lee,Kye-Chul Shin,Tae-Won Jang,Hyun-Kyung Lee,Kye-Young Lee,Sung-Yong Lee
BMC Cancer. 2016; 16(1)
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396 INDIVIDUO: Results from a patient-centered lifestyle intervention for obesity surgery candidates
José Camolas,Osvaldo Santos,Pedro Moreira,Isabel do Carmo
Obesity Research & Clinical Practice. 2016;
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397 Effect of choir activity in the rehabilitation of aphasia: a blind, randomised, controlled pilot study
Anna Zumbansen,Isabelle Peretz,Carole Anglade,Josée Bilodeau,Suzanne Généreux,Michelyne Hubert,Sylvie Hébert
Aphasiology. 2016; : 1
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398 Resistance training improves inflammatory level, lipid and glycemic profiles in obese older women: A randomized controlled trial
Crisieli M. Tomeleri,Alex S. Ribeiro,Mariana F. Souza,Durcelina Schiavoni,Brad J. Schoenfeld,Danielle Venturini,Décio S. Barbosa,Kamila Landucci,Luís B. Sardinha,Edilson S. Cyrino
Experimental Gerontology. 2016; 84: 80
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399 Cross-centre replication of suppressed burrowing behaviour as an ethologically relevant pain outcome measure in the rat
Rachel Wodarski,Ada Delaney,Camilla Ultenius,Rosie Morland,Nick Andrews,Catherine Baastrup,Luke A. Bryden,Ombretta Caspani,Thomas Christoph,Natalie J. Gardiner,Wenlong Huang,Jeffrey D. Kennedy,Suguru Koyama,Dominic Li,Marcin Ligocki,Annika Lindsten,Ian Machin,Anton Pekcec,Angela Robens,Sanziana M. Rotariu,Sabrina Vo,Marta Segerdahl,Carina Stenfors,Camilla I. Svensson,Rolf-Detlef Treede,Katsuhiro Uto,Kazumi Yamamoto,Kris Rutten,Andrew S.C. Rice
PAIN. 2016; 157(10): 2350
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400 Randomized evaluation and cost-effectiveness of HIV and sexual and reproductive health service referral and linkage models in Zambia
Paul C. Hewett,Mutinta Nalubamba,Fiammetta Bozzani,Jean Digitale,Lung Vu,Eileen Yam,Mary Nambao
BMC Public Health. 2016; 16(1)
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401 Efficacy of Internet-Based Self-Monitoring Interventions on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes in Perinatal Diabetic Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Ying Lau,Tha Pyai Htun,Suei Nee Wong,Wai San Wilson Tam,Piyanee Klainin-Yobas
Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2016; 18(8): e220
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
402 Conditional Cash Transfers and Electoral Behavior: Experimental Evidence from Mexico
Gregory S. Schober
SSRN Electronic Journal. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
403 Food for Thought: The Impact of m-Health Enabled Interventions on Eating Behavior
Yi-Chin Kato-Lin,Vibhanshu Abhishek,Julie S. Downs,Rema Padman
SSRN Electronic Journal. 2016;
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404 Effect of a Digital Social Media Campaign on Young Adult Smoking Cessation
Neill Bruce Baskerville,Sunday Azagba,Cameron Norman,Kyle McKeown,K. Stephen Brown
Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2016; 18(3): 351
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
405 Implementing Family-Centered Prevention in Rural African American Communities: a Randomized Effectiveness Trial of the Strong African American Families Program
Steven M. Kogan,Man-Kit Lei,Gene H. Brody,Ted G. Futris,Megan Sperr,Tracy Anderson
Prevention Science. 2016; 17(2): 248
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406 Long-term efficacy and safety of etravirine-containing regimens in a real-life cohort of treatment-experienced HIV-1-infected patients
Clotilde Allavena,Christine Katlama,Laurent Cotte,Pierre Marie Roger,Pierre Delobel,Antoine Cheret,Claudine Duvivier,Isabelle Poizot-Martin,Bruno Hoen,André Cabie,Arnaud Cheret,Rima Lahoulou,François Raffi,Pascal Pugliese
Infectious Diseases. 2016; 48(5): 392
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407 TREATMENT SWITCHING: STATISTICAL AND DECISION-MAKING CHALLENGES AND APPROACHES
Nicholas R. Latimer,Chris Henshall,Uwe Siebert,Helen Bell
International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care. 2016; 32(03): 160
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408 Continuity of care by a primary midwife (caseload midwifery) increases women’s satisfaction with antenatal, intrapartum and postpartum care: results from the COSMOS randomised controlled trial
Della A. Forster,Helen L. McLachlan,Mary-Ann Davey,Mary Anne Biro,Tanya Farrell,Lisa Gold,Maggie Flood,Touran Shafiei,Ulla Waldenström
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2016; 16(1)
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409 „Intention to treat“ oder „treatment as received“ – Umgang mit Abbrechern in der Forschung zur Straftäterbehandlung
Johann Endres,Maike M. Breuer,Mark Stemmler
Forensische Psychiatrie, Psychologie, Kriminologie. 2016; 10(1): 45
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410 A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Effectiveness of Traditional and Mobile Public Health Communications With Health Care Providers
Janet Baseman,Debra Revere,Ian Painter,Mark Oberle,Jeffrey Duchin,Hanne Thiede,Randall Nett,Dorothy MacEachern,Andy Stergachis
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness. 2016; 10(01): 98
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411 PTSD REMISSION AFTER PROLONGED EXPOSURE TREATMENT IS ASSOCIATED WITH ANTERIOR CINGULATE CORTEX THINNING AND VOLUME REDUCTION
Liat Helpman,Santiago Papini,Binod T. Chhetry,Erel Shvil,Mikael Rubin,Gregory M. Sullivan,John C. Markowitz,J. John Mann,Yuval Neria
Depression and Anxiety. 2016; : n/a
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412 The effect of primary midwife-led care on womenæs experience of childbirth: results from the COSMOS randomised controlled trial
HL McLachlan,DA Forster,M-A Davey,T Farrell,M Flood,T Shafiei,U Waldenström
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 2016; 123(3): 465
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413 Evaluation of the Effectiveness and Implementation of an Adapted Evidence-Based Mammography Intervention for African American Women
Linda Highfield,Marieke A. Hartman,L. Kay Bartholomew,Philomene Balihe,Valerie A. Ausborn
BioMed Research International. 2015; 2015: 1
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414 Does neurocognitive training have the potential to improve dietary self-care in type 2 diabetes? Study protocol of a double-blind randomised controlled trial
Victoria Whitelock,Arie Nouwen,Katrijn Houben,Olga van den Akker,Iraida Neira Miller,Parth Narendan,Miranda Rosenthal,Suzanne Higgs
BMC Nutrition. 2015; 1(1)
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415 Re: Pareek A, Chandurkar N, Thomas N,et al.Efficacy and safety of hydroxychloroquine in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a double blind, randomized comparison with pioglitazone. Curr Med Res Opin 2014;30:1257-66
Anil Pareek
Current Medical Research and Opinion. 2015; 31(6): 1087
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416 A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Financial Literacy Curriculum for Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence
Andrea Hetling,Judy L. Postmus,Cecilia Kaltz
Journal of Family and Economic Issues. 2015;
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417 Passive standing as an adjunct rehabilitation intervention after stroke: a randomized controlled trial
Francesco Ferrarello,Gabriella Deluca,Assunta Pizzi,Carlo Baldini,Francesca Iori,Niccolò Marchionni,Mauro Di Bari
Archives of Physiotherapy. 2015; 5(1)
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418 Prolonged Exposure for Treating PTSD Among Female Methadone Patients Who Were Survivors of Sexual Abuse in Israel
Miriam Schiff,Nitsa Nacasch,Shabtay Levit,Noam Katz,Edna B. Foa
Social Work in Health Care. 2015; 54(8): 687
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419 Effects of a brief mindfulness-based intervention program for stress management among medical students: the Mindful-Gym randomized controlled study
Cheng Kar Phang,Firdaus Mukhtar,Normala Ibrahim,Shian-Ling Keng,Sherina Mohd. Sidik
Advances in Health Sciences Education. 2015; 20(5): 1115
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420 Home-based virtual reality balance training and conventional balance training in Parkinsonæs disease: A randomized controlled trial
Wen-Chieh Yang,Hsing-Kuo Wang,Ruey-Meei Wu,Chien-Shun Lo,Kwan-Hwa Lin
Journal of the Formosan Medical Association. 2015;
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421 Effect of an integrated community-based package for maternal and newborn care on feeding patterns during the first 12 weeks of life: a cluster-randomized trial in a South African township
Petrida Ijumba,Tanya Doherty,Debra Jackson,Mark Tomlinson,David Sanders,Sonja Swanevelder,Lars-Åke Persson
Public Health Nutrition. 2015; 18(14): 2660
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422 Effectiveness of Conventional Versus Virtual Reality–Based Balance Exercises in Vestibular Rehabilitation for Unilateral Peripheral Vestibular Loss: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial
Dara Meldrum,Susan Herdman,Roisin Vance,Deirdre Murray,Kareena Malone,Douglas Duffy,Aine Glennon,Rory McConn-Walsh
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2015; 96(7): 1319
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423 FAmily CEntered (FACE) advance care planning: Study design and methods for a patient-centered communication and decision-making intervention for patients with HIV/AIDS and their surrogate decision-makers
Allison L. Kimmel,Jichuan Wang,Rachel K. Scott,Linda Briggs,Maureen E. Lyon
Contemporary Clinical Trials. 2015; 43: 172
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424 Effect of the probiotic strain Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis, BB-12®, on defecation frequency in healthy subjects with low defecation frequency and abdominal discomfort: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial
Dorte Eskesen,Lillian Jespersen,Birgit Michelsen,Peter J. Whorwell,Stefan Müller-Lissner,Cathrine M. Morberg
British Journal of Nutrition. 2015; 114(10): 1638
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425 General or Spinal Anaesthetic for Vaginal Surgery in Pelvic Floor Disorders (GOSSIP): a feasibility randomised controlled trial
B. Purwar,K. M. Ismail,N. Turner,A. Farrell,M. Verzune,M. Annappa,I. Smith,Zeiad El-Gizawy,J. C. Cooper
International Urogynecology Journal. 2015; 26(8): 1171
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426 Effect of exercises with weight vests and a patient education programme for women with osteopenia and a healed wrist fracture: a randomized, controlled trial of the OsteoACTIVE programme
K. A. Hakestad,M. K. Torstveit,L. Nordsletten,M. A. Risberg
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 2015; 16(1)
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427 Evaluation of a hybrid treatment for Veterans with comorbid traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress disorder: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Amy J. Jak,Robin Aupperle,Carie S. Rodgers,Ariel J. Lang,Dawn M. Schiehser,Sonya B. Norman,Elizabeth W. Twamley
Contemporary Clinical Trials. 2015; 45: 210
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428 Randomized Controlled Trial of an Internet Application to Reduce HIV Transmission Behavior Among HIV Infected Men Who have Sex with Men
Joel Milam,Sheldon Morris,Sonia Jain,Xiaoying Sun,Michael P. Dubé,Eric S. Daar,Gustavo Jimenez,Richard Haubrich
AIDS and Behavior. 2015;
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429 A web-based personally controlled health management system increases sexually transmitted infection screening rates in young people: a randomized controlled trial
Nathan J Mortimer,Joel Rhee,Rebecca Guy,Andrew Hayen,Annie Y S Lau
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. 2015; 22(4): 805
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430 Intervention Mapping to Adapt Evidence-Based Interventions for Use in Practice: Increasing Mammography among African American Women
Linda Highfield,Marieke A. Hartman,Patricia Dolan Mullen,Serena A. Rodriguez,Maria E. Fernandez,L. Kay Bartholomew
BioMed Research International. 2015; 2015: 1
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431 Whoæs Missing? Predictors of Attrition Following Participation in Culturally Targeted Educational Breast and Cervical Cancer Outreach Programs for Latinas
Jamilia Sly,Lina Jandorf,Deborah O. Erwin
Journal of Health Communication. 2015; 20(7): 851
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432 The Effectiveness of the Within Our Reach Relationship Education Program for Couples: Findings from a Federal Randomized Trial
Galena K. Rhoades
Family Process. 2015; 54(4): 672
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433 A randomized controlled trial of a multi-dose bystander intervention program using peer education theater
Sarah McMahon,Samantha C. Winter,Jane E. Palmer,Judy L. Postmus,N. Andrew Peterson,Sharon Zucker,RuthAnne Koenick
Health Education Research. 2015; 30(4): 554
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434 Supporting Practices to Adopt Registry-Based Care (SPARC): protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Rebecca S Etz,Rosalind E Keith,Anna M Maternick,Karen L Stein,Roy T Sabo,Melissa S Hayes,Purvi Sevak,John Holland,Jesse C Crosson
Implementation Science. 2015; 10(1)
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435 Radiofrequency catheter ablation maintains its efficacy better than antiarrhythmic medication in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: On-treatment analysis of the randomized controlled MANTRA-PAF trial
M.J. Pekka Raatikainen,Antti Hakalahti,Paavo Uusimaa,Jens Cosedis Nielsen,Arne Johannessen,Gerhard Hindricks,Håkan Walfridsson,Steen Pehrson,Anders Englund,Juha Hartikainen,Ole Kongstad,Leif Spange Mortensen,Peter Steen Hansen
International Journal of Cardiology. 2015; 198: 108
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436 Interest in Employment Among People with Schizophrenia
Cassandra Westcott,Geoffrey Waghorn,Duncan McLean,Dixie Statham,Bryan Mowry
American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation. 2015; 18(2): 187
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437 Use of mouth rinse during pregnancy to improve birth and neonatal outcomes: a randomized controlled trial
Hong Jiang,Xu Xiong,Pierre Buekens,Yi Su,Xu Qian
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2015; 15(1)
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438 Effect of Developmental Binocular Vision Abnormalities on Visual Vertigo Symptoms and Treatment Outcome
Marousa Pavlou,James Acheson,Despina Nicolaou,Clare L. Fraser,Adolfo M. Bronstein,Rosalyn A. Davies
Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy. 2015; 39(4): 215
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439 The Integration of Family and Group Therapy as an Alternative to Juvenile Incarceration: A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation Using Parenting with Love and Limits
Eli A. Karam,Emma M. Sterrett,Lynn Kiaer
Family Process. 2015; : n/a
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440 Effective Implementation Strategies of Differential Response in Child Welfare: A Comparative Case Analysis
Annette Semanchin Jones
Journal of Public Child Welfare. 2015; 9(5): 528
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441 Look for good and never give up: A novel attention training treatment for childhood anxiety disorders
Allison M. Waters,Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck,Michelle G. Craske,Daniel S. Pine,Brendan P. Bradley,Karin Mogg
Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2015; 73: 111
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442 Effect of Deep Intramuscular Stimulation and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Neurophysiological Biomarkers in Chronic Myofascial Pain Syndrome
Liciane F. Medeiros,Wolnei Caumo,Jairo Dussán-Sarria,Alicia Deitos,Aline Brietzke,Gabriela Laste,Cristina Campos-Carraro,Andressa de Souza,Vanessa L. Scarabelot,Stefania G. Cioato,Rafael Vercelino,Alexandre L. de Castro,Alex Sander Araújo,Adriane Belló-Klein,Felipe Fregni,Iraci L.S. Torres
Pain Medicine. 2015; : n/a
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443 Who responds to financial incentives for weight loss? Evidence from a randomized controlled trial
Alfredo R. Paloyo,Arndt R. Reichert,Monika Reuss-Borst,Harald Tauchmann
Social Science & Medicine. 2015; 145: 44
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444 A practice-based randomized controlled trial to improve medication adherence among Latinos with hypertension: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Antoinette Schoenthaler,Franzenith De La Calle,Miguel Barrios-Barrios,Aury Garcia,Maria Pitaro,Audrey Lum,Milagros Rosal
Trials. 2015; 16(1)
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445 Multisystemic Therapy Improves the Patient-Provider Relationship in Families of Adolescents with Poorly Controlled Insulin Dependent Diabetes
April Idalski Carcone,Deborah A. Ellis,Xinguang Chen,Sylvie Naar,Phillippe B. Cunningham,Kathleen Moltz
Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings. 2015; 22(2-3): 169
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446 Assessing the treatment effect in a randomized controlled trial with extensive non-adherence: the EVOLVE trial
Yumi Kubo,Lulu Ren Sterling,Patrick S Parfrey,Karminder Gill,Kenneth W Mahaffey,Ioanna Gioni,Marie-Louise Trotman,Bastian Dehmel,Glenn M Chertow
Pharmaceutical Statistics. 2015; 14(3): 242
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447 Randomized trial of the effectiveness of a non-pharmacological multidisciplinary face-to-face treatment program on daily function compared to a telephone-based treatment program in patients with generalized osteoarthritis
N. Cuperus,T.J. Hoogeboom,C.C. Kersten,A.A. den Broeder,T.P.M. Vliet Vlieland,C.H.M. van den Ende
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. 2015; 23(8): 1267
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448 Caring for the carer: a systematic review of pure technology-based cognitive behavioral therapy (TB-CBT) interventions for dementia carers
Jennifer L. Scott,Sarah Dawkins,Michael G. Quinn,Kristy Sanderson,Kate-Ellen J. Elliott,Christine Stirling,Ben Schüz,Andrew Robinson
Aging & Mental Health. 2015; : 1
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449 A Preliminary Evaluation of the 1-2-3-Magic Parenting Program in an Australian Community Services Setting
Renata Porzig-Drummond,Richard J. Stevenson,Caroline Stevenson
Australian Social Work. 2015; : 1
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450 Telepsychology for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A systematic review
AJ Bolton,DS Dorstyn
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. 2015; 21(5): 254
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451 Considerations for Comprehensive Analyses of Sporozoite-Based Controlled Human Malaria Infection Studies
Andrew A. Lover
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2015; 93(6): 1130
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452 Early Pathways Therapy for Young Children in Poverty
Sara E. Harris,Robert A. Fox,Joanna R. Love
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation. 2015; 6(1): 3
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453 Web-based interventions for comorbid depression and chronic illness: a systematic review
Ekaterina Charova,Diana Dorstyn,Phillip Tully,Oskar Mittag
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. 2015; 21(4): 189
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454 Preliminary evaluation of a self-directed video-based 1-2-3 Magic parenting program: A randomized controlled trial
Renata Porzig-Drummond,Richard J. Stevenson,Caroline Stevenson
Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2015;
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455 Whole-grain wheat consumption reduces inflammation in a randomized controlled trial on overweight and obese subjects with unhealthy dietary and lifestyle behaviors: role of polyphenols bound to cereal dietary fiber
Paola Vitaglione,Ilario Mennella,Rosalia Ferracane,Angela A Rivellese,Rosalba Giacco,Danilo Ercolini,Sean M Gibbons,Antonietta La Storia,Jack A Gilbert,Satya Jonnalagadda,Frank Thielecke,Maria A Gallo,Luca Scalfi,Vincenzo Fogliano
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2015; 101(2): 251
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456 Taking the next step: a systematic review and meta-analysis of physical activity and behavior change interventions in recent post-treatment breast cancer survivors
Shirley M. Bluethmann,Sally W. Vernon,Kelley Pettee Gabriel,Caitlin C. Murphy,L. Kay Bartholomew
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. 2015;
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457 Evaluation of the implementation and impact of an integrated prevention model on the academic progress of students with disabilities
Alexandra Barlow,Neil Humphrey,Ann Lendrum,Michael Wigelsworth,Garry Squires
Research in Developmental Disabilities. 2015; 36: 505
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458 Time at Risk and Intention-to-treat Analyses
Sunni L. Mumford,Enrique F. Schisterman,Stephen R. Cole,Daniel Westreich,Robert W. Platt
Epidemiology. 2015; 26(1): 112
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459 Development and Assessment of an E-Learning Course on Breast Imaging for Radiographers: A Stratified Randomized Controlled Trial
Inês C Moreira,Sandra Rua Ventura,Isabel Ramos,Pedro Pereira Rodrigues
Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2015; 17(1): e3
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460 Intravenous estrogen is not proven effective for abnormal uterine bleeding: guidelines are based on flawed evidence
Stephen Simmer
Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates. 2015; 1(1): 1
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461 Effects of yoga on stress and inflammatory factors in patients with chronic low back pain: A non-randomized controlled study
Hye Kyung Cho,Woongjoon Moon,Jaehee Kim
European Journal of Integrative Medicine. 2014;
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462 Occupational Performance Coaching for stroke survivors: A pilot randomized controlled trial protocol
Dorothy E. Kessler,Mary Y. Egan,Claire-Jehanne Dubouloz,Fiona P. Graham,Sara E. McEwen
Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. 2014; 81(5): 279
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463 Quality of Reporting Randomized Controlled Trials in Cancer Nursing Research
Jia-Wen Guo,Katherine A. Sward,Susan L. Beck,Nancy Staggers
Nursing Research. 2014; 63(1): 26
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464 New Information Prompts Old Question: Is Sentinel Lymph Node Sampling Equivalent to Axillary Lymph Node Dissection?
Richard Cedric Zellars
Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2014; 32(32): 3583
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465 Title and Abstract Screening and Evaluation in Systematic Reviews (TASER): a pilot randomised controlled trial of title and abstract screening by medical students
Lauren Ng,Veronica Pitt,Kit Huckvale,Ornella Clavisi,Tari Turner,Russell Gruen,Julian H Elliott
Systematic Reviews. 2014; 3(1): 121
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466 Reducing the risk of bias in health behaviour change trials: Improving trial design, reporting or bias assessment criteria? A review and case study
Marijn de Bruin,Jim McCambridge,Jan M. Prins
Psychology & Health. 2014; : 1
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467 Acupressure for agitation in nursing home residents with dementia: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Rick Yiu Kwan,Mason Chin Leung,Claudia Kam Lai
Trials. 2014; 15(1): 410
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468 Comment on: Bari-Active: a randomized controlled trial of a preoperative intervention to increase physical activity in bariatric surgery patients
Wendy C. King
Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases. 2014;
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469 Intervention Effects on Adolescent Physical Activity in the Multicomponent SPACE Study: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial
Mette Toftager,Lars B. Christiansen,Annette K. Ersbøll,Peter L. Kristensen,Pernille Due,Jens Troelsen,Marc A. Adams
PLoS ONE. 2014; 9(6): e99369
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470 The effect of continuous passive motion and sling exercise training on clinical and functional outcomes following total knee arthroplasty: a randomized active-controlled clinical study
Anett Mau-Moeller,Martin Behrens,Susanne Finze,Sven Bruhn,Rainer Bader,Wolfram Mittelmeier
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2014; 12(1): 68
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471 Effectiveness of the Dader Method for pharmaceutical care in patients with bipolar I disorder: EMDADER-TAB: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Andrea Salazar-Ospina,Pedro Amariles,Dora M Benjumea,Francisco Gutierrez,Maria J Faus,Luis F Rodriguez
Trials. 2014; 15(1): 174
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472 How much did Chinaæs WTO accession increase economic growth in resource-rich countries?
Thomas Barnebeck Andersen,Mikkel Barslund,Casper Worm Hansen,Thomas Harr,Peter Sandholt Jensen
China Economic Review. 2014; 30: 16
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473 The 1-2-3 Magic Parenting Program and its Effect on Child Problem Behaviors and Dysfunctional Parenting: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Renata Porzig-Drummond,Richard J. Stevenson,Caroline Stevenson
Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2014;
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474 Zanamivir versus trivalent split virus influenza vaccine: a pilot randomized trial
Brenda L. Coleman,Shaza A. Fadel,Steven J. Drews,Todd F. Hatchette,Allison J. McGeer
Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses. 2014; : n/a
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475 Impact of an Exercise Intervention on Physical Activity During Pregnancy: The Behaviors Affecting Baby and You Study
Marquis Hawkins,Lisa Chasan-Taber,Bess Marcus,Edward Stanek,Barry Braun,Joe Ciccolo,Glenn Markenson
American Journal of Public Health. 2014; : e1
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476 Effects of a 12-week endurance training program on the physiological response to psychosocial stress in men: a randomized controlled trial
Sandra Klaperski,Bernadette Dawans,Markus Heinrichs,Reinhard Fuchs
Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 2014;
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477 Early intervention in psychosis: a feasibility study financed by the Italian Center on Control of Maladies
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478 Transobturator Sling Compared With Single-Incision Mini-Sling for the Treatment of Stress Urinary Incontinence
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488 The Digital Divide and Health Disparities: a Pilot Study Examining the Use of Short Message Service (SMS) for Colonoscopy Reminders
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508 Cost-effectiveness of intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in infants (IPTi) for averting anaemia in Gabon: a comparison between intention to treat and according to protocol analyses
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