Implementation of an educational program to promote research ethics in undergraduate medical students
Tejal C Patel1, Raakhi K Tripathi2, Tushar R Bagle3, Nirmala N Rege2
1 Department of Pharmacology, HBT Medical College and RN Cooper Hospital, Juhu, Mumbai, India
2 Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, India
3 Department of Pharmacology, Rajiv Gandhi Medical College, Thane, Maharashtra, India
Raakhi K Tripathi,
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, College Building, 1st Floor, Acharya Donde Marg, Parel, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Background: MBBS students lack training in research ethics which is crucial when they enter clinical practice and venture into clinical research in future. This study was planned to implement an educational module to build concepts in research ethics
Objective: To assess the change in the knowledge and attitude of medical students towards research ethics.
Methods: The study was initiated after obtaining institutional ethics committee approval. It was an interventional study, conducted on 2nd MBBS students (N=130) subjected to an educational program which comprised of three modules viz., theme lectures, educational visits and small group case based learning. A prevalidated questionnaire(35 items), was administered at baseline and at the end of 3 modules, to assess the change in the knowledge gained and in the attitude towards ethics in animal and human research. Feedback was obtained from students and faculty to assess the outcome of this program.
Results: On analyzing the knowledge gained post intervention in 130 students, it was observed that in the post test for the items on ethics committee- need and composition, principles of research ethics was answered correctly by more number of students, which was statistically significant. The statistically significant positive change was observed for attitude of these students towards both animal and human research ethics. Case based discussions provided better understanding of ethical practices and its importance in conducting research as responded by majority students and faculty.
Conclusions: Educational program on research ethics enhanced learning and brought about the positive attitudinal change. Majority students’ and faculty appreciated the program and considered it as relevant for undergraduate training.