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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 123-128

Advances in orphan drug development: Time to change the status and stereotype

Contractual Medical Officer, Tarapur PHC, Tarapur, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sayanta Thakur
Contractual Medical Officer, Tarapur PHC, Sandhyajole Road, Tarapur-731233, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/picr.picr_193_21

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Rare diseases remain a challenge for many of the countries in the world. The millions of people collectively suffering from rare diseases, in the context of raging COVID-19 pandemics globally, require an innovative and recent solution from different stakeholders. Regulatory bodies such as the Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency have come up with many different approaches including financial assistance to prompt drug development and approval. Novel approaches pertinent to clinical trials of such drugs such as patient centricity, early interaction with regulatory bodies, and establishing clinical outcome of interest have been experimented. Various international organizations including cross-country collaborators have initiated various projects or consortiums to bridge the gap between knowledge and practice. The challenges remain more pivotal in developing countries such as India, which has adopted few noteworthy initiatives by involving relevant stakeholders in the presence of limited resources, infrastructures, and a nascent regulatory framework. Therefore, it is imperative to revisit the key aspects of orphan drug development to fulfill the unmet needs of such patients suffering from various rare diseases.

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