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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 93-99

A survey of knowledge and variables influencing perceptions about clinical research: A cross-sectional study from Mumbai

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Urmila Mukund Thatte
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, First Floor, New Multistorey Building, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/picr.PICR_97_19

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Purpose: Clinical research in India has been besieged by controversies. While studies have addressed other stakeholders, few have addressed the patient. The present study was conducted to assess the extent of awareness and understanding about the nature and conduct of CR among people of Mumbai. Methods: Institutional Ethics Committee approval was taken (EC/OA-12/15) and written informed consent was obtained. Adults who were residents of Mumbai were enrolled. A prevalidated and published 48-item questionnaire based on six themes, namely awareness and participation, voluntariness and autonomy, compensation, confidentiality, safety, and involvement in CR were administered. Perception based on themes and association of variables such as age, gender, socioeconomic class, and education on this perception was assessed. Descriptive statistics along with Chi-square test/Chi-square test for trend and crude odds ratio (cOR) were assessed. Results: Of the 453 participants approached, 400 (age 32 [18–96]) consented. Only 210/400 (52.5%) were aware of CR and 194/400 (48.5%) said they needed permission for participation. Only 226/400 (56.5%) were aware of their rights and 111/400 (27.75%) felt that clinical trial participants received compensation. The socioeconomic class influenced awareness of CR (P < 0.00001; r2 = 0.495) as did the age (P < 0.0001; r2 = 0.82). Men were less likely to need permission to participate relative to women (cOR [95% confidence interval (CI)] 2.47 [1.6, 3.6] [P < 0.00001]). Those who had heard of CR were twice more willing to participate (cOR [95% CI] 1.72 (1.2, 2.6); P = 0.008). Conclusions: There is a greater need to improve awareness, especially about safety, compensation, and confidentiality in CR.

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