Home  |  About us  |  Editorial board  |  Ahead of print  | Current issue  |  Archives  |  Submit article  |  Instructions |  Search  |   Subscribe  |  Advertise  |  Contacts  |  Login 
  Users Online: 973Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size  

 Table of Contents      
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 192

Qualitative research


1 Department of Clinical Research, Bharti Hospital and BRIDE, Karnal, Haryana, India
2 Department of Nutrition, Bharti Hospital and BRIDE, Karnal, Haryana, India
3 Department of Endocrinology, Bharti Hospital and BRIDE, Karnal, Haryana, India

Date of Web Publication22-Jul-2013

Correspondence Address:
Sanjay Kalra
Bharti Hospital and BRIDE, Karnal, Haryana
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2229-3485.115389

Rights and Permissions

How to cite this article:
Pathak V, Jena B, Kalra S. Qualitative research. Perspect Clin Res 2013;4:192

How to cite this URL:
Pathak V, Jena B, Kalra S. Qualitative research. Perspect Clin Res [serial online] 2013 [cited 2022 Nov 27];4:192. Available from: http://www.picronline.org/text.asp?2013/4/3/192/115389

Sir,

Scientific research is based upon finding a solution to a particular problem one can identify. There are various methods of formulating a research design for the study. Two broad approaches of data collection and interpretation in research are qualitative and quantitative research. The elementary method of conducting research was quantitative, but recently, qualitative method of research has also gained momentum among researchers.

Qualitative research focuses in understanding a research query as a humanistic or idealistic approach. Though quantitative approach is a more reliable method as it is based upon numeric and methods that can be made objectively and propagated by other researchers. Qualitative method is used to understand people's beliefs, experiences, attitudes, behavior, and interactions. It generates non-numerical data. The integration of qualitative research into intervention studies is a research strategy that is gaining increased attention across disciplines. Although once viewed as philosophically incongruent with experimental research, qualitative research is now recognized for its ability to add a new dimension to interventional studies that cannot be obtained through measurement of variables alone. [1] Qualitative research was initially used in psychological studies when researchers found it tedious to evaluate human behavior in numeric. Since then, qualitative research is used in other research fields as well. In clinical research, qualitative approach can help view the data more extensively. It strengthens clinical trials by enhancing user involvement in it.

Three broad categories of qualitative research of interest exists in clinical research: Observational studies, interview studies and documentary/textual analysis of various written records. [2] Qualitative research gives voice to the participants in the study. [1] It permits the participants to share their experiences of the effects of the drug of interest. This can open our eyes to new aspects of the study and help modify the design of the clinical trial. Qualitative study enhances the involvement of everyone related to the study. The researcher works on the social parameters in addition to the quantitative measures in the study. The subjects also have an empowering experience in the study. They have an active role in the study and can voice their individual benefits and harms of the study. In addition, with qualitative methods, the relationship between the researcher and the participant is often less formal than in quantitative research.

Qualitative research can have a major contribution in health research. In clinical trials, qualitative research can have a great impact on data collection, its analysis and the interpretation of results. Qualitative studies should be well-designed and the aims, procedures of the study should be meticulously adjudicated. Study should have pre-determined methods to nullify research bias. When combined with quantitative measures, qualitative study can give a better understanding of health related issues. The perspectives in clinical research should highlight advances in qualitative research as well, to optimize quality and utility of this method of research.

 
   References Top

1.Gibson G, Timlin A, Curran S, Wattis J. The scope for qualitative methods in research and clinical trials in dementia. Age Ageing 2004;33:422-6.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]    
2.Pope C, Mays N. In: Mays N, Pope N, editors. Qualitative Methods in Health and Health Services Research. London, BMJ: Qualitative Research in Health Care; 1996.  Back to cited text no. 2
    



This article has been cited by
1 Experiences of women with advanced cervical cancer before starting the treatment: Systematic review of qualitative studies
Bruna Sena Reis, Cristiane Matos Nogueira, Aerica de Figueiredo Pereira Meneses, Bruna Helena Mellado, Francisco José Candido dos Reis
International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
2 The Fashion Buying Career of Vanessa Denza: A Case Study Analysis to Inform Future Buying Skills
Kevin Almond
Fashion Practice. 2022; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
3 Doctoral research in education: a comparative study on Indian and international trends
Arnab Kundu, Mrityunjoy Kaibarta, Subhadip Mukherjee
International Journal of Comparative Education and Development. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
4 Evaluating the opportunities, challenges and risks of applying the blockchain technology in tourism: a Delphi study approach
Mehdi Dadkhah, Fariborz Rahimnia, Viachaslau Filimonau
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
5 Rural Hispanic Perceptions of Mental Health: A Qualitative Study
Sally Moyce, Sophia Thompson, Madeline Metcalf, Maria Velazquez, Elizabeth Aghbashian, Nathaniel Sisson, David Claudio
Journal of Transcultural Nursing. 2022; : 1043659621
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
6 Clinicians’ perspectives on supporting individuals with severe anorexia nervosa in specialist eating disorder intensive treatment settings
Hannah Webb, Bethan Dalton, Madeleine Irish, Daniela Mercado, Catherine McCombie, Gemma Peachey, Jon Arcelus, Katie Au, Hubertus Himmerich, A. Louise Johnston, Stanimira Lazarova, Tayeem Pathan, Paul Robinson, Janet Treasure, Ulrike Schmidt, Vanessa Lawrence
Journal of Eating Disorders. 2022; 10(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
7 University students’ views on the impact of Instagram on mental wellbeing: a qualitative study
Laura Moreton, Sheila Greenfield
BMC Psychology. 2022; 10(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
8 Virtual conversational agents versus online forms: Patient experience and preferences for health data collection
Hiral Soni, Julia Ivanova, Hattie Wilczewski, Alexandra Bailey, Triton Ong, Alexa Narma, Brian E. Bunnell, Brandon M. Welch
Frontiers in Digital Health. 2022; 4
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
9 From Evidence Synthesis to Transfer: Results from a Qualitative Case Study with the Perspectives of Participants
Cristina Lavareda Baixinho, Óscar Ferreira, Marcelo Medeiros, Ellen Synthia Fernandes de Oliveira
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(9): 5650
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
10 “Providing Sex Education Is Challenging”: Malay Mothers’ Experience in Implementing Sex Education to Their Children with Intellectual Disabilities
Nawal Nabilah Kamaludin, Rosediani Muhamad, Zainab Mat Yudin, Rosnani Zakaria
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(12): 7249
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
11 Teacher Views on Teaching Sustainability in Higher Education Institutes in Australia
Zawar Shah, Shannon Kennedy-Clark, Yancong Xie, Md Shamsur Rahim, Mehregan Mahdavi, Andrew Levula
Sustainability. 2022; 14(14): 8431
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
12 The Visibility of Citizen Participation and the Invisibility of Groundwater in Mexico
Ojilve Ramón Medrano-Pérez, Luzma Fabiola Nava, Antonio Cáńez-Cota
Water. 2022; 14(9): 1321
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
13 The experiences of speech-language therapists providing telerehabilitation services to children with autism spectrum disorder
Saira B.S. Karrim, Penelope S. Flack, Urisha Naidoo, Stephanie Beagle, Abigail Pontin
South African Journal of Communication Disorders. 2022; 69(2)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
14 Challenges and strategies of secondary teachers teaching science: Some stories to tell
Susan Dipolog
International Journal of Research Studies in Education. 2022; 11(16)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
15 Desired Resources for Changing Diet Among Persons With Multiple Sclerosis: Qualitative Inquiry Informing Future Dietary Interventions
Stephanie L. Silveira, Emma V. Richardson, Robert W. Motl
International Journal of MS Care. 2022; 24(4): 175
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
16 Ag teknolojileri ile ilgili makalelerin bibliyografik yöntemle incelenmesi
Ahmet Rasit PETEKCI
Açikögretim Uygulamalari ve Arastirmalari Dergisi. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
17 Suit model canvas: modelo visual de gestăo de projetos para escritórios de advocacia
Maycon Barreto Lopes, Simone Vasconcelos Silva
Revista de Gestăo e Projetos. 2021; 12(3): 196
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
18 Too old to teach? Experiences of online teaching among FCS instructors aged 50 years old and up
Sarah E Balce
International Journal of Research Studies in Education. 2021; 10(10)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
19 Digital Storytelling as a Reflective Tool in Occupational Therapy Curriculum
Amshuda Sonday,Andrea Gl ssel
Occupational Therapy International. 2021; 2021: 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
20 Opportunities and barriers to business engagement in the UK domestic retrofit sector: An industry perspective
Ben Butt,Rory V. Jones,Alba Fuertes
Building Services Engineering Research and Technology. 2021; 42(3): 293
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
21 Appreciating Multiple Realities in the Transformation towards a Sustainable Dairy Sector: An Explorative Study from the Inside-Out Perspective
Liz Engelberts, Arjan van Rheede, Henk Kievit, André Nijhof
Agronomy. 2021; 11(11): 2116
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
22 Senior Managers’ Experience with Health, Happiness, and Motivation in Hospitals and the Perceived Impact on Health Systems: The Case of Meru County, Kenya
Rose Nabi Deborah Karimi Muthuri,Flavia Senkubuge,Charles Hongoro
Healthcare. 2021; 9(3): 350
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
23 Tobacco Control as an LGBTQ+ Issue: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Recommendations from LGBTQ+ Community Leaders
Veronica Acosta-Deprez,Judy Jou,Marisa London,Mike Ai,Carolyn Chu,Nhi Cermak,Shannon Kozlovich
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11): 5546
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
24 Speech And Thought Representation of the Split Personality Between the Narrator and Tyler Durden In Fight Club By Chuck Palahniuk
Ariq Zufar Muhammad, Catur Kepirianto
Culturalistics: Journal of Cultural, Literary, and Linguistic Studies. 2021; 5(3): 23
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
25 COVID-19 Pandemisi ve Toplumsal Cinsiyet: Türkiye’deki Kadin Sivil Toplum Kuruluslarinin Gözlemleri ve Çalismalari
Asli ÜNAL,Nilüfer KOÇTÜRK,Öznur BAYAR
Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
26 Step 3: Critically Appraising Evidence
Susan Givens Bell
Neonatal Network. 2021; 40(6): 402
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
27 Illuminating Transformative Learning/Assessment: Infusing Creativity, Reciprocity, and Care Into Higher Education
Michelle Searle, Claire Ahn, Lynn Fels, Katrina Carbone
Journal of Transformative Education. 2021; 19(4): 339
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
28 Competencies relevant for gerontological nursing: Focus-group interviews with professionals in the nursing of older people
Anniina Tohmola, Reetta Saarnio, Kristina Mikkonen, Helvi Kyngäs, Satu Elo
Nordic Journal of Nursing Research. 2021; : 2057158521
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
29 Evaluating OzHarvest’s primary-school Food Education and Sustainability Training (FEAST) program in 10–12-year-old children in Australia: protocol for a pragmatic cluster non-randomized controlled trial
F. Karpouzis,R. Lindberg,A. Walsh,S. Shah,G. Abbott,J. Lai,A. Berner,K. Ball
BMC Public Health. 2021; 21(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
30 Sexual health concerns in women with intellectual disabilities: a systematic review in qualitative studies
Behzad Karami Matin, Michelle Ballan, Fatemeh Darabi, Ali Kazemi Karyani, Moslem Soofi, Shahin Soltani
BMC Public Health. 2021; 21(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
31 Sharing towards cohesive community: the role of social capital in sharing economy
Michael Ka Wai Lai, Amy Po Ying Ho
Social Transformations in Chinese Societies. 2021; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
32 Ethnomathematics on Surabaya Regional song notation
D Indrawati,A H Z Septiana,I Rahmawati,D A Siwi,N Mariana,W Wiryanto,F Istianah
Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2021; 1987(1): 012043
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
33 ‘The Potted Palms is bigger than each of us individually’: older musicians playing as community and for community
Dawn Joseph
Creative Industries Journal. 2021; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
34 Insurers' risk management as a business process: a prospective competitive advantage or not?
Danish Ahmed, Xie Yuantao, Umair Saeed Bhutta
European Journal of Management and Business Economics. 2021; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
35 The use of qualitative methods in venous thromboembolism research
Jackeline Hernandez-Nino,Mary Thomas,Andreia B. Alexander,Mary A. Ott,Jeffrey A. Kline
Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis. 2021; 5(6)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
36 Teachers’ Willingness to Use a Telepresence Robot for Consultation with Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Kimberly A. Zoder-Martell,Margaret T. Floress,Maria B. Schiuchetti,Andrew M. Markelz,Laila Sayyeh
Contemporary School Psychology. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
37 Experiences of Families Following Organ Donation Consent: A Qualitative Systematic Review
Juanjuan Ma,Li Zeng,Tingjun Li,Xiaofei Tian,Lili Wang
Transplantation Proceedings. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
38 Adjusting to living with Parkinson’s disease; a meta-ethnography of qualitative research
Gina Wieringa,Maria Dale,Fiona J. R. Eccles
Disability and Rehabilitation. 2021; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
39 Unravelling potentials and limitations of sharing economy in reducing unnecessary consumption: A social science perspective
Michael K.W. Lai,Amy P.Y. Ho
Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 2020; 153: 104546
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
40 Psychological autopsy: retrospective exploration of equivocal deaths in Bloemfontein, South Africa
Ceri Strating,Nathaniel Lehlohonolo Mosotho,Helene Engela Le Roux
The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology. 2020; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
41 Exploring the barriers to upscaling the production capacity of the edible insect sector in the United Kingdom
Ying Yang,Christopher Cooke
British Food Journal. 2020; 123(4): 1531
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
42 Predictors of job satisfaction of registered nurses providing care for older adults
Abeer Mohammed Shaheen,Mamdouh Al- Hniti,Ayman Bani Salameh,Maha Alkaid-Albqoor,Muayyad Ahmad
Journal of Nursing Management. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
43 Enhancing Studentsć English Speaking Skills through Web-Based Teaching
Irfan Suryana,Vicky Hidantikarnillah,Vicky Ikmi Nur Oktavianti
EDUVELOP. 2020; 3(2): 90
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
44 Family Farmersć Perceptions of the Impact of Public Policies on the Food System: Findings From Brazilćs Semi-Arid Region
Emily Aparecida Ferreira Brandăo,Thiago da Rocha Santos,Stephan Rist
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems. 2020; 4
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
45 Environmental Awareness for Patients with COPD Undergoing Pulmonary Rehabilitation: Is It of Added Value?
Sara Souto-Miranda,Ana-Carolina Gonçalves,Carla Valente,Célia Freitas,Ana C. A. Sousa,Alda Marques
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21): 7968
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
46 ‘It was like a lightning bolt hitting my world’: Feeling shattered in a first crisis in psychosis
Sarah Bögle,Zoë Boden
Qualitative Research in Psychology. 2019; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
47 The Contributions and Challenges of Government-Organized Non-Governmental Organizations to Community Development
Degwale Gebeyehu Belay
International Journal of Political Activism and Engagement. 2019; 6(2): 14
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
48 Health, social integration and social support: The lived experiences of young Middle-Eastern refugees living in Melbourne, Australia
Pranee Liamputtong,Hala Kurban
Children and Youth Services Review. 2018; 85: 99
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
49 ‘Talkin’ ‘Bout My Generation’: Using a Mixed-Methods Approach to Explore Changes in Adolescent Well-Being across Several European Countries
Alina Cosma,Jelisaveta Belic,Ondrej Blecha,Friederike Fenski,Man Y. Lo,Filip Murár,Darija Petrovic,Maria T. Stella
Frontiers in Psychology. 2017; 8
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
50 Mapping user activities and user environments during the client intake and examination phase: An exploratory study from the perspective of ankle foot orthosis users
F.C. Holtkamp,M.J. Verkerk,J. van Hoof,E.J.M. Wouters
Technology and Disability. 2017; 28(4): 145
[Pubmed] | [DOI]



 

Top
  
 
  Search
 
    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
    Access Statistics
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

 
  In this article
    References

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed50241    
    Printed271    
    Emailed1    
    PDF Downloaded8257    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 50    

Recommend this journal