Home  |  About us  |  Editorial board  |  Ahead of print  | Current issue  |  Archives  |  Submit article  |  Instructions |  Search  |   Subscribe  |  Advertise  |  Contacts  |  Login 
  Users Online: 1163Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size  

 Table of Contents      
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 137-144

Patient-reported outcomes: A new era in clinical research

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal, India

Date of Web Publication31-Oct-2011

Correspondence Address:
Prasanna R Deshpande
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal - 576 104
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-3485.86879

Rights and Permissions

Now-a-days there is significant discussion about patient-reported outcomes (PRO) in medical world. The following article covers almost all the areas of PRO including-their importance, important concepts for understanding of PRO, significance, ideal properties, types, development and evaluation of PRO instruments. It is useful for physicians, pharmacists and patients for the assessment and improvement of the therapy.

Keywords: Patient reported outcomes, clinical research, PRO, quality of life

How to cite this article:
Deshpande PR, Rajan S, Sudeepthi B L, Abdul Nazir C P. Patient-reported outcomes: A new era in clinical research. Perspect Clin Res 2011;2:137-44

How to cite this URL:
Deshpande PR, Rajan S, Sudeepthi B L, Abdul Nazir C P. Patient-reported outcomes: A new era in clinical research. Perspect Clin Res [serial online] 2011 [cited 2019 Oct 22];2:137-44. Available from: http://www.picronline.org/text.asp?2011/2/4/137/86879

   Introduction Top

'Patient' can be considered as the centre for any healthcare system. Now-a-days there is growing realization for the patient-centered healthcare system. [1] The outcomes of a clinical intervention obtained by the patient i.e. patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are seemed to be of more importance in future than any other outcomes like clinical, physiological or caregiver-reported. As per studies, enhanced treatment adherence and outcomes can be obtained by giving attention to patient feedback on healthcare outcomes and patient behavior change. [2]

As per US-FDA, a PRO is any report of the status of a patient's health condition that comes directly from the patient, without interpretation of the patient's response by a clinician or anyone else. [3]

   Importance of PRO Top

Though medical technology allows to measure physical, physiological or biochemical data of the patient; it is not able to give all the data about the treatment or the disease. Some data can be obtained only from the patient. Such data includes the things as mentioned in [Table 1]. [4]
Table 1: Data can only be obtained from the patient

Click here to view

In short, patient can tell many things like thoughts, complaints, opinions that technology or any observer can't and which is actually more valuable. As discussed earlier PRO are the measurements come directly from the patient. Further to add, in some diseases survival is not the ultimate goal of the treatment but quality of life also plays an essential role in the treatment. E.g. Cancer chemotherapy. [5] Therefore, PROs are gaining the importance in clinical world.

   PRO and Other Types of Outcomes Top

The outcomes are broadly classified into- clinical (e.g. cure, survival), humanistic (e.g. role performance, emotional status) and economical (e.g. expenses, saving). [6] In clinical scenario the outcomes can be clinician reported (e.g. performance of the patient), caregiver reported (e.g. functional status), physiologic (e.g. tumor size by using MRI) or patient reported (e.g. symptoms). If the patient is observed for the outcomes by clinician, researcher or caregiver then the outcomes become observer reported outcomes (OROs). [4] If the patient is revealing in the written questionnaire that he/she is experiencing morning stiffness is PRO but if the clinician is asking to describe about the morning stiffness i.e. severity and nature is considered to be ORO.

Proxy reported outcome is a measurement based on the reportby someone other than the patient reporting as if he or she is the patient. It is different from a PRO or ORO. [3]

   Difference Between Symptoms and Health Related Quality of Life Top

Although symptoms of the patient and health related quality of life (HRQOL) hear to be similar, they are the two different concepts. Symptom is a one-dimensional property while HRQOL is multidimensional. Symptoms are often main objective of treatment, mirror clinician-patient discourse and vary dynamically with time but in case of HRQOL all the above things are rarely. Symptoms are directly related to disease and treatment effect while there is indirect relation of them with HRQOL. In case of PRO concepts symptoms are often considered for behavioral objective measure but seldom for HRQOL. Complexity of the concepts is complex in HRQOL and simple in case of symptoms. [7]

   Important Concepts Top

Prior to know about PRO one should be familiar with the following concepts:

PRO instrument

A PRO instrument (i.e., a questionnaireplus the information and documentation that support its use) is a means to capture PRO data used to measure treatment benefitor risk in medical product clinical trials. [3]

PRO concept

It is nothing but the thing or event being measured. It can be called as the specific goal of the instrument. [3]

e.g. symptom or group of symptoms

PRO domain

A subconcept represented by a score of an instrument that measures a larger concept comprised of multiple domains. [3]

e.g. depression

PRO item

An individual question, statement, or task (and its standardized response options) that is evaluated by the patient to address a particular concept. [3]

e.g. Are you feeling depressed?

Conceptual framework

The conceptual framework explicitly defines the concepts measured by the instrument in a diagram that presents a description of the relationships between items, domain (sub-concepts) and concepts measured and the scores produced by a PRO instrument [Figure 1]. [3]
Figure 1: Conceptual framework in PRO instrument

Click here to view


The measurement that will be statistically compared among treatment groups to assess the effect of treatment and that corresponds with the clinical trial's objectives, design, and data analysis. [3]

End point model

A diagram of the hierarchy of relationships among all endpoints, both PRO and non-PRO, that corresponds to the clinical trial's objectives, design, and data analysis plan [Figure 2]. [3]
Figure 2: End-point model

Click here to view

Conceptual equivalence

It is the equivalence in relevance and meaning of the concepts being measured in different languages and /or cultures. [8]

Health Related Quality of Life

In simple words HRQOL can be defined as personal health status of the individual. [9] Actually, it is a multi-domain concept which represents the patient's general perception of the effect of illness and treatment on various aspects of life such as physical, psychological, and social. [3] Some other aspects also can be predicted to affect HRQOL like- economical, disease symptoms, adverse drug reactions, patient-education, disease-treatment given to the patient [Figure 3].
Figure 3: Factors affecting health related quality of life

Click here to view

   Ideal Properties of PRO Instrument Top

As per the literature, [3],[9] following ideal properties can be extracted-

  • It should be specific to the concept being measured.
  • It should be based on end-point model.
  • It should have conceptual equivalence.
  • It should be based on the conceptual framework.
  • It should contain optimum number of items.
  • It should have easy and specific measurement properties i.e. use of the scales which is easiest for the intended population to understand.
  • It should have proper evidences for the conceptual framework.
  • It should maintain the confidentiality of the patient.
  • It should be reproducible.

   Significance of PRO Instruments Top

By using PRO, various types of outcomes can be measured such as physical functions, symptoms, global judgments of health, psychological well-being, social well-being, cognitive functioning, role activities, personal constructs, satisfaction with care, [10] health related quality of life (HRQOL), [11] adherence to medical regimens [12] and clinical trial outcomes. [10]

PROs may be helpful in determination of the eligibility of the patient for certain clinical trials. E.g. Inclusion criterion for the trial is female patients with hot flashes. PROs can be used for confirmation of the measures. E.g. patients with morning stiffness are most likely to be suffered from rheumatoid disease. PROs can help to interpret other measures and also help to eliminate other possibilities. E.g. If the patient has breathlessness and the patient is a smoker then COPD can be expected rather than anemia. PROs are useful in determination of patient compliance or reasons for non-compliance. E.g. Are the side effects so severe? PROs may be used as study endpoint. E.g. Efficacy of analgesic drug by determining pain levels. [4]

In diseases like cancer it is important to determine the quality of life of the patient as patients with progression of cancer frequently experience multiple symptoms, economical burden, home management problems and lack of emotional well-being, all of which can adversely affect quality of life. [13] PROs are helpful in the determination of quality of life in cancer patients. Role of QOL/PROs in cancer care can be considered in the following conditions like [14]

  • Determination of negative effects of the adjuvant therapy
  • Identification of the needs for the supportive care
  • Comparison of two standard therapies having similar survival outcomes
  • Identification of negative effects of the therapy when survival time is long
  • To find out whether a new therapy is preferable to standard therapy
  • To determine whether a therapeutic regimen is better than supportive care only, when survival time is short
  • Targeting problems and making the communication easier in clinical practice

As PRO instruments are based upon the scores obtained by the patient without any interpretation; it gives a clear picture about the patient condition. PROs are useful for the patients, patient-family members and loved ones, healthcare providers, payers, regulatory authorities, technological assessors and researchers. PROs are beneficial for the patients as he/she asks for and experience the treatment. It is useful for patient family members and loved ones as they desire the best for the patient and themselves. The PRO data is also useful for healthcare providers and payers as they make a decision with patients on prescribing of treatments/therapy and pay for the treatment respectively. Information obtained from PRO can also be used by regulatory authorities (e.g. FDA) and technology assessors [e.g. National institute for health and clinical excellence (NICE)]. PRO studies make the consequences of the studies accessible through various publications like formulary submission dossiers, direct to consumer advertisements, journals and continuing medical educations (CME). [9],[15],[16]

Conclusively, PROs are unique indicators of impact of disease on the patient, helpful in empowerment of the patients, necessary for determination of efficacy of the treatment, by communication helpful in creating a rapport between patient and healthcare providers, useful in the interpretation of clinical outcomes and treatment decision making. [9]

   Types of PRO Instruments Top

Broadly, PRO instruments can be classified as per the measurement of the interested concept as [10],[17]

  • Generic (anticipated to detain a very wide variety of aspects of health status and the outcomes of illness and hence to be applicable to a wide range of patient groups) e.g. Psychological General Well-Being Index (PGWBI)
  • Disease specific e.g. Rheumatoid Arthritis Quality of Life questionnaire (RAQoL)
  • Dimension specific e.g. Physical Activity Index (PAI)
  • Region/site specific e.g. Cambridge Pulmonary Hypertension Outcome Review (CAMPHOR)
  • Individualized (instruments in which the respondent is allowed to select issues, concerns or domains of personal concern that are not predetermined by the investigator's list of questionnaire items) e.g. Schedule for the Evaluation of Individual Quality of Life (SEIQoL)
  • Utility measures (considered as generic type but with one particular form of numerical evaluation of healthiness) e.g. Utility measure for major, unipolar depression (McSad)
  • Summary items e.g. questions (regarding limiting enduring illness) in General Household Survey

    All types of PROs have their own advantages and disadvantages.

   Development of PRO Instrument Top

As per US-FDA, [3] [Figure 4] there are five steps for the development of a PRO instrument. First, there will be theorization of a conceptual network. It may include outlining of potential claims and hypothesized concepts, determination of intended population and application i.e. scores, mode and frequency of administration, performance of expert/literature review, development of the framework, assignment of PROs in preliminary endpoint model and documentation of the preliminary instrument.
Figure 4: Development of PRO instrument

Click here to view

The second step may include finding of the patient inputs, making of new items, assortment of recall period, response options and format, selection of mode of administration and data collection, conduction of patient cognitive discussion, pilot testing of the outlined instrument and documentation of content validity.

Third step may include the following-confirmation, assessment and finalization of the instrument, documentation of measurement progress. In assessment of the score reliability, construct validity and ability to detect change will be done.

Fourth step may contain- preparation of protocol and SAP (statistical analysis plan), compilation and analysis of data, assessment of treatment response (by means of responder definition and cumulative distribution), documentation of interpretation of treatment advantage (in relation to claim).

Fifth and last step in the development of the instrument is modification of the instrument which include- altering of phrasing of items, population response options and mode of administration, translation and culturally adaptation of the instrument, evaluation and documentation of the changes.

   Administration of PRO Instrument and Data Collection Top

Data collection by using a PRO instrument can be done in three ways [3] as by interview, self administration or combination of both. Live interviews may happen in person or by means of communication medium. Every method has its own positive and negative aspects. [4]

   Response Scales Top

It is a set of answer choices that fall into an order e.g. from highest to lowest. A scale may be composed of pictures, numbers or categories. [4] Following types of response scales or options may be used in a PRO instrument. [3] The response scales are mentioned with example in the [Table 2].
Table 2: Types of response scales

Click here to view

Recording of events is also one of the methods to determine the response that can be included by the patient. E.g. dairy maintained by the patient for the episodes of urination in night.

   Evaluation of PRO Top

For the evaluation of a PRO instrument following things may be checked [3]

  • Validity

    Content validity

    Construct validity

    Criterion validity
  • Reliability

    Test-retest or intra-interviewer reliability

    Internal consistency

    Inter-interviewer variability
  • Ability to detect change


It is the degree to which evidence and theory support the interpretations of test scores entailed by the proposed uses of tests. [18] Validity is not the property of the instrument i.e. PRO instrument but of instrument scores and their interpretations. [18],[19] Therefore, validity must be established for all proposed interpretation.

Content validity

It is the extent to which the instrument measures the concept of interest. [3] Content validity of the instrument can be performed qualitatively as well as quantitatively. [20] According to US-FDA(1), following attributes can be checked- item generation, data collection method and instrument administration mode, recall period, response options, instrument format instruction and training, patient cognition, scoring items and domains, respondent and administrator burden. The instrument should have proper evidence in the literature linking between concept being measured by the instrument and targeted claims. [3],[20] Quantitative analysis of the items is also desirable and helpful. [20] E.g. evaluation of how well items deal with complete continuum of patient experiences. Item response theory (IRT) and Rasch analysis can be used to evaluate item information curves and what fraction of the response continuum items address. [21],[22]

IRT is a powerful tool for the evaluation of the questionnaire (PRO instrument) both at item and scale levels and tailors use of the same to the patients. [23] Some important methodological considerations for IRT modeling are [24]

  • Should IRT methods be used by the researcher for the questionnaire?
  • Which IRT model should be used?
  • What sample size is needed for IRT analysis?

Rasch model is the only IRT model in which a person is characterized totally by the total score across the questions/items. Further to add, it is the simplest of such models having least number of the parameters for the person and only one constraint for each category of an item. It may be used to verify the degree to which scoring and summing is justifiable in the collected data and how well the information fit in the model. [25]

Construct validity

It is defined as evidence that relationships among concepts, domains and items conform to a priori hypotheses concerning logical relationships that should exist with other measures or characteristics of patients and patient groups. [3] It includes convergent, divergent and known groups' validity. In construct validity, measures of constructs theoretically should be related to each other and should in fact observe to be related to each other. In the similar way, in discriminant validity, one should be able to discriminate between dissimilar constructs. [26] In known groups' validity, evidence for the thing that the instrument can differentiate between clinically distinct groups is checked. [3]

Criterion validity

It is nothing but the extent to which the scores of a PRO instrument are related to a known gold standard measure of the same concept. [3]

Here, the performance of the operationalization is checked against some criterion. In content validity, the criteria are the construct definition itself i.e. it is the direct judgment while in criterion validity, often there is a prediction about how the operationalization will perform based on the theory of construct. It may be of two types as "predictive" and "concurrent". In the former one there is assessment of the ability to predict something in the real world which is present theoretically. For instance, if there is measurement of slowness of movement in Parkinson's disease, we could give our measure to the respective patients and see if there is a high correlation between the scores and the degree of slowness. The presence of high correlation makes available an evidence for "predictive validity". In concurrent validity, there is assessment of the ability of the item to distinguish between the groups in real world as mentioned theoretically. E.g. in the assessment of breathlessness, the item should be able to distinguish between asthma and COPD. [26]

Practically, it is difficult to determine the criterion validity as there is no gold standard for most PROs. [3]


It is the ability of a PRO instrument to yield reproducible and consistent estimates of true treatment effect. [3] It is a necessary (but not adequate) component of validity. [27],[28] To establish the reliability of the scores before using the PRO-instrument in practice, it is necessary that there should be sufficient accrual of evidence. [29] It can be predicted by three ways as 1) test-retest reliability- it is a measure of the ability of a psychologic testing instrument to yield the same result for a single Patient at 2 different test periods, which are closely spaced so that any variation detected reflects reliability of the instrument rather than changes in the Patient's status. [30] It may be considered as intra-interviewer reliability for interviewer administered PROs. This type of reliability is checked by intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). [3] As per the generic definition ICC is the ratio of true variance i.e. the variability between the targets and observed variance i.e. the total variance-true variance plus other variance.Time period between test and retest is an important factor here. 2) Internal consistency-The consistency of the results delivered in a test, ensuring that the various items measuring the different constructs deliver consistent scores. [31] Internal consistency is determined with Cronbach's alpha. Cronbach's alpha is coefficient of reliability. [32] It is defined as [33]

Where, K = the number of items

= the variance of the observed total test scores

= the variance of component i for the current sample of persons

The α value theoretically ranges from 0 to 1. The value of ≥0.7 is considered to be optimum. Item-total correlation is yet another test that may be considered for internal consistency. It is the measure of the association between an item and the total score from the set of the items within the scale. [34] It can be measured by using Pearson correlation coefficient. If the value of the Pearson correlation coefficient is high then stronger is the relationship between the items. 3) Inter-interviewer reliability - It determines the changes in the results when the instrument is administered by two or more interviewers. It is generally measured by Pearson's 'r' value.

Ability to detect the change

It is considered to be an important part in the evaluation of PRO instrument. The instrument should be able to detect the changes in the expected outcomes. For instance if there is an instrument which is determining the quality of life of breast cancer patient, then it should be able to predict the quality of life after the treatment. The quality of life score should be able to predict the improvement/stability in condition/worsening. Ability of the instrument to detect the changes may be affected by the various factors as per the type and concept to be determined. [3]

   Electronic PRO Top

Here the outcomes of the patients are collected by using electronic methods like electronic diaries, computers, telephones etc. The use of Electronic PRO (e-PRO) are found to be beneficial than paper based PRO. [35] e-PROs avoid data entry errors, give immediate access to data, enable to trigger alerts/notifications, reduce the missing information as compared to paper-based PRO, increase patient's willingness to report sensitive information. Further to add, data obtained from e-PRO gives real-time tracking of survey compliance. Some important barriers in use of e-PRO are- increased expense, limited time for patient-training and infrastructure study site. There may be some cultural resistance for the administration of electronic instrument. [36]

The use of e-PRO was found to successful in various recent clinical trials. [37],[38]

   Summary Top

  • Important concepts to be known - PRO, Concept, Domain, Item, End-point model, Conceptual framework, Conceptual equivalence, HRQOL
  • Ideal properties of PRO instrument - Concept specific, End-point model, Based on conceptual framework, Optimum number of items, Reproducibility, Easy accessibility of scales by patients, Availability of proper evidence, Conceptual equivalence, Maintenance of confidentiality.
  • Types of PRO instruments - Generic, Disease specific, Dimension specific, Region specific, individualized, Utility measures, Survey items
  • Development of PRO instrument- (Steps)
    • Theorization of a conceptual framework;
    • Adjustment of the conceptual framework and outlining instrument;
    • Authentication of the framework and evaluation of further measurement properties;
    • Assemble, examine and interpret data;
    • Adapt the PRO instrument
  • Types of response scales - Likert scale, visual analog scale (VAS), Anchored VAS, Pictorial scale, Rating scale, Checklist
  • Evaluation of PRO instrument-
    • Validity - Content, Construct, Criterion;
    • Reliability - Test-retest reliability, internal consistency, inter-interviewer reliability
    • Ability to detect change

   References Top

1.International Alliance of Patients' Organizations. What is Patient-centred Health Care? A Review of Definitions and Principles, 2 nd ed. London:IAPO;2007. p. 1-34.  Back to cited text no. 1
2.Institute of Medicine, Crossing the Quality Chasm-A New Health System for the 21 st Century, 1 st Ed. Washington, DC:National Academies Press;2001  Back to cited text no. 2
3.U.S Department of Health and Human Services Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry: Patient-Reported Outcome Measures: Use in Medical Product Development to Support Labeling Claims. U.S. FDA, Clinical/Medical 2009 available form: [http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/Guidances/UCM193282.pdf]. [Last Accessed on2011 Apr 20].  Back to cited text no. 3
4.Chin R, Lee BY. Economics and patient reported outcomes, Principles and practice of clinical trial medicine, London, Amsterdam, Burlington, San Diego:Elsevier Inc;2008 p.145-66.  Back to cited text no. 4
5.Singh DP. Quality of life in cancer patients receiving palliative care. Indian J Palliat Care 2010;16:36-43.  Back to cited text no. 5
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
6.Kozma CM, Reeder CE, Schulz RM. Economic, clinical, and humanistic outcomes: a planning model for pharmacoeconomic research. ClinTher 1993;15:1121-32; discussion 1120.  Back to cited text no. 6
7.ShieldsA, Gwaltney C, Paty J, Shiffman S. Distinguishing Among Symptom vs. Health Related Quality of Life PRO Concepts: Developing a Conceptual Framework August 22, 2006.Available from;http://www.invivodata.com/media/files/PRO%20Consulting_White%20Paper_Symptoms%20and%20HRQOL.pdf. [Last Accessed on 2011 May 20]  Back to cited text no. 7
8.Pashos CL, Klein EG,Wanke LA (editors). ISPOR Lexicon™. Princeton: International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research . NJ 1998.  Back to cited text no. 8
9.Acquadro C, Berzon R, Dubois D, Leidy NK, Marquis P, Revicki D, et al. Incorporating the Patient's Perspective into Drug Development and Communication: An Ad Hoc Task Force Report of the Patient-Reported Outcomes (PRO) Harmonization Group Meeting at the Food and Drug Administration, February 16, 2001. Value Health2003;6:522-31.  Back to cited text no. 9
10.Fitzpatrick R, Davey C, Buxton MJ, Jones DR. Evaluating patient-based outcome measures for use in clinical trials. Health Technol Assess 1998;2:1-74.  Back to cited text no. 10
11.Chen H, Taichman DB, Doyle RL. Health-related quality of life and patient-reported outcomes in pulmonary arterial hypertension.Proc Am ThoracSoc 2008;5:623-30.  Back to cited text no. 11
12.Chao J, Nau DP, Aikens JE. Patient-reported perceptions of side effects of antihyperglycemic medication and adherence to medication regimens in persons with diabetes mellitus.clinTher 2007;29:177-80.  Back to cited text no. 12
13.Miller R,Walsh D. Psychosocial aspects of palliative care in advanced cancer. J Pain Symptom Manage 1991;6:24-9.  Back to cited text no. 13
14.Yarbro CH, Wujcik D, Gobel BH. Quality of life as an outcome in cancer care. Cancer Nursing: Principles and Practice. Sudbury, Ontario, London; John and Bartlett;2011. p. 201-18.  Back to cited text no. 14
15.Assessing and reporting outcomes important to patients in clinical trials and Cochrane reviews XV Cochrane collaboration 25 Oct. 2007 by Donald L. Patrick. Available from:http://www.colloquiumbrasil.info/program/public/documents/plenary_2b_patrick-151949.pdf. [Last Accessed on 2011 June 1].  Back to cited text no. 15
16.Willke RJ. Measuring the value of treatment to patients: Patient-reported outcomes in drug development. Am Health Drug Benefits 2008;1:34-40.  Back to cited text no. 16
17.Patient reported outcomes quality of life outcomes instruments database. Mapi research institute. Available from: http://www.proqolid.org/proqolid/search__1/alphabetical_list[Last Accessed on 2011 Apr 1].  Back to cited text no. 17
18.American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, National Council on Measurement in Education. Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing. Washington, DC:American Educational Research Association; 1999.  Back to cited text no. 18
19.Messick S. Validity. In: Linn RL, editor. Educational Measurement,3rd Ed. New York: American Council on Education and Macmillan;1989.  Back to cited text no. 19
20.Assessing Respondent Understanding of Newly-Developed Patient-Reported Outcome (PRO) Instruments for Medical Product Evaluation: ISPOR PRO Good Research Practices on Establishing and Reporting Evidence of Content Validity Task Force Report - Part IIAvailable from: www.ispor.org/taskforces/.../ISPOR-PRO-CV-TF-2-Assessing-for-Understanding-for-REVIEW.pdf [Last Accessed on 2001 Mar 25].  Back to cited text no. 20
21.Andrich D. Rasch models for measurement. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications; 1988.   Back to cited text no. 21
22.Hambleton R, Swaminathan H, Rogers HJ. Fundamentals of item response theory. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Press; 1991.   Back to cited text no. 22
23.Bryce Reeve, Ph.D. Applications of Item Response Theory (IRT) Modeling for Building and Evaluating Questionnaires Measuring Patient-Reported Outcomes. Available from:  Back to cited text no. 23
24.http://www.outcomes.cancer.gov/conference/irt/reeve.pdf [Last accessed on 2011 Jul 15].  Back to cited text no. 24
25.BB Reeve, P Fayers. Applying item response theory modeling for evaluating questionnaire item and scale properties. Available from:fds.oup.com/www.oup.com/pdf/13/9780198527695.pdf. [Last Accessed on 2011 May 25].  Back to cited text no. 25
26.Rasch Analysis RUMM2020 is the Trademark of RUMMLaboratory Pty Ltd.Available from: http://www.rasch-analysis.com/rasch-measurement.htm[Last accessed on 2011 Jul 15].  Back to cited text no. 26
27.Research methods knowledge base. Available from:http://www.socialresearchmethods.netLast Revised: 10/20/2006. [Last accessed on 2011 Mar 27]  Back to cited text no. 27
28.Downing SM. Validity: On the meaningful interpretation of assessment data. Med Educ 2003;37:830-7.   Back to cited text no. 28
29.Feldt LS, Brennan RL. Reliability. In: Linn RL, editor. Educational Measurement, 3rd Ed. New York: American Council on Education and Macmillan; 1989.   Back to cited text no. 29
30.CookDA, BeckmanTJ. Current Concepts in Validity and Reliability for Psychometric Instruments: Theory and Application.Am J Med2006;119:166.e7-166.e16.  Back to cited text no. 30
31.Farlex. Huntington Valley, PA: Farlex; The Free Dictionary. Dictionary/Thesaurus >test-retest reliability [Web definition] Available on: http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/test-retest+reliability. Accessed 20 Aug 2011  Back to cited text no. 31
32.Internal consistency reliability. Available from: http://www.experiment-resources.com/internal-consistency-reliability.html. [Last Accessed on 2011 Mar 30].  Back to cited text no. 32
33.Cronbach LJ. Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychometrika 1951;16:297-334.   Back to cited text no. 33
34.Devellis RF. Scale Development Theory and Applications, London. Sage Publications, 1991. p. 24-33.  Back to cited text no. 34
35.Key terms, abbreviations, and definitions. Available from:http://outcomes.cancer.gov/conference/irt/key_terms.pdf. [Last Accessed on 2011 Mar 30].  Back to cited text no. 35
36.Coons SJ, Gwaltney CJ, Hays RD, Lundy JJ, Sloan JA, RevickiDA, et al. ISPOR ePRO Task Force. Recommendations on evidence needed to support measurement equivalence between electronic and paper-based patient reported outcome (PRO) measure: ISPOR ePRO Good Research Practices Task Force Report. Value Health 2009;12:419-29.  Back to cited text no. 36
37.Prescribing Information Climara Pro® (Estradiol/Levonorgestrel Transdermal System) Available from: http://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?id=10549#nlm34076-0. [Last Accessed on 2011 Jul 15].  Back to cited text no. 37
38.Kearney N, McCann L, Norrie J, Taylor L, Gray P, McGee-Lennon M, et al. Evaluation of a mobile phone-based, advanced symptom management system (ASyMS) in the management of chemotherapy-related toxicity. Support Care Cancer 2009;17:437-44.  Back to cited text no. 38


  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4]

  [Table 1], [Table 2]

This article has been cited by
1 Characteristics of Future Models of Integrated Outpatient Care
Alan Leviton,Julia Oppenheimer,Madeline Chiujdea,Annalee Antonetty,Oluwafemi William Ojo,Stephanie Garcia,Sarah Weas,Eric Fleegler,Eugenia Chan,Tobias Loddenkemper
Healthcare. 2019; 7(2): 65
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
2 Qualitative study of implementation of patient self-reported measures in a consultation-liaison psychiatry practice
Aaron Spaulding,Lisa Nordan,Lorrie Blanchfield,Gladys B. Asiedu,Jean Saltivan,Stacey Pecenka,Ryan Uitti,James Naessens,Shehzad Niazi
Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
3 Patients’ perspectives on acromegaly diagnostic delay: a qualitative study
Jordan Sibeoni,Emilie Manolios,Laurence Verneuil,Philipe Chanson,Anne Revah-Levy
European Journal of Endocrinology. 2019; 180(6): 339
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
4 Patient perspectives on the process and outcomes of psychiatric genetic counseling: An “Empowering Encounter ”
Alicia Semaka,Jehannine Austin
Journal of Genetic Counseling. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
5 Patient-reported outcomes of the relative severity of side effects from cancer radiotherapy
Patrick A. Williams,Shu Cao,Dongyun Yang,Richard L. Jennelle
Supportive Care in Cancer. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
6 Chronic Condition Measurement Requires Engagement, Not Measurement Alone
Andrea M. Austin,Don Carmichael,Scott Berry,Wendolyn S. Gozansky,Eugene C. Nelson,Jonathan S. Skinner,Paul J. Barr
Journal of Ambulatory Care Management. 2019; 42(4): 295
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
7 Researching the Appropriateness of Care in the Complementary and Integrative Health Professions Part 3: Designing Instruments With Patient Input
Margaret D. Whitley,Ian D. Coulter,Ryan W. Gery,Ron D. Hays,Cathy Sherbourne,Patricia M. Herman,Lara G. Hilton
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
8 High-intensity interval training in the therapy and aftercare of cancer patients: a systematic review with meta-analysis
Hendrik Mugele,Nils Freitag,Jannik Wilhelmi,Yanxiang Yang,Sulin Cheng,Wilhelm Bloch,Moritz Schumann
Journal of Cancer Survivorship. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
9 Validation of a Quality of Life Instrument in Spanish Patients With Rheumatic Diseases
Leticia Leon,Luis Rodriguez-Rodriguez,Maria Dolores Aguilar,Juan Ángel Jover,Cristina Vadillo,Marta Redondo,Lydia Abasolo
JCR: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology. 2019; 25(2): 78
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
10 Health-related quality of life, psychosocial functioning, and unmet health needs in patients with sarcoma: A systematic review
Joshua McDonough,Jaklin Eliott,Susan Neuhaus,Jessica Reid,Phyllis Butow
Psycho-Oncology. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
11 Minimal Associations Between Clinical Data and Childrenæs Self-Reported Health-Related Quality of Life in Children With Chronic Conditions—A Cross-Sectional Study
Kathrin I. Fischer,Dana Barthel,Christiane Otto,Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer,Ute Thyen,Marcus Klein,Otto Walter,Matthias Rose,Sandra Nolte
Frontiers in Pediatrics. 2019; 7
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
12 Outcomes Following Replantation/Revascularization in the Hand
Hoyune E. Cho,Sandra V. Kotsis,Kevin C. Chung
Hand Clinics. 2019; 35(2): 207
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
13 The validity, reliability and minimal clinically important difference of the patient specific functional scale in snake envenomation
Charles J. Gerardo,Joao R. N. Vissoci,Leonardo P. de Oliveira,Victoria E. Anderson,Eugenia Quackenbush,Brandon Lewis,S. Rutherfoord Rose,Spencer Greene,Eric A. Toschlog,Nathan P. Charlton,Michael E. Mullins,Richard Schwartz,David Denning,Kapil Sharma,Kurt Kleinschmidt,Sean P. Bush,Nicklaus P. Brandehoff,Eric J. Lavonas,Chung-Ying Lin
PLOS ONE. 2019; 14(3): e0213077
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
14 Appearance in acne: an often-overlooked concept
M. Gabes
British Journal of Dermatology. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
15 The Patient Acceptable Symptom State for the Harris Hip Score Following Total Hip Arthroplasty Validated thresholds at 3 months, 1, 3, 5, and 7 years follow-up
Vincent Galea,Isabella Florissi,Pakdee Rojanasopondist,James W. Connelly,Lina Holm Ingelsrud,Charles Bragdon,Henrik Malchau,Anders Troelsen
The Journal of Arthroplasty. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
16 Why imaging data alone is not enough: AI-based integration of imaging, omics, and clinical data
Andreas Holzinger,Benjamin Haibe-Kains,Igor Jurisica
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
17 Systematic review of methodology used in clinical studies evaluating the benefits of proton beam therapy
Mercy Ofuya,Lucy McParland,Louise Murray,Sarah Brown,David Sebag-Montefiore,Emma Hall
Clinical and Translational Radiation Oncology. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
18 Is a Single Preliminary Session of In-office Bleaching Beneficial for the Effectiveness of At-home Tooth Bleaching? A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
SC Vaez,ACC Correia,TR Santana,MLC Santana,AC Peixoto,PC Leal,AL Faria-e-Silva
Operative Dentistry. 2019; 44(4): E180
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
19 Quality of life outcomes in multiple myeloma patients: a summary of recent clinical trials
Massimo Martino,Marco Rossi,Anna Ferreri,Barbara Loteta,Antonella Morabito,Tiziana Moscato,Giuseppe Console,Vanessa Innao,Virginia Naso,Pasquale Fabio Provenzano,Anna Grazia Recchia,Massimo Gentile
Expert Review of Hematology. 2019; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
20 Structured literature review of patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments in adult tonsillectomy or tonsillotomy
Alicia Seethaler,Claudia Rudack,Christoph Spiekermann
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2019; 17(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
21 Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation (SANE) is a reliable metric to measure clinically significant improvements following shoulder arthroplasty
Anirudh K. Gowd,Michael D. Charles,Joseph N. Liu,Simon P. Lalehzarian,Brandon C. Cabarcas,Brandon J. Manderle,Gregory P. Nicholson,Anthony A. Romeo,Nikhil N. Verma
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
22 A systematic review of patient-reported outcome measures used in shoulder instability research
Joseph H. Whittle,Susan E. Peters,Silvia Manzanero,Phillip F. Duke
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
23 Future Approaches to Precision Oncology–Based Clinical Trials
Arjun Mittra,Jeffrey A. Moscow
The Cancer Journal. 2019; 25(4): 300
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
24 Patient-reported outcome measures for acute and chronic pain
Esther Pogatzki-Zahn,Kathrin Schnabel,Ulrike Kaiser
Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology. 2019; 32(5): 616
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
25 Patient-Reported Outcome Measures for Adults With Kidney Disease: Current Measures, Ongoing Initiatives, and Future Opportunities for Incorporation Into Patient-Centered Kidney Care
Devika Nair,F. Perry Wilson
American Journal of Kidney Diseases. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
26 Correlation of Single Assessment Numerical Evaluation Score for Sport and Activities of Daily Living to Modified Harris Hip Score and Hip Outcome Score in Patients Undergoing Arthroscopic Hip Surgery
Brian C. Lau,Melissa Scribani,Tally Lassiter,Jocelyn Wittstein
The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2019; 47(11): 2646
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
27 Recommendations for selection of self-report pain intensity measures in children and adolescents
Kathryn A. Birnie,Amos S. Hundert,Chitra Lalloo,Cynthia Nguyen,Jennifer N. Stinson
PAIN. 2019; 160(1): 5
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
28 Single-item discrimination of quality-of-life-altering dysphagia among 714 long-term oropharyngeal cancer survivors: Comparison of patient-reported outcome measures of swallowing
Stephen Grant,Mona Kamal,Abdallah S. R. Mohamed,Jhankruti Zaveri,Martha P. Barrow,G. Brandon Gunn,Stephen Y. Lai,Jan S. Lewin,David I. Rosenthal,Xin Shelley Wang,Clifton D. Fuller,Katherine A. Hutcheson
Cancer. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
29 Utilization of a Wide Array of Nonvalidated Outcome Scales in Pediatric Orthopaedic Publications
Walter H. Truong,Meghan J. Price,Kunal N. Agarwal,Joash R. Suryavanshi,Sahana Somasegar,Micha Thompson,Peter D. Fabricant,Emily R. Dodwell
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 2019; 39(2): e153
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
30 Evaluation of Measurement Properties of Patient-Reported Outcome Measures After Rhinoplasty
Floris V. W. J. van Zijl,L. B. Mokkink,J. A. Haagsma,Frank R. Datema
JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
31 PROs in the wild: Assessing the validity of patient reported outcomes in an electronic registry
Federico Cabitza,Linda Greta Dui,Giuseppe Banfi
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
32 The power of the group: comparison of interviews and group concept mapping for identifying patient-important outcomes of care
Kristin L. Rising,Marianna LaNoue,Alexzandra T. Gentsch,Amanda M. B. Doty,Amy Cunningham,Brendan G. Carr,Judd E. Hollander,Lori Latimer,Larry Loebell,Gail Weingarten,Neva White,Geoffrey Mills
BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2019; 19(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
33 Electronic Patient-Reported Outcome Collection Systems in Orthopaedic Clinical Practice
Vincent A. Lizzio,Mihir S. Dekhne,Eric C. Makhni
JBJS Reviews. 2019; 7(7): e2
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
34 Patient-Reported Satisfaction and Study Drug Discontinuation: Post-Hoc Analysis of Findings from ROCKET AF
Leo Ungar,Fatima Rodriguez,Anne S. Hellkamp,Richard C. Becker,Scott D. Berkowitz,Guenter Breithardt,Keith A. A. Fox,Werner Hacke,Jonathan L. Halperin,Graeme J. Hankey,Christopher C. Nessel,Daniel E. Singer,Manesh R. Patel,Jonathan P. Piccini,Kenneth W. Mahaffey
Cardiology and Therapy. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
35 An introduction to patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in trauma
Grace M. Turner,Anita Slade,Ameeta Retzer,Christel McMullan,Derek Kyte,Antonio Belli,Melanie Calvert
Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 2019; 86(2): 314
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
36 Parent and child perception of quality of life in a randomized controlled peanut oral immunotherapy trial
Tonje Reier-Nilsen,Karin C. Lødrup Carlsen,Merethe Melbye Michelsen,Sebastian Drottning,Kai-Håkon Carlsen,Chi Zhang,Magnus P. Borres,Geir Håland
Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
37 Comparison between an electronic version of the foot and ankle outcome score and the standard paper version
Jae Yong Park,Bom Soo Kim,Hyun June Lee,Yu Mi Kim,Hyong Nyun Kim,Hwa Jun Kang,Jae Ho Cho,SeongJu Choi,Youngrak Choi
Medicine. 2019; 98(40): e17440
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
38 Health Data Processes: A Framework for Analyzing and Discussing Efficient Use and Reuse of Health Data With a Focus on Patient-Reported Outcome Measures
Niels Henrik Ingvar Hjollund,José Maria Valderas,Derek Kyte,Melanie Jane Calvert
Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2019; 21(5): e12412
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
39 Exercise for Solid Organ Transplant Candidates and Recipients
Tania Janaudis-Ferreira,Sunita Mathur,Robin Deliva,Nancy Howes,Catherine Patterson,Agnès Räkel,Stephanie So,Lisa Wickerson,Michel White,Yaron Avitzur,Olwyn Johnston,Norine Heywood,Sunita Singh,Sandra Holdsworth
Transplantation. 2019; 103(9): e220
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
40 The Relationship Between Patient Reported Dysphagia Symptom Severity and Swallowing Related Quality of Life in Patients with Neurological Disorders
Selen Serel Arslan,Numan Demir,A. Ayse Karaduman
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences. 2019; 9(1): 54
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
41 A Case Management System for Integrating Patient-reported Outcome Assessment in Clinical Practice
David Zahrieh,Alex Alexander,Briant Fruth,Angelina D. Tan,Jennifer Le-Rademacher,Rahma Warsame,Katrina Croghan,Jeff A. Sloan
Medical Care. 2019; 57: S73
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
42 Psychometric Validation of the Autism Impact Measure (AIM)
Richard Houghton,Brigitta Monz,Kiely Law,Georg Loss,Stephanie Le Scouiller,Frank de Vries,Tom Willgoss
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
43 Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Hand Function Sort in patients with complaints of hand and/or wrist
Annemiek Muskee,Redmar J. Berduszek,Rienk Dekker,Michiel F. Reneman,Corry K. van der Sluis
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 2019; 20(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
44 Development of a patient reported outcome measures for measuring the impact of visual impairment following stroke
Lauren R. Hepworth,Fiona J. Rowe,Girvan Burnside
BMC Health Services Research. 2019; 19(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
45 Minimally Important Difference in the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score Among Patients Undergoing Hallux Valgus Surgery
Sameer Desai,Alexander C. Peterson,Kevin Wing,Alastair Younger,Trafford Crump,Guiping Liu,Andrea Veljkovic,Murray Penner,Jason M. Sutherland
Foot & Ankle International. 2019; 40(6): 694
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
46 Healthcare in the pocket: A qualitative analysis of patients? perspectives of an mHealth application to foster power in everyday living with schizophrenia (Preprint)
Malene Terp,Rikke Jørgensen,Birgitte Schantz Laursen,Jan Mainz,Charlotte D. Bjørnes
JMIR Mental Health. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
47 Radiological grading of osteoarthritis on Rosenberg view has a significant correlation with clinical outcomes after medial open-wedge high-tibial osteotomy
Kyung Wook Nha,Seung Min Oh,Yoon Won Ha,Manoj Kumar Patel,Ji Hyun Seo,Byung Hoon Lee
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
48 Approaches to rapid acting insulin intensification in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus not achieving glycemic targets
Alexandra Migdal,Martin Abrahamson,Anne Peters,Nan Vint
Annals of Medicine. 2018; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
49 Caring electronically for young outpatients who have epilepsy
Julia Oppenheimer,Alan Leviton,Madeline Chiujdea,Annalee Antonetty,Oluwafemi William Ojo,Stephanie Garcia,Sarah Weas,Eric W. Fleegler,Eugenia Chan,Tobias Loddenkemper
Epilepsy & Behavior. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
50 Primary dysmenorrhea with and without premenstrual syndrome: variation in quality of life over menstrual phases
Farideh Quick,Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi,Mojgan Mirghafourvand
Quality of Life Research. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
51 Quality of life on long-term parenteral nutrition
Yaron Avitzur,Mar Miserachs
Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation. 2018; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
52 A review of preference-based measures for the assessment of quality of life in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy
Christine Mpundu-Kaambwa,Gang Chen,Elisabeth Huynh,Remo Russo,Julie Ratcliffe
Quality of Life Research. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
53 Un réseau de pairs pour l’éducation thérapeutique des patients atteints de diabète de type 2 au Mali
Stéphane Besançon,Cynthia Fleury
Soins. 2018; 63(828): 55
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
54 Perspectives of Patients with Insulin-Treated Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes on Hypoglycemia: Results of the HAT Observational Study in Central and Eastern European Countries
Martin Haluzik,Adam Kretowski,Krzysztof Strojek,Leszek Czupryniak,Andrej Janez,Peter Kempler,Michal Andel,Tsvetalina Tankova,Mihail Boyanov,Lea Smircic Duvnjak,Laszlo Madacsy,Iwona Tarnowska,Marcin Zychma,Nebojsa Lalic
Diabetes Therapy. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
55 Functional Impact of Congenital Hand Differences: Early Results From the Congenital Upper Limb Differences (CoULD) Registry
Donald S. Bae,Maria F. Canizares,Patricia E. Miller,Peter M. Waters,Charles A. Goldfarb
The Journal of Hand Surgery. 2018; 43(4): 321
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
56 Factors associated with health-related quality of life, hip function, and health utility after operative management of femoral neck fractures
S. Sprague,M. Bhandari,M. J. Heetveld,S. Liew,T. Scott,S. Bzovsky,D. Heels-Ansdell,Q. Zhou,M. Swiontkowski,E. H. Schemitsch
The Bone & Joint Journal. 2018; 100-B(3): 361
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
57 Key design and analysis principles for quality of life and patient-reported outcomes in clinical trials
Joseph M. Unger,Riha Vaidya,John L. Gore
Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
58 Chronic Anterior Uveitis in Children: Psychosocial Challenges for Patients and Their Families
Delana M. Parker,Sheila T. Angeles-Han,Annette L. Stanton,Gary N. Holland
American Journal of Ophthalmology. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
59 Variability of PROMIS Scores Across Hand Conditions
Casey M. Beleckas,William Gerull,Melissa Wright,Jason Guattery,Ryan P. Calfee
The Journal of Hand Surgery. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
60 Correlation of Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System Physical Function Upper Extremity Computer Adaptive Testing, With the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Shoulder Assessment Form and Simple Shoulder Test in Patients With Shoulder Pain
Chelsea E. Minoughan,Adam P. Schumaier,John L. Fritch,Brian M. Grawe
Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
61 Functional Status Examination in Patients with Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries
Joan Machamer,Nancy Temkin,Geoffrey Manley,Sureyya Dikmen
Journal of Neurotrauma. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
62 An observational study to assess the outcomes of treatment of patients with stable angina after planned percutaneous coronary intervention: baseline patient characteristics
L. G. Ratova,E. N. Parizhskaya,K. A. Kovaleva,A. O. Nedoshivin,O. D. Nemyatykh,V. V. Pulit,A. O. Konradi
Russian Journal of Cardiology. 2018; (12): 52
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
63 A preliminary investigation examining patient reported outcome measures for low back pain and utilisation amongst chiropractors in Australia: facilitators and barriers to clinical implementation
Natalie Clohesy,Anthony Schneiders
Chiropractic & Manual Therapies. 2018; 26(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
64 Quality of Life and Disability in Patients Candidate for Lumbar Spinal Fusion Surgery
Rahim Roeintan,Ahmadreza Khoshroo,Alireza Khoshnevisan,Alireza Arefidoust,Hamid Reza Rasouli
Trauma Monthly. 2018; In Press(In Press)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
65 Health-related quality of life, psychological distress, and symptom burden in an Asian population of outpatients with atrial fibrillation
Hui Ching Tan,Karen Wei Ling Koh,Vivien Xi Wu,Toon Wei Lim,Wenru Wang
Heart & Lung. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
66 A Pilot Observational Study of Hypoglycemia: Patient Reporting Using a Web-Based Portal Compared to Paper Surveys
Kalyani Murthy,Hannah Caldwell,Mary Beth Hodge,Leigh M. Taylor,Violeta Ristic,Neil Minkoff,Josephine M. Norquist
Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology. 2018; 12(2): 543
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
67 Cost and cost-effectiveness studies in urologic oncology using large administrative databases
Ye Wang,Matthew Mossanen,Steven L. Chang
Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
68 Severity classification of the quality of recovery-15 score—An observational study.
Jakob Kleif,Ismail Gögenur
Journal of Surgical Research. 2018; 225: 101
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
69 Implementing electronic patient-reported outcomes measurements: challenges and success factors
Lisa Nordan,Lorrie Blanchfield,Shehzad Niazi,Juliet Sattar,Courtney Elizabeth Coakes,Ryan Uitti,Michael Vizzini,James M Naessens,Aaron Spaulding
BMJ Quality & Safety. 2018; 27(10): 852
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
70 Rasch analysis of the Lower Extremity Functional Scale for foot and ankle patients
Jussi P. Repo,Erkki J. Tukiainen,Risto P. Roine,Mika Sampo,Henrik Sandelin,Arja H. Häkkinen
Disability and Rehabilitation. 2018; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
71 Patient-reported outcome measures used in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis: a systematic review
Fatima Isa,Grace M. Turner,Geetinder Kaur,Derek Kyte,Anita Slade,Tanya Pankhurst,Larissa Kerecuk,Thomas Keeley,James Ferguson,Melanie Calvert
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2018; 16(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
72 Cognitive functioning and quality of life in patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis on long-term levothyroxine replacement
Marina Djurovic,Alberto M. Pereira,Johannes W. A. Smit,Olga Vasovic,Svetozar Damjanovic,Zvezdana Jemuovic,Dragan Pavlovic,Dragana Miljic,Sandra Pekic,Marko Stojanovic,Milika Asanin,Gordana Krljanac,Milan Petakov
Endocrine. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
73 Using Self-Reported Patient Experiences to Understand Patient Burden: Learnings from Digital Patient Communities in Ankylosing Spondylitis
Prashanth Sunkureddi,Dawn Gibson,Stephen Doogan,John Heid,Samir Benosman,Yujin Park
Advances in Therapy. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
74 French Patients with Hepatitis C Treated with Direct-Acting Antiviral Combinations: The Effect on Patient-Reported Outcomes
Patrice Cacoub,Marc Bourliere,Tarik Asselah,Victor De Ledinghen,Philippe Mathurin,Christophe Hézode,Linda Henry,Maria Stepanova,Zobair M. Younossi
Value in Health. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
75 Patient-reported improvements of pain, disability and health-related quality of life following chiropractic care for back pain – A national observational study in Sweden
F. Gedin,V. Dansk,A.-C. Egmar,T. Sundberg,K. Burström
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
76 Wound irrigation does not affect health-related quality of life after open fractures: results of a randomized controlled trial
S. Sprague,B. Petrisor,K. Jeray,P. McKay,D. Heels-Ansdell,E. Schemitsch,S. Liew,G. Guyatt,S. D. Walter,M. Bhandari
The Bone & Joint Journal. 2018; 100-B(1): 88
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
77 HLA-DQ:gluten tetramer test in blood gives better detection of coeliac patients than biopsy after 14-day gluten challenge
Vikas K Sarna,Gry I Skodje,Henrik M Reims,Louise F Risnes,Shiva Dahal-Koirala,Ludvig M Sollid,Knut E A Lundin
Gut. 2018; 67(9): 1606
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
78 Valuing health-related quality of life: systematic variation in health perception
Manuel Huber,Martin Vogelmann,Reiner Leidl
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2018; 16(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
79 Addressing the quality of life needs of older patients with cancer: a SIOG consensus paper and practical guide
F Scotté,P Bossi,E Carola,T Cudennec,P Dielenseger,F Gomes,S Knox,F Strasser
Annals of Oncology. 2018; 29(8): 1718
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
80 Comparing patient-reported outcomes entered at home versus at hospital, and testing touch screens for initial recruitment to scientific trials in arthritis patients
AE Secher,B Glintborg,H Gudbergsen,NS Krogh,IJ Sørensen,DV Jensen,R Christensen,M Skougaard,PL Pedersen,ML Hetland
Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. 2018; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
81 Patient-reported outcomes associated with different restorative techniques in pediatric dentistry: A systematic review and MTC meta-analysis
Nathalia Miranda Ladewig,Tamara Kerber Tedesco,Thaís Gimenez,Mariana Minatel Braga,Daniela Prócida Raggio,Nagendra Kumar Kaushik
PLOS ONE. 2018; 13(12): e0208437
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
82 A beta-binomial mixed-effects model approach for analysing longitudinal discrete and bounded outcomes
Josu Najera-Zuloaga,Dae-Jin Lee,Inmaculada Arostegui
Biometrical Journal. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
83 Uterosacral vault suspension (USLS) at the time of hysterectomy: laparoscopic versus vaginal approach
Sara Houlihan,Shunaha Kim-Fine,Colin Birch,Selphee Tang,Erin A. Brennand
International Urogynecology Journal. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
84 Determinants of patient satisfaction in outpatient musculoskeletal physiotherapy: a systematic, qualitative meta-summary, and meta-synthesis
Giacomo Rossettini,Teresa Maria Latini,Alvisa Palese,Susan M. Jack,Diego Ristori,Serena Gonzatto,Marco Testa
Disability and Rehabilitation. 2018; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
85 The effects of multidisciplinary psychosocial interventions on adult cancer patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Hilde Tinderholt Myrhaug,Julia Aneth Mbalilaki,Nataskja-Elena Kersting Lie,Tone Hansen,Jan Egil Nordvik
Disability and Rehabilitation. 2018; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
86 AOFAS Position Statement Regarding Patient-Reported Outcome Measures
Harold B. Kitaoka,James E. Meeker,Phinit Phisitkul,Samuel B. Adams,Jonathan R. Kaplan,Emilio Wagner
Foot & Ankle International. 2018; 39(12): 1389
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
87 Enhanced recovery after cardiac surgery: More than a buzzword
Alexander J. Gregory
Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
88 Validation of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS)-57 and -29 item short forms among kidney transplant recipients
Evan Tang,Oladapo Ekundayo,John Devin Peipert,Nathaniel Edwards,Aarushi Bansal,Candice Richardson,Susan J. Bartlett,Doris Howell,Madeline Li,David Cella,Marta Novak,Istvan Mucsi
Quality of Life Research. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
89 Standardization of immunotherapy adverse events in patient information leaflets and development of an interface terminology for outpatients’ monitoring
E.M. Zini,G. Lanzola,S. Quaglini,R. Cornet
Journal of Biomedical Informatics. 2018; 77: 133
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
90 Predictive factors of satisfaction and quality of life after immediate breast reconstruction using the BREAST-Q©
Carmen Cereijo-Garea,Salvador Pita-Fernández,Benigno Acea-Nebril,Raquel Rey-Villar,Alejandra García-Novoa,Cristina Varela-Lamas,Sergio Builes-Ramirez,Teresa Seoane-Pillado,Vanesa Balboa-Barreiro
Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
91 Characteristics and complexity of chronic pain patients referred to a community-based multi-disciplinary chronic pain clinic
C. May,V. Brcic,B. Lau
Canadian Journal of Pain. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
92 Aktueller Stand der Lebensqualitätsmessung bei Patienten mit chronischer Otitis media und Schallleitungsschwerhörigkeit
S. Lailach,I. Baumann,T. Zahnert,M. Neudert
HNO. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
93 Factors Associated With Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Open Fractures
Sheila Sprague,Brad A. Petrisor,Kyle J. Jeray,Paula McKay,Taryn Scott,Diane Heels-Ansdell,Emil H. Schemitsch,Susan Liew,Gordon H. Guyatt,Stephen D. Walter,Mohit Bhandari
Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. 2018; 32(1): e5
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
94 Prospective multicentre cohort study of patient-reported outcomes and complications following major abdominal neoplastic surgery (PATRONUS) – study protocol for a CHIR-Net student-initiated German medical audit study (CHIR-Net SIGMA study)
Christoph A. Fink,Mirco Friedrich,Pia-Elena Frey,Lukas Rädeker,Alexander Leuck,Thomas Bruckner,Manuel Feisst,Solveig Tenckhoff,Christina Klose,Colette Dörr-Harim,Jens Neudecker,André L. Mihaljevic
BMC Surgery. 2018; 18(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
95 Translation and cultural adaptation of the Pediatric Eosinophilic Esophagitis Symptom Score (PEESS v2.0)
Maria Fernanda Oliveira Santos,Cristina Palmer Barros,Carlos Henrique Martins da Silva,Helena Borges Martins da Silva Paro
Jornal de Pediatria (Versão em Português). 2018; 94(6): 642
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
96 Patient-reported health-related quality of life outcomes in supportive-care interventions for adults with brain tumors: A systematic review
Tonya M. Pan-Weisz,Maria Kryza-Lacombe,Jeffrey Burkeen,Jona Hattangadi-Gluth,Vanessa L. Malcarne,Carrie R. McDonald
Psycho-Oncology. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
97 A Review of Validated Quality-of-Life Patient-Reported Outcome Measures in Pediatric Plastic Surgery
Janine M. Roller,Rebecca J. M. Courtemanche,Douglas J. Courtemanche
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 2018; 142(5): 694e
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
98 Psychometric evaluation of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Physical Function and Pain Interference Computer Adaptive Test for subacromial impingement syndrome
Benjamin Strong,Michael Maloney,Judith Baumhauer,Joseph Schaffer,Jeff R. Houck,Man Hung,Jerry Bounsanga,Maren W. Voss,Yushan Gu,Ilya Voloshin
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
99 Measurement Properties of the Functional Rating Index
Zhongfei Bai,Tian Shu,Jiani Lu,Wenxin Niu
SPINE. 2018; 43(22): E1340
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
100 Are Patient Self-Reported Outcome Measures Sensitive Enough to Be Used as End Points in Clinical Trials?
Lee Jones,David F. Garway-Heath,Augusto Azuara-Blanco,David P. Crabb,David F. Garway-Heath,David P. Crabb,Catey Bunce,Gerassimos Lascaratos,Francesca Amalfitano,Nitin Anand,Augusto Azuara-Blanco,Rupert R. Bourne,David C. Broadway,Ian A. Cunliffe,Jeremy P. Diamond,Scott G. Fraser,Tuan A. Ho,Keith R. Martin,Andrew I. McNaught,Anil Negi,Krishna Patel,Richard A. Russell,Ameet Shah,Paul G. Spry,Katsuyoshi Suzuki,Edward T. White,Richard P. Wormald,Wen Xing,Thierry G. Zeyen
Ophthalmology. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
101 The relationship between patients’ illness beliefs and recovery after stroke
N. Aujla,M. Walker,K. Vedhara,N. Sprigg
Psychology, Health & Medicine. 2018; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
102 Validity, Reliability, and Responsiveness of the Spanish Version of the OPTIMAL Instrument
Arrate Pinto-Carral,Tania Fernández-Villa,Andrew A. Guccione,Federico Montero Cuadrado,José Ma Cancela,Antonio José Molina
PM&R. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
103 Evaluating test-retest reliability in patient-reported outcome measures for older people: A systematic review
Myung Sook Park,Kyung Ja Kang,Sun Joo Jang,Joo Yun Lee,Sun Ju Chang
International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2018; 79: 58
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
104 Genetic counselors as social and behavioral scientists in the era of precision medicine
Barbara B. Biesecker
American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C: Seminars in Medical Genetics. 2018; 178(1): 10
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
105 The Effect of Pet Therapy and Artist Interactions on Quality of Life in Brain Tumor Patients: A Cross-Section of Art and Medicine in Dialog
Stefan Petranek,Jennifer Pencek,Mahua Dey
Behavioral Sciences. 2018; 8(5): 43
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
106 The efficacy of complementary therapy for patients receiving palliative cancer care
SH Cedar,Melanie White,Anita Atwal
International Journal of Palliative Nursing. 2018; 24(3): 146
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
107 Patient reported outcome measures in rare diseases: a narrative review
Anita Slade,Fatima Isa,Derek Kyte,Tanya Pankhurst,Larissa Kerecuk,James Ferguson,Graham Lipkin,Melanie Calvert
Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases. 2018; 13(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
108 Quality of Life Assessment in Multiple Sclerosis: Different Perception between Patients and Neurologists
Maria C. Ysrraelit,Marcela P. Fiol,Maria I. Gaitán,Jorge Correale
Frontiers in Neurology. 2018; 8
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
109 Measurement Properties of Patient-Reported Outcome Measures Used in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty
Joel J. Gagnier,Hsiaomin Huang,Megan Mullins,Danica Marinac-Dabic,Anna Ghambaryan,Benjamin Eloff,Faisal Mirza,Manuel Bayona
JBJS Reviews. 2018; 6(1): e2
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
110 Working and caring for a child with chronic illness: A review of current literature
A. M. Kish,P. A. Newcombe,D. M. Haslam
Child: Care, Health and Development. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
111 Physical Symptom Burden and its Association with Distress, Anxiety and Depression in Breast Cancer
Daniel C. McFarland,Kelly M. Shaffer,Amy Tiersten,Jimmie Holland
Psychosomatics. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
112 Patient-Reported Outcomes in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease and Kidney Transplant—Part 1
Evan Tang,Aarushi Bansal,Marta Novak,Istvan Mucsi
Frontiers in Medicine. 2018; 4
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
113 Comparison of pediatric self reports and parent proxy reports utilizing PROMIS: Results from a chiropractic practice-based research network
Joel Alcantara,Jeanne Ohm,Junjoe Alcantara
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
114 Persistent hypothyroid symptoms in a patient with a normal thyroid stimulating hormone level
Jacqueline Jonklaas
Current Opinion in Endocrinology & Diabetes and Obesity. 2017; 24(5): 356
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
115 Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the SWAL-QoL Questionnaire in Greek
Voula C. Georgopoulos,Myrto Perdikogianni,Myrto Mouskenteri,Loukia Psychogiou,Maria Oikonomou,Georgia A. Malandraki
Dysphagia. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
116 Randomized Controlled Trials Evaluating Patient-Reported Outcomes after Cholecystectomy: A Systematic Review
Krislynn M. Mueck,Deepa V. Cherla,Amy Taylor,Tien C. Ko,Mike K. Liang,Lillian S. Kao
Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
117 Mandibular complete denture versus single-implant overdenture: a systematic review of patient-reported outcomes
T. E. Nogueira,D. R. Dias,C. R. Leles
Journal of Oral Rehabilitation. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
118 Scoping review of response shift methods: current reporting practices and recommendations
Tolulope T. Sajobi,Ronak Brahmbatt,Lisa M. Lix,Bruno D. Zumbo,Richard Sawatzky
Quality of Life Research. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
119 Correlation between subjective and objective hearing tests after unilateral and bilateral cochlear implantation
Geerte G. J. Ramakers,Yvette E. Smulders,Alice van Zon,Gijsbert A. Van Zanten,Wilko Grolman,Inge Stegeman
BMC Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders. 2017; 17(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
120 Linking Spending and Quality Indicators to Measure Value and Efficiency in Health Care
Andrew M. Ryan,Christopher P. Tompkins,Adam A. Markovitz,Helen R. Burstin
Medical Care Research and Review. 2017; 74(4): 452
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
121 Electronic patient-reported outcomes: a revolutionary strategy in cancer care
Roland Eid,Fady GH Haddad,Hampig Raphael Kourie,Joseph Kattan
Future Oncology. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
122 Translation and cultural adaptation of the Pediatric Eosinophilic Esophagitis Symptom Score (PEESS v2.0)
Maria Fernanda Oliveira Santos,Cristina Palmer Barros,Carlos Henrique Martins da Silva,Helena Borges Martins da Silva Paro
Jornal de Pediatria. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
123 Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis of Commercially Available Computerized Cognitive Training Among Older Adults
Amber M. Tetlow,Jerri D. Edwards
Journal of Cognitive Enhancement. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
124 Impact of Tocilizumab Monotherapy on Clinical and Patient-Reported Quality-of-Life Outcomes in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis
Leslie R. Harrold,Ani John,George W. Reed,Tmirah Haselkorn,Chitra Karki,YouFu Li,Jennie Best,Steve Zlotnick,Joel M. Kremer,Jeffrey D. Greenberg
Rheumatology and Therapy. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
125 Quality of Surgery in Malawi: Comparison of Patient-Reported Outcomes After Hernia Surgery Between District and Central Hospitals
Jakub Gajewski,Ronan Conroy,Leon Bijlmakers,Gerald Mwapasa,Tracey McCauley,Eric Borgstein,Ruairi Brugha
World Journal of Surgery. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
126 Impact of daclizumab versus interferon beta-1a on patient-reported outcomes in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis
Ying Liu,Timothy Vollmer,Eva Havrdova,Katherine Riester,Andrew Lee,Glenn Phillips,Ping Wang,Guido Sabatella
Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders. 2017; 11: 18
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
127 Integrative health care – What are the relevant health outcomes from a practice perspective? A survey
Ania Kania-Richmond,Amy Metcalfe
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2017; 17(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
128 Are validated patient-reported outcomes used on children in pediatric otolaryngology? A systematic review
Kevin Wong,Jacquelyn Piraquive,Chelsea A. Troiano,Anita Sulibhavi,Kenneth M. Grundfast,Jessica R. Levi
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
129 Investigating Patient Reported Outcomes and Experience for Scarf Akin Osteotomy Using Proms2.0
Karam Ahmad
MOJ Orthopedics & Rheumatology. 2017; 8(2)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
130 Patient-reported outcome measures and qualitative research in dermatology: the quest for authenticity
C.J. Apfelbacher,P.A. Nelson
British Journal of Dermatology. 2017; 176(2): 285
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
131 Predictors of Health-Related Quality of Life in boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy from six European countries
Christiane Otto,Birgit F. Steffensen,Ann-Lisbeth Højberg,Claus Barkmann,Jes Rahbek,Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer,Annette Mahoney,Julia Vry,Kathrin Gramsch,Rachel Thompson,Sunil Rodger,Kate Bushby,Hanns Lochmüller,Janbernd Kirschner
Journal of Neurology. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
132 Social correlates of health status, quality of life, and mood states in patients treated with cannabidiol for epilepsy
Magdalena Szaflarski,Barbara Hansen,E. Martina Bebin,Jerzy P. Szaflarski
Epilepsy & Behavior. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
133 Decreased health-related quality of life in angiodysplasia patients: A cross-sectional cohort
Karina V. Grooteman,Mijntje Matheeuwsen,Erwin J. M. van Geenen,Joost P. H. Drenth,John Green
PLOS ONE. 2017; 12(5): e0177522
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
134 Health-Related Quality of Life in Primary Care: Which Aspects Matter in Multimorbid Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in a Community Setting?
Martina Kamradt,Johannes Krisam,Marion Kiel,Markus Qreini,Werner Besier,Joachim Szecsenyi,Dominik Ose,Iratxe Puebla
PLOS ONE. 2017; 12(1): e0170883
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
135 Feasibility and Psychometric Properties of the Adjusted DSWAL-QoL Questionnaire for Dysphagic Patients with Additional Language and/or Cognitive Impairment: Part I
Ingeborg S. Simpelaere,Jan Vanderwegen,Kristien Wouters,Marc De Bodt,Gwen Van Nuffelen
Dysphagia. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
136 A Systematic Review of Measurement Properties of Patient-Reported Outcome Measures Used in Patients Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty
Joel J. Gagnier,Megan Mullins,Hsiaomin Huang,Danica Marinac-Dabic,Anna Ghambaryan,Benjamin Eloff,Faisal Mirza,Manuel Bayona
The Journal of Arthroplasty. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
137 The prevalence and impact of chronic neuropathic pain on daily and social life: A nationwide study in a Japanese population
S. Inoue,T. Taguchi,T. Yamashita,M. Nakamura,T. Ushida
European Journal of Pain. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
138 Performance of PROMIS Instruments in Patients With Shoulder Instability
Chris A. Anthony,Natalie A. Glass,Kyle Hancock,Matt Bollier,Brian R. Wolf,Carolyn M. Hettrich
The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2017; 45(2): 449
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
139 The effects of exercise on pain, fatigue, insomnia, and health perceptions in patients with operable advanced stage rectal cancer prior to surgery: a pilot trial
Jennifer Brunet,Shaunna Burke,Michael P.W. Grocott,Malcolm A. West,Sandy Jack
BMC Cancer. 2017; 17(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
140 Association Between the Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index
Brian Pietrosimone,Brittney A. Luc,Austin Duncan,Susan A. Saliba,Joseph M. Hart,Christopher D. Ingersoll
Journal of Athletic Training. 2017; 52(6): 526
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
141 The emerging role of anamorelin hydrochloride in the management of patients with cancer anorexia-cachexia
David C Currow,Richard JE Skipworth
Future Oncology. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
142 The assessment of patient clinical outcome: A literature discussion
MouæathA Hourani,NidalM Turab,QusaiY Shambour
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 2017; 10(2): 321
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
143 Predicting Falls Among Patients With Multiple Sclerosis: Comparison of Patient-Reported Outcomes and Performance-Based Measures of Lower Extremity Functions
Shirin Tajali,Mohammad-Jafar Shaterzadeh-Yazdi,Hossein Negahban,Jaap H. van Dieën,Mohammad Mehravar,Nastaran Majdinasab,Amal Saki-Malehis,Razie Mofateh
Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
144 Management of aromatase inhibitor induced musculoskeletal symptoms in postmenopausal early Breast cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Kate Roberts,Kirsty Rickett,Ristan Greer,Natasha Woodward
Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology. 2017; 111: 66
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
145 Chemotherapy completion in elderly women with ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancer – An NRG oncology/Gynecologic Oncology Group study
Vivian E. von Gruenigen,Helen Q. Huang,Jan H. Beumer,Heather A. Lankes,William Tew,Thomas Herzog,Arti Hurria,Robert S. Mannel,Tina Rizack,Lisa M. Landrum,Peter G. Rose,Ritu Salani,William H. Bradley,Thomas J. Rutherford,Robert V. Higgins,Angeles Alvarez Secord,Gini Fleming
Gynecologic Oncology. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
146 Translation and validation of the 15-item Myasthenia Gravis Quality of life scale in Dutch
Ellen Strijbos,Fania R. Gärtner,Jan J. Verschuuren
Muscle & Nerve. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
147 A prospective study to validate the Polish language version of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Colorectal Liver Metastases (QLQ-LMC21) module
Dominika Paradowska,Krzysztof Bereza,Beatrice Sanna,Ewa Kucharska,Iwona M. Tomaszewska,Zbigniew Dudkiewicz,Piotr Skotnicki,Andrew Bottomley,Krzysztof A. Tomaszewski
European Journal of Oncology Nursing. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
148 Improving Outcomes in Patients with CRC: The Role of Patient Reported Outcomes—An ESDO Report
Eric Van Cutsem,Aimery De Gramont,Geoffrey Henning,Philippe Rougier,Franck Bonnetain,Thomas Seufferlein
Cancers. 2017; 9(6): 59
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
149 Evidence-based prevention and treatment of osteoporosis after spinal cord injury: a systematic review
Saeed Soleyman-Jahi,Ali Yousefian,Radin Maheronnaghsh,Farhad Shokraneh,Shayan Abdollah Zadegan,Akbar Soltani,Seyed Mostafa Hosseini,Alexander R. Vaccaro,Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
European Spine Journal. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
150 Patient-Reported Outcomes of Chemotherapy Involving Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Evaluation by Questionnaires of Quality of Life Regarding Anti-Aging and Anti-Cancer Drugs
Takanori Ayabe,Masaki Tomita,Takashi Asada,Kazuyo Tsuchiya,Manabu Nemoto,Kunihide Nakamura
Advances in Lung Cancer. 2017; 06(02): 13
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
151 Greater Efficacy with Secukinumab Treatment is Associated with Greater Psoriasis Symptom Relief: Results from Secukinumab Clinical Trial Data
Alice B. Gottlieb,Bruce Strober,Mark Lebwohl,Roland Kaufmann,David Pariser,Redzinaldas Narbutas,Judit Nyirady,Yang Zhao,Vivian Herrera,Lori McLeod,Dawn Odom,Boni E. Elewski
Journal of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis. 2017; 2(2): 73
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
152 Patient reported outcomes – experiences with implementation in a University Health Care setting
Joshua Biber,Dominik Ose,Jenny Reese,Anna Gardiner,Julio Facelli,Joshua Spuhl,Darrel Brodke,Vivian S. Lee,Rachel Hess,Howard Weeks
Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes. 2017; 2(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
153 Measuring quality of life in opioid-dependent people: a systematic review of assessment instruments
Lisa Strada,Wouter Vanderplasschen,Angela Buchholz,Bernd Schulte,Ashley E. Muller,Uwe Verthein,Jens Reimer
Quality of Life Research. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
154 Electronic-Based Patient-Reported Outcomes: Willingness, Needs, and Barriers in Adjuvant and Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients
Andreas D Hartkopf,Joachim Graf,Elisabeth Simoes,Lucia Keilmann,Nina Sickenberger,Paul Gass,Diethelm Wallwiener,Lina Matthies,Florin-Andrei Taran,Michael P Lux,Stephanie Wallwiener,Eric Belleville,Christof Sohn,Peter A Fasching,Andreas Schneeweiss,Sara Y Brucker,Markus Wallwiener
JMIR Cancer. 2017; 3(2): e11
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
155 Qualitätsentwicklung in der interdisziplinären Trans-Gesundheitsversorgung
Timo O. Nieder,Andreas Köhler,Jana Eyssel,Peer Briken
Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
156 Correlation of PROMIS Physical Function Upper Extremity Computer Adaptive Test with American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons shoulder assessment form and Simple Shoulder Test in patients with shoulder arthritis
Chelsea E. Minoughan,Adam P. Schumaier,John L. Fritch,Brian M. Grawe
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
157 Utility of a patient-reported outcome in measuring functional impairment during autologous stem cell transplant in patients with multiple myeloma
Nina Shah,Qiuling Shi,Sergio Giralt,Loretta Williams,Qaiser Bashir,Muzaffar Qazilbash,Richard E. Champlin,Charles S. Cleeland,Xin Shelley Wang
Quality of Life Research. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
158 Quality of life patient-reported outcomes for locally advanced cutaneous melanoma
Evan S. Weitman,Matthew Perez,John F. Thompson,Robert H. I. Andtbacka,Jo Dalton,Mona L. Martin,Talia Miller,Chad Gwaltney,David Sarson,Eric Wachter,Jonathan S. Zager
Melanoma Research. 2017; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
159 Impact of targeted therapies in metastatic renal cell carcinoma on patient-reported outcomes: Methodology of clinical trials and clinical benefit
M. Dos Santos,P.E. Brachet,C. Chevreau,F. Joly
Cancer Treatment Reviews. 2017; 53: 53
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
160 Development and psychometric evaluation of the self-assessment of psoriasis symptoms (SAPS) – clinical trial and the SAPS – real world patient-reported outcomes
April W. Armstrong,Benjamin Banderas,Catherine Foley,Jonathan Stokes,Murali Sundaram,Alan L. Shields
Journal of Dermatological Treatment. 2017; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
161 Impact of rituximab on patient-reported outcomes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis from the US Corrona Registry
Leslie R. Harrold,Ani John,Jennie Best,Steve Zlotnick,Chitra Karki,YouFu Li,Jeffrey D. Greenberg,Joel M. Kremer
Clinical Rheumatology. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
162 Physical after-effects in men undergoing prostate biopsy in routine clinical practice: Results from the PiCTure study
Eileen Morgan,Frances J. Drummond,Catherine Coyle,Linda Sharp,Anna T. Gavin
Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
163 Patient-Reported Outcomes Can Be Used to Streamline Post-Total Hip Arthroplasty Follow-Up to High-Risk Patients
Jie J. Yao,Hilal Maradit Kremers,Cathy D. Schleck,Dirk R. Larson,Jasvinder A. Singh,Daniel J. Berry,David G. Lewallen
The Journal of Arthroplasty. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
164 Important clinical descriptors to include in the examination and assessment of patients with femoroacetabular impingement syndrome: an international and multi-disciplinary Delphi survey
M. P. Reiman,K. Thorborg,K. Covington,C. E. Cook,P. Hölmich
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
165 Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation in the immediate post–bariatric surgery care of patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review
Solomon Tong,Jonathan Gower,Austin Morgan,Kyle Gadbois,Gordon Wisbach
Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
166 Are community-based nurse-led self-management support interventions effective in chronic patients? Results of a systematic review and meta-analysis
Azzurra Massimi,Corrado De Vito,Ilaria Brufola,Alice Corsaro,Carolina Marzuillo,Giuseppe Migliara,Maria Luisa Rega,Walter Ricciardi,Paolo Villari,Gianfranco Damiani,Sari Helena Räisänen
PLOS ONE. 2017; 12(3): e0173617
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
167 The Methods for Foot Function Index and Foot and Ankle Outcome Score Measurement: A Comparison between Paper-and-Pencil Method and Electronic Method
Ji-Beom Kim,Min-Soo Kwon,Jung-Gon Kim,Young Yi,Woo-Chun Lee,Jeong-Ku Ha,Suk-Hwan Jang
Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society. 2017; 21(1): 33
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
168 Control of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Test for Children (CARATKids)
Rita Amaral,Ana C. Carneiro,Gustavo Wandalsen,João A. Fonseca,Dirceu Sole
Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. 2017; 118(5): 551
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
169 Illness perception in patients with androgenetic alopecia and alopecia areata in China
Nan-Lan Yu,Huan Tan,Zhi-Qiang Song,Xi-Chuan Yang
Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2016; 86: 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
170 Perception of parents and caregivers regarding the impact of malocclusion on adolescents’ quality of life: a cross-sectional study
Lucas Guimarães Abreu,Camilo Aquino Melgaço,Mauro Henrique Abreu,Elizabeth Maria Bastos Lages,Saul Martins Paiva
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics. 2016; 21(6): 74
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
171 Reliability of the revised scoliosis research society22 and oswestry disability index (ODI) questionnaires in adult spinal deformity when administered by telephone
Steven L. Bokshan,Jakub Godzik,Jonathan Dalton,Jennifer Jaffe,Lawrence G. Lenke,Michael P. Kelly
The Spine Journal. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
172 Quantifying clinical change: discrepancies between patients’ and providers’ perspectives
Rachel P. Dreyer,Philip G. Jones,Shelby Kutty,John A. Spertus
Quality of Life Research. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
173 Engaging stakeholders into an electronic patient-reported outcome development study: On making an HIV-specific e-PRO patient-centered
Kim Engler,David Lessard,Isabelle Toupin,Andràs Lènàrt,Bertrand Lebouché
Health Policy and Technology. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
174 Patient perceptions of physician-documented quality care in epilepsy
Lidia M.V.R. Moura,Thiago S. Carneiro,Emily L. Thorn,Michael P. Seitz,John Hsu,Andrew J. Cole,Barbara G. Vickrey,Daniel B. Hoch
Epilepsy & Behavior. 2016; 62: 90
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
175 How to Evaluate Health-Related Quality of Life and Its Association with Medication Adherence in Pulmonary Tuberculosis – Designing a Prospective Observational Study in South Africa
Tanja Kastien-Hilka,Bernd Rosenkranz,Bryan Bennett,Edina Sinanovic,Matthias Schwenkglenks
Frontiers in Pharmacology. 2016; 7
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
176 Recruiting 9126 Primary Care Patients by Telephone: Characteristics of Participants Reached on Landlines, Basic Cell Phones, and Smartphones
Mirsada Serdarevic,Tera L. Fazzino,Charles D. MacLean,Gail L. Rose,John E. Helzer
Population Health Management. 2016; 19(3): 212
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
177 Subjective outcome of 166 tension-free vaginal tape procedures performed by a single surgeon: the Braemar experience
Jose D. Roman
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
178 Cross-cultural adaptation and multi-centric validation of the Italian version of the Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS)
Alberto Vascellari,Pietro Spennacchio,Alberto Combi,Alberto Grassi,Silvio Patella,Salvatore Bisicchia,Gian Luigi Canata,Stefano Zaffagnini
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
179 Improvements in Patient Reported Sexual Function after Microsurgical Varicocelectomy
Bobby B. Najari,Leonard Introna,Darius A. Paduch
Urology. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
180 The utility of patient-reported outcome measures among patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome
Kyle W. Murdock,Xin Shelley Wang,Qiuling Shi,Charles S. Cleeland,Christopher P. Fagundes,Suzanne D. Vernon
Quality of Life Research. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
181 Implementing a patient-initiated review system for people with rheumatoid arthritis: a prospective, comparative service evaluation
Victoria A. Goodwin,Priyamvada Paudyal,Mark G. Perry,Nikki Day,Annie Hawton,Christian Gericke,Obioha C. Ukoumunne,Richard Byng
Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 2016; : n/a
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
182 Patient-reported and proxy-reported outcome measures for the assessment of health-related quality of life among patients receiving enteral feeding
Ingeborg Simpelaere,Anne White,Geertruida E. Bekkering,Bart Geurden,Gwen Van Nuffelen,Marc De Bodt
JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports. 2016; 14(7): 45
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
183 Patient-reported long-term outcome after primary hypospadias repair
Ann Nozohoor Ekmark,Einar Arnbjörnsson,Henry Svensson,Emma Hansson
Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery. 2016; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
184 Efficacy of menopausal hormone therapy on sleep quality: systematic review and meta-analysis
Dahima Cintron,Melissa Lipford,Laura Larrea-Mantilla,Gabriela Spencer-Bonilla,Robin Lloyd,Michael R. Gionfriddo,Shalak Gunjal,Ann M. Farrell,Virginia M. Miller,Mohammad Hassan Murad
Endocrine. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
185 The changing landscape of papillary thyroid cancer: Epidemiology, management, and the implications for patients
Carrie C. Lubitz,Julie A. Sosa
Cancer. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
186 Prospective evaluation of pain, swelling, and disability from copperhead envenomation
Brett Roth,Kapil Sharma,Nancy Onisko,Tiffany Chen
Clinical Toxicology. 2016; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
187 Predictors of Dysgeusia in Patients With Oropharyngeal Cancer Treated With Chemotherapy and Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy
Eli Sapir,Yebin Tao,Felix Feng,Stuart Samuels,Issam El Naqa,Carol A. Murdoch-Kinch,Mary Feng,Matthew Schipper,Avraham Eisbruch
International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
188 Using Quality Improvement Principles to Enhance Long-Term Completion of Patient-Reported Outcomes after Ventral Hernia Repair
Nishant Ganesh Kumar,Adil A. Faqih,Michael P. Feng,Richard S. Miller,Richard A. Pierce,Kenneth W. Sharp,Michael D. Holzman,Benjamin K. Poulose
Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
189 Measurement of Depression in Breast Cancer Patients by Using a Mobile Application : A Feasibility and Reliability Study
Yoojin Sim,Guiyun Sohn,Byung Ho Son,Sei Hyun Ahn,Jong Won Lee,Yong-Wook Shin
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association. 2016; 55(3): 234
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
190 Readability and Comprehension of the Geriatric Depression Scale and PROMIS® Physical Function Items in Older African Americans and Latinos
Sylvia H. Paz,Loretta Jones,José L. Calderón,Ron D. Hays
The Patient - Patient-Centered Outcomes Research. 2016;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
191 Baclofen for alcohol dependence: Relationships between baclofen and alcohol dosing and the occurrence of major sedation
Benjamin Rolland,Julien Labreuche,Alain Duhamel,Sylvie Deheul,Sophie Gautier,Marine Auffret,Baptiste Pignon,Thomas Valin,Régis Bordet,Olivier Cottencin
European Neuropsychopharmacology. 2015; 25(10): 1631
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
192 Health-related quality of life in morphoea
N.K. Klimas,A.D. Shedd,I.H. Bernstein,H. Jacobe
British Journal of Dermatology. 2015; 172(5): 1329
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
193 Interleukin-6 and Tumor Necrosis Factor-a Are Associated with Quality of Life–Related Symptoms in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Lea Ann Matura,Corey E. Ventetuolo,Harold I. Palevsky,David J. Lederer,Evelyn M. Horn,Stephen C. Mathai,Diane Pinder,Christine Archer-Chicko,Emilia Bagiella,Kari E. Roberts,Russell P. Tracy,Paul M. Hassoun,Reda E. Girgis,Steven M. Kawut
Annals of the American Thoracic Society. 2015; 12(3): 370
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
194 Prospective study of recovery from copperhead snake envenomation: an observational study
Eric J Lavonas,Charles J Gerardo
BMC Emergency Medicine. 2015; 15(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
195 Patient-Reported Outcomes and Total Health Care Expenditure in Prediction of Patient Satisfaction: Results From a National Study
Man Hung,Weiping Zhang,Wei Chen,Jerry Bounsanga,Christine Cheng,Jeremy D Franklin,Anthony B Crum,Maren W Voss,Shirley D Hon
JMIR Public Health and Surveillance. 2015; 1(2): e13
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
196 Patient-reported outcome measures for hip preservation surgery--a systematic review of the literature
N. Ramisetty,Y. Kwon,N. Mohtadi
Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery. 2015; 2(1): 15
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
197 Effects of inhaled ginger aromatherapy on chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting and health-related quality of life in women with breast cancer
Pei Lin Lua,Noor Salihah,Nik Mazlan
Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 2015; 23(3): 396
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
198 Patient reported outcome measures for visual impairment after stroke: a systematic review
Lauren R. Hepworth,Fiona J. Rowe,Robert Harper,Kathryn Jarvis,Tracey Shipman,Helen Rodgers
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2015; 13(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
199 Development and validation of patient-reported outcomes scale for hypertension
Li Zhi,Liu Qiaojun,Zhang Yanbo
International Journal for Quality in Health Care. 2015; 27(5): 369
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
200 High correlation of the Oxford Knee Score with postoperative pain, but not with performance-based functioning
Ruud P. van Hove,Richard M. Brohet,Barend J. van Royen,Peter A. Nolte
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. 2015;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
201 Mapping the EQ-5D-5L Utility Scores: A Pilot Study in Orthopaedic Patients
Man Hung,Christine Cheng,Shirley D. Hon,Jerry Bounsanga
Open Journal of Orthopedics. 2015; 05(04): 67
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
202 Development and validation of a patient-reported outcome measure for stroke patients
Yanhong Luo,Jie Yang,Yanbo Zhang
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2015; 13(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
203 Comparative Outcomes of Minimally Invasive Surgery for Posterior Lumbar Fusion: A Systematic Review
Christina L. Goldstein,Kevin Macwan,Kala Sundararajan,Y. Raja Rampersaud
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®. 2014;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
204 Time for a Paradigm Shift With Computerized Adaptive Testing of General Physical Function Outcomes Measurements
Man Hung,Jeremy D. Franklin,Shirley D. Hon,Christine Cheng,Jillian Conrad,Charles L. Saltzman
Foot & Ankle International. 2014; 35(1): 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
205 Psychometric Comparison of the PROMIS Physical Function CAT With the FAAM and FFI for Measuring Patient-Reported Outcomes
Man Hung,Judith F. Baumhauer,James W. Brodsky,Christine Cheng,Scott J. Ellis,Jeremy D. Franklin,Shirley D. Hon,Susan N. Ishikawa,L. Daniel Latt,Phinit Phisitkul,Charles L. Saltzman,Nelson F. SooHoo,Kenneth J. Hunt
Foot & Ankle International. 2014; 35(6): 592
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
206 Creating meaningful cut-scores for Neuro-QOL measures of fatigue, physical functioning, and sleep disturbance using standard setting with patients and providers
Karon F. Cook,David E. Victorson,David Cella,Benjamin D. Schalet,Deborah Miller
Quality of Life Research. 2014;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
207 A Daily Process Analysis of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Perceived Cognitive Abilities
Patrick T. Fitzsimmons,Jaclyn P. Maher,Shawna E. Doerksen,Steriani Elavsk,Amanda L. Rebar,David E. Conroy
Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2014;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
208 Electronic Versus Paper-Based Assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life Specific to HIV Disease: Reliability Study of the PROQOL-HIV Questionnaire
Martin Duracinsky,Christophe Lalanne,Cécile Goujard,Susan Herrmann,Christian Cheung-Lung,Jean-Paul Brosseau,Yannick Schwartz,Olivier Chassany
Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2014; 16(4): e115
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
209 Safety and tolerability of slow-release oral morphine versus methadone in the treatment of opioid dependence
Robert Hämmig,Wilfried Köhler,Karin Bonorden-Kleij,Bernd Weber,Karin Lebentrau,Toni Berthel,Lucija Babic-Hohnjec,Christian Vollmert,Doris Höpner,Najibulah Gholami,Uwe Verthein,Christian Haasen,Jens Reimer,Christian Ruckes
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 2014; 47(4): 275
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
210 Diagnosis, Bedside Manner and Comment Style are Predictive Factors in Online Ratings of Urologists
Sarah Ferrara,Wilma M. Hopman,Michael Leveridge
Urology Practice. 2014; 1(3): 117
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
211 Feasibility of Using the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System in Academic Health Centers: Case Series Design on Pain Reduction After Chiropractic Care
Jeanmarie R. Burke
Journal of Chiropractic Medicine. 2014; 13(3): 168
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
212 Quality of life and living arrangements for people with intellectual disability
Marco Bertelli,Luis Salvador-Carulla,Stefano Lassi,Michele Zappella,Raymond Ceccotto,David Palterer,Johan de Groef,Laura Benni,Paolo Rossi Prodi
Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities. 2013; 7(4): 220
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
213 Power and Sample Size Determination for the Group Comparison of Patient-Reported Outcomes with Rasch Family Models
Myriam Blanchin,Jean-Benoit Hardouin,Francis Guillemin,Bruno Falissard,Véronique Sébille,Mauro Gasparini
PLoS ONE. 2013; 8(2): e57279
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
214 Regulatory considerations for prospective patient care registries: lessons learned from the National Neurosurgery Quality and Outcomes Database*
Anthony L. Asher,Matthew J. McGirt,Steven D. Glassman,Rachel Groman,Dan K. Resnick,Melissa Mehrlich,Elizabeth Spivey,Paul McCormick
Neurosurgical Focus. 2013; 34(1): E5
[Pubmed] | [DOI]


    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
    Access Statistics
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

  In this article
   Importance of PRO
    PRO and Other Ty...
    Difference Betwe...
   Important Concepts
    Ideal Properties...
    Significance of ...
    Types of PRO Ins...
    Development of P...
    Administration o...
   Response Scales
   Evaluation of PRO
   Electronic PRO
    Article Figures
    Article Tables

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded2460    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 214    

Recommend this journal