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An exploration of profile, perceptions, barriers, and predictors of research engagement among resident doctors: a report from CHARTING study

1 Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
2 Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
3 Department of Community Dentistry and Periodontology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
4 Department of Psychiatry, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
5 Department of Internal Medicine, LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
6 Department of Community Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
7 Kebbi Medical Centre, Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria
8 Department of Internal Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Katsina, Nigeria
9 Department of Internal Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Abeokuta, Nigeria
10 Department of Child Oral Health, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
11 Department of Ear, Nose & Throat, Federal Teaching Hospital, Gombe, Nigeria
12 Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Oladimeji Adebayo,
Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/picr.PICR_152_20

Purpose/Aims: This research aimed to study the profile, perceptions, barriers, and predictors of Nigerian resident doctors' level of engagement in scientific research. Methods: This study was a descriptive cross-sectional quantitative survey of 438 resident doctors in Nigeria. This study forms a part of the big CHARTING Study, the protocol of which was published in “Nigeria Journal of Medicine 2019;28:198-205.” Results: Three hundred and eighteen (72.8%) respondents were male and 119 (27.2%) were female. There were 229 (52.4%) registrars and 208 (47.6%) senior registrars, while residents in surgical versus nonsurgical specialties were 190 (44.5%) and 237 (55.5%), respectively. Three hundred and sixty-eight (85%) respondents had participated previously in research; 67 (15.6%) and 72 (16.6%) had their papers published in local or international journals, respectively; and only 46 (10.6%) had held first authorship positions in peer-reviewed journal publications. The significant barriers to research identified among them included lack of funding, lack of free time, inadequate training/knowledge on research methodology, and the onerous nature of clinical research. The independent predictor of previous engagement with research was years on current job (P = 0.007). This was similar to finding for the first authorship of a peer-reviewed article among the respondents (0.017). Conclusion: This study concludes that publication and grantsmanship rates were very low among the surveyed resident doctors, despite their high rate of engagement in research projects. There is a need for increased research capacity building among resident doctors in Nigeria.

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